Trends in fertility in 2009

15.04.2010

In 2009 1429 children more than in 2000 were born, but 2271 or 10.5% less than in 2008, according to the data of Central Statistical Bureau. In 2009 number of births per 1000 population comprised 9.6 children.

Birth trends in Latvia

Year

Number of births

total

per 1000 population

per 1000 women
aged 15-49

2000

20248

8,5

34,20

2001

19664

8,3

33,29

2002

20044

8,6

33,90

2003

21006

9,0

35,46

2004

20334

8,8

34,33

2005

21497

9,3

36,37

2006

22264

9,7

37,82

2007

23273

10,2

39,79

2008

23948

10,6

41,36

2009

21677

9,6

*37,64

*) provisional data

Difference between births and deaths in 2009 increased, nevertheless the number of both births and deaths reduced. As a result natural increase was still negative and grew from minus 7058 to minus 8220.

In 2009 per 1000 women at fertile age (15-49 years) 38 children were born, and that in comparison with the year before is 3 children or 9% less.

Since 2005 birth rates for women aged 25 and over are increasing and it is reducing for very young women (aged up to 19). In 2005 6.6% of all live births had women aged up to 19 years, but in 2009 – 5.2%.

Live births by age of mother
(per cent)

Year

Age of mother (years)

Up to 19

20–24

25–29

30–34

35–39

40+

2005

6.6

27.2

30.8

22.7

10.2

2.5

2006

7.0

26.9

30.6

22.3

10.6

2.7

2007

6.5

26.4

30.9

22.1

11.4

2.7

2008

6.2

25.3

31.5

22.6

11.7

2.8

2009

5.2

23.4

32.3

23.1

12.6

3.3

 

Average age of the mother of newborn since 2000 has increased from 27.3 to 28.7 years, but average age of mother at the time when first baby is born – from 24.4 to 26 years. Age when the first marriage is registered since 2000 for both men and women had grown on average by 2 years.

Average age of women when the first marriage is registered and average age of mother at the time when first baby is born (2000 – 2009 in Latvia) 
 


In 2009 49.5% of the newborn were first children in family (in 2008 – 51.3%), 34.1% - were second children (in 2008 – 33.3%).

In 80ties more than 80% of children were born in marriages. Later the share of children born in marriages had decreased significantly - from 83% in 1990 to 56.5% in 2009.

In 2010 birth rates continue to diminish. During the first two months of this year 500 children less than in corresponding period of previous year were registered.

 

Prepared by the Population Statistics Section
Melita Dimza
Tel. 67366901