On sown area, harvested production and average yield of agricultural crops in 2011

16.02.2012

Data on sown areas of agricultural crops compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that in 2011 cereal cropland comprised 526.6 thousand ha, and it is 14.9 thousand ha or 2.8% less than in 2010 (in 2010 0.7 thousand ha or 0.1% more than in 2009).

In comparison with the previous years, the share of cereal cropland in total sown area has not changed significantly – in 2011 the number constituted 48.5% (49.1% in 2010 and 48.5% in 2009), while the shares of winter and spring cereals in the structure of cereal cropland have changed. Due to unfavourable weather conditions part of the winter cereals sown in autumn of 2010 did not hibernate, and the share of winter cereals in the total cereal cropland reduced from 53.2% in 2010 to 46.2% in 2011. The sown area of winter cereals in 2011 has diminished by 44.7 thousand ha or 15.5%. The areas of crops not hibernated were covered with the spring cereals instead, thus the area of spring cereals rose by 29.8 thousand ha or 11.8%, of which area of spring wheat by 28.6 thousand ha or 35.0%.

1.4 million tons of grain were harvested in 2011, and it is 23.5 thousand tons or 1.6% less than in 2010. Along with the reduction in the average yield of winter cereals from 32.4 quintals from ha in 2010 to 29.3 quintals from ha in 2011, also the harvested production of winter crops decreased by 217.9 thousand tons or 23.4%. The year was favourable for the spring cereals – their average yield increased from 19.9 quintals from ha in 2010 to 24.6 quintals in 2011, moreover the harvested production of grain grew by 194.4 thousand tons or 38.6%, of which spring wheat - from 24.3 quintals to 29.0 quintals from ha, and the rise of the harvested spring wheat production by 121.9 thousand tons or 61.3% influenced the harvested production of grain significantly.

The share of withered cereals and cereals not harvested in 2011 comprised 24.3 thousand ha or 4.6% of all cereal cropland (4.5% in 2010).

Structure of cereal cropland, %

In 2011 totally 1061.1 thousand tons of grain were purchased, and it is 59.0 thousand tons or 5.3% less than a year before. Wheat constituted 81.3% of all purchased grain (81.7% in 2010). The volume of purchased wheat has reduced by 52.6 thousand tons or 5.7%, of which the volume of food wheat – by 34.7 thousand tons or 5.4%. The share of food wheat in the total volume of purchased wheat has not changed - 70.4%. The volume of purchased barley, including food barley, has reduced – by 18.3 thousand tons or 15.1% and 12.8 thousand tons or 53.4%, respectively.

The volume of purchased rye in 2011 has grown by 9.2 thousand tons or 18.4% (96.6 thousand tons or 65.9% less than a year before in 2010), of which the volume of food rye has increased by 3.8 thousand tons or 11.2%.

The average purchase prices of grain continued to grow. In 2011 the increase constituted 27.0% (44.8% in 2010) – from LVL 106.06 per ton in 2010 to LVL 134.70 per tons in 2011.

Average purchase prices of grain

 

Average purchase price, LVL per ton

2011 as % of  2010

2010

2011

Grain, total

106.06

134.70

127.0

Wheat

110.21

138.82

126.0

of which food

115.75

144.91

125.2

Rye

79.72

120.19

150.8

of which food

86.26

122.54

142.1

Barley

92.86

118.62

127.7

of which food

93.44

121.96

130.5

Oats

71.01

94.28

132.8

of which for food

81.73

101.15

123.8

Other grain

92.6

115.67

124.9

of which triticale

92.8

114.74

123.6

 

Harvested production, purcase and average purchase price of grain

The share of sown area of rape in the total sown area continues to grow, and in 2011 the number reached 11.2% (10.0% in 2010). The sown areas have risen by 10.7 thousand ha or 9.7%, of which area of rape – by 34.1 thousand ha or 79.3%, because part of the sown areas of winter rape and cereals not hibernated were replaced with the spring rape. The sown areas of winter rape have diminished by one third, and their share in the total rape areas has reduced from 61.1% in 2010 to 36.5% in 2011. Average seed yield from one hectare of winter rape has dropped from 25.1 quintal in 2010 to 20.1 quintal in 2011, and that, in turn, caused the reduction in rape seed yield by 7.2 thousand tons or 3.2%.

If compared to the year before, the harvested production of potatoes in 2011 has grown by 14.3 thousand tons or 3.0%, whereas the potato plantation areas have diminished by 1.5%.

In 2011 168.2 thousand tons of vegetables were grown (including vegetables in greenhouses), and it is 17.2 thousand tons or 11.4% more than a year before. The open field vegetable areas have risen only by 1.0%, while the harvested production of vegetables has increased by 12.8 thousand tons or 9.2%, and average yield has grown from 172 quintals in 2010 to 186 quintals in 2011.

Sown areas of agricultural crops (thousand ha)

 

2010

2011*)

2011 as % over 2010

Total sown area

1102.7

1086.7

98.6

Cereals

541.5

526.6

97.2

Winter cereals

287.9

243.2

84.5

wheat

225.8

200.9

89.0

rye

34.6

28.4

81.9

triticale

12.1

9.9

82.3

Spring cereals

253.6

283.4

111.8

wheat

81.8

110.4

135.0

barley

91.1

94.7

104.0

oats

63.3

59.3

93.6

buckwheat

8.2

9.5

116.8

Rape

110.6

121.3

109.7

Potatoes

30.1

29.7

98.5

Vegetables (open field)

8.1

8.1

101.0

 

Harvested production and average yield of agricultural crops

 

Harvested production, thsd t

Average yield, quintals per ha

2010

2011*)

2011 as % of  2010

2010

2011*)

Cereals

1435.5

1412.0

98.4

26.5

26.8

Winter cereals

931.6

713.7

76.6

32.4

29.3

wheat

790.5

618.8

78.3

35.0

30.8

rye

70.2

64.0

91.2

20.3

22.6

triticale

26.4

21.4

80.8

21.9

21.5

Spring cereals

503.9

698.3

138.6

19.9

24.6

wheat

198.8

320.7

161.3

24.3

29.0

barley

184.0

227.2

123.5

20.2

24.0

oats

100.6

120.9

120.1

15.9

20.4

buckwheat

5.5

9.6

174.2

6.7

10.0

Rape

226.3

219.1

96.8

20.5

18.1

Potatoes

484.3

498.6

103.0

161

168

Vegetables

151.0

168.2

111.4

172

186

*) Provisional data

 

Prepared by the Agricultural Statistics Section
Tel. 67366981
Guna Karlsone