Share of fuelwood in gross consumption of energy resources increased by 7.3%

18.06.2015

Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia show that in 2014 the share of fuelwood in gross consumption of energy resources accounted for 30.8%, which is 7.3% more than in 2010 (23.5%). At the same time consumption of natural gas dropped by 7.4%, and in 2014 its share in gross consumption of energy resources amounted to 24.1%. Energy dependence1 has decreased from 43% in 2010 to 37% in 2014.

In 2014, gross consumption2 of energy resources accounted for 188.1 petajoules (PJ), which is 0.5% more than in 2013. Over the last ten years gross consumption of energy resources has not significantly changed. In 2004, gross consumption of energy resources accounted for 188.7 PJ, which is 0.3% more than in 2014.

Consumption of energy resources in Latvia, petajoules

*Net import of water power, wind power and electricity

** Waste tyres, municipal waste for burning, charcoal, straw, other biomass, biogas, biofuel

 

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

In 2014 transformation sector which includes production of electricity and production of heat for sale, consumed 47.1 PJ of energy resources, and produced 35.6 PJ of energy, of which 25.7 PJ heat and 10.8 PJ - electricity. In transformation sector mainly fossil fuel natural gas is used; however, its share in transformation sector has been gradually decreasing (from 81.0% in 2010 to 64.3% in 2014). Since 2010 the share of renewable energy sources (RES) has increased by 18.6%, in 2014 reaching 35.1% of the consumed energy resources in transformation sector.

Final consumption of energy resources in 2014 accounted for 168.5 PJ, which is 1.6% more than in 2013. The largest consumers of energy resources are households, which consume on average 30%, transport (on average 27%), and industry (on average 20%).

Final consumption of energy sources in Latvia, petajoules

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Last year 46.3 PJ of energy resources were consumed in transport sector, which is 2.1% more than in 2013. The share of diesel oil, which is the main energy resource in transport sector, in final consumption of energy resources accounted for 61.5%. Consumption of liquefied petroleum gas increased from 1 PJ in 2010 to 2.6 PJ in 2014, which is an increase of 167.5%. Consumption of biodiesel and bioethanol in 2014 accounted for 2.0% of final consumption of energy resources, which is 0.26% more than in 2013.  

In 2014 energy resources consumption in industry accounted for 37.8 PJ, which is 5.7% more than in 2013. Manufacture of metals witnessed the most notable drop - consumption of energy resources decreased by 91.4%. The largest energy consumption in 2014 was recorded in manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork - 19.1 PJ or 50.5% of final consumption of energy resources in industry. In this sector consumption of energy resources increased by 26.1%, as growth was also recorded in production of pelleted wood. 24.9 PJ of pelleted wood were produced in 2014, which is 25.3% more than in 2013.

Consumption of energy resources in households in 2014 amounted to 52.4 PJ, which is 1.3% less than in 2013. Households mostly use fuelwood, whereof firewood accounts for 85% (in 2013 - 91%). With a drop in firewood consumption, in 2014 the share of pelleted wood in total consumption of energy resources in households grew by 152.3%. 

More information on energy consumption will be available on 30 September in the CSB database section Environment and Energy.

Energy dependence is an indicator that is calculated by subtracting the volume of exports from the volume of imports of energy resources, and dividing this number by gross consumption of energy resources.
2 Gross consumption of energy resources includes consumption of energy resources in heat and electricity production sector (transformation sector), and final consumption, which includes all sectors of national economy, as well as households.

 

More information:
Environment and Energy Statistics Section
Vera Suzdaļenko
Tel.: +371 67366768