Results of the survey \"Vocational Training in Enterprises\"
In 2005 vocational training of employees1 was organized slightly more than in one third (36%) of enterprises, according to the data of survey “Vocational training in enterprises” conducted by the Central Statistics Bureau. This survey is the second survey of such kind in Latvia (the first was carried out in 2000) which was organized on the basis of the unified methodology accomplished by the European Community Statistics Bureau (Eurostat). In Latvia 3681 or 93.5% from the included in the selection enterprises participated in the survey.
The data of the survey shows that the vocational training of the employees is regularly organized in large enterprises (with the number of employees of 250 and more- in 85% of enterprises) which have plans of personnel development, training centres and financial possibilities to organize vocational trainings, and only in less then one third of enterprises with relatively small number of employees (10-49).
Enterprises having organized vocational training of employees in division by the number of employees in 1999 and 2005
Compared to the data of previous surveys, the following can be concluded: the enterprises have decreased the activity in organizing vocational training. If in 1999 the vocational training of the employees was organized in 53% of Latvian enterprises, in 2005- only 36%.
Significantly more vocational trainings are organized in enterprises dealing with financial intermediation, while most rarely- in the sector of hotels and restaurants.
Enterprises having organized vocational training of employees
For the vocational training enterprises choose different forms of training. They can be divided into vocational training courses2 and other forms of vocational training3 (training in the process of work, training using the change of work, etc.). In Latvia vocational trainings are provided for 30% from the total number of enterprises (in 1999- for 26%), other forms of training- for 27% of enterprises. The most popular of them is organized attendance of conventions, seminars, business fairs and lectures. Enterprises use opportunities to participate in the external vocational training courses more than in the internal vocational training courses. In 2005 29% of the total number of enterprises used courses organized by other enterprises/organizations, but 6.7% used vocational training organized in the own enterprise.
In the above mentioned survey the initial vocational training4 in the enterprises was investigated for the first time, and the obtained data shows that in the initial vocational training 1.8% of the total number of employees participated.
According to the data obtained in the survey, in 2005 practically 15% of the total number of employees participated in the vocational training which is less by 10 percentage points than in 1999. The results of the survey don’t show any significant distinctions in terms of participation between men and women. The rate of the vocational training participants is significantly larger in large enterprises- 24% of participants in enterprises with the number of employees more than 250, and 8% of participants in small enterprises with the number of employees 10-49.
Rate of employees having participated in the vocational training courses
The highest rate of the participants of vocational training courses was in the youngest age group (younger than 25 years)- 16% of the total number of employees, compared to 8% in the age group of 55 years and more.
Participants of the vocational training courses spent 26 hours in average in the trainings calculating to all participants of the courses. There are no significant distinctions between men and women in this mean. Comparatively more time on the courses is spent by the employees of small enterprises (30 hours in average).
Direct expenses for the organization of employee vocational training courses for one participant reached LVL 67. The lowest expenses were in small enterprises – LVL 50.
1 Vocational training in enterprises is educational events or activities, the main aim of which is obtaining new skills or developing and improving the existing ones, and which must be at least partially financed by the enterprise to its employees who have the work agreement or who live on their work in the enterprise (for example, members of the family working in the family enterprise and not receiving salary for it, or workers of the odd jobs). Educational events or activities must be planned and organized beforehand or supported exactly with an aim to study.
In the vocational training enterprises the educational events and activities include vocational training courses and other forms of vocational training.
2 Vocational training courses are usually separated from the active work place (training is organized at places which are specially provided for the studies, for example, in a class or a training centre). Courses are specially organized (time, room and content). The content is developed for the group of trainees (for example, there is a curriculum, a programme).
3 Other forms of vocational training in enterprises are usually connected with the active work and active work place, but they can also include the attendance of conventions, fairs and similar activities with an aim to study. Their content is often adapted to the personal needs of participants in the work place. In the context of survey on vocational training in the enterprises following other forms of vocational training are set:
Planned training in the process of work;
Planned training using the work rotation, change or move to other work for time, experience exchange visits;
Planned training in study/discussion groups;
Attendance of conventions, seminars, business fairs and lectures.
4 Initial vocational training in enterprises is an event or activity for apprentices/trainees based on the work. It gives officially acknowledged qualification.
Prepared by the Culture, Education, Science and Health Statistics Section
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