On population long-term migration in 2006

26.04.2007

The Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), using data provided by Citizenship and Migration Board, has completed the summarization on long-term migration* of population in Latvia during 2006.

The summarized data show, that, previous year in Latvia as result of long-term migration, the population decreased by 2451 person, what is the highest indicator since 2002. In 2006 from other countries in Latvia for permanent stay arrived 2801 person and for permanent stay in other countries left 5252 persons.

Population long-term migration in 2000 - 2006
(number of people)

As it can be seen in the chart, in 2006 the net migration was negative 2.2 times more than in 2004 and 4.3 times higher than in 2005. That means, that Latvia population, when moving for permanent stay in other countries, in 2006 in more cases than in previous years informed about that place of residence declaration institutions.

The statistical data on migration show, that in 2006 the rate of European Union countries in external immigration flow was 52,9%, but in emigration - 38,7%.

Immigration and emigration by country in 2006
(Countries arranged by migration turnover, i.e., immigration + emigration)

Immigration

Emigration

Net migration, people

Number of people

in per cent

Number of people

in per cent

All countries

2801

100

5252

100

-2451

of which:

Russia

753

26,9

1652

31,5

-899

Germany

248

8,9

487

9,3

-239

United Kingdom

245

8,7

381

7,3

-136

Belarus

86

3,1

417

7,9

-331

Lithuania

297

10,6

193

3,7

104

Ukraine

110

3,9

339

6,5

-229

ASV

75

2,7

289

5,5

-214

Ireland

122

4,4

189

3,6

-67

Estonia

96

3,4

101

1,9

-5

France

46

1,6

142

2,7

-96

Sweden

67

2,4

94

1,8

-27

Italy

50

1,8

104

2,0

-54

Other countries

606

21,6

864

16,5

-258

Analyzing data on external migration, it can be seen, that there was a dominance of men in immigration (54,6%) and women in emigration (53,5%).

In the result of external migration in 2006 Latvia ‘’got’’ 805 young people aged less than 19 years, but ‘’lost’’ 2207 persons at working age and 365 persons at retirement age. Latest feature in external migration is the immigration of underaged children. In 2006 among immigrants were 615 children under age of 6 (22% of all immigrants). That testifies, that in many cases children of Latvian people, who are working abroad, are given for care to family members who stayed in Latvia or other relatives.

External long term migration in 2006 by age group

In 2006, the result of external migration by ethnicity were the fallowing: the number of Latvians in the country reduced by 695 people, of Russians - by 1282, of Ukrainians - by 287, of Belarussians - by 198 persons. But the number of Lithuanians increased by 79, of Germans - by 115, of Swedes - by 31, of Danes by - 37.

Of all external immigrants the citizenship of Latvia had 17,6%, citizenship of other EU countries - 37,8%, Russian citizenship - 28,7%. But the citizenship of Latvia among emigrants had 36,6%, citizenship of other EU country - 8,8%, Russian citizenship - 14,7%. The rate of Latvia non-citizens among immigrants was 0,1%, but among emigrants - 26,2%.

Analyzing data of 2006 on marital status of external migrants, it can be seen, that the highest rate among both immigrants and emigrants is of single, respectively 51,2% and 43,3%. The share of married persons among immigrants was 33,5%, but among emigrants - 43,3%.

The territorial point of view to migration shows, that Riga has considerably more intensive migration connections to foreign countries than other cities and districts. The rate of Riga in total number of Latvia population total number is slightly more than 32%, whereas from external migration in 2006 Riga as place of residence chooses 55,8% of immigrants. Also less than a half (51,4%) of the total number of external immigrants in 2006 was Riga population.

Analyzing country internal migration, can be seen, that in 2006 permanent residence from one administrative territory to other changed 52482 persons. Quite typical is tendency to move for life in country capital Riga or other country central regions. As, for example, in 2006 for life in Riga from Zemgale moved 1741 person, from Latgale - 1609 persons, from Vidzeme - 1404, from Kurzeme - 1304 persons.

Total net migration in 2006 was positive only in Jelgava (163), Jurmala (117 persons), as well as in the districts of Riga (4213), Ogre (598), Jelgava (87) and Ventspils (3).

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* Tong-term migrants, according to ANO Recommendations, are persons arriving in country or administrative territory with purpose to stay in a permanent residence or to stay for at least one year, or leaves it to other permanent residence.

Prepared by Social Statistics Department
Population Statistics Section
Tel. 7366904
Dzidra Rumpīte