Pesticide use per 1 ha of sown area: 1.04 kg on cereals and 1.54 kg on rape

16.10.2013

Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that, in 2012, 598 tons of pesticides (in active substances*) were applied on cereal cropland – on average 1.04 kg per hectare of sown area,whereas pesticide use on rape comprised 181.3 tons or 1.54 kg per hectare of sown area.

Survey results indicate that the highest volumes of plant protection products were applied on winter wheat – 1.51 kg of pesticides per hectare of sown area (in active substances). Winter wheat areas were treated with 1.41 kg and spring wheat with 0.89 kg of pesticides (per ha). In respect to the sown areas of winter and spring rape the indicator has reached 1.75 kg and 1.29 kg, respectively; whereas pesticide use on one hectare of oats, buckwheat or mixed cereals was notably smaller.

Pesticide use per hectare of sown area (in active substances)

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Agricultural holdings managing wider areas of cereals and rape on average were using higher volume of pesticides, especially on sown areas covered with winter and spring wheat and winter rape.

Agricultural holdings by sown areas of cereals and rape and volume of pesticides used on average per ha

Area, ha

Pesticide use per hectare of sown area (in active substances), kg

winter wheat

spring wheat

rye

winter rape

spring rape

under 20

0.84

0.74

0.89

1.02

0.97

20.1 – 100.0

0.99

0.96

0.74

1.37

1.08

100.1 – 200.0

1.36

1.25

0.73

1.45

1.30

200.1 – 300.0

1.40

1.17

1.33

1.53

1.20

300.1 – 500.0

1.66

1.62

1.37

1.66

1.47

500.1 and more

2.14

1.10

1.03

1.87

1.37

Sown areas of cereals and rape more commonly are treated with herbicides – 41.8% of pesticides used on cereals and 77.4% of pesticides used on rape. The share of insecticides in the total volume of pesticides used on cereals comprised 4.1% and 3.7% in the pesticide volume used on rape. 34.6% of pesticides used on cereals were plant growth regulators – their highest shares were recorded in the sown areas of winter wheat and rye.

Structure of pesticides used (in active substances)

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Due to the fact that pesticide market is entered by new substances with lower weight and smaller application doses per ha, and taking into account their possible threats to the environment and separate areas of it (groundwater, surface water, soil, bee colonies etc.), it is necessary to produce statistics on each active substance used.

In 2012, cereal and rape areas were treated with 99 various active substances, while only 7 of them comprised 70% of the total weight of active substances used.

The most common active substance used was weed eradication agent glyphosate (herbicide, a component of many plant protection products), comprising 18.2% of the total volume of pesticides used on cereal and rape areas. Plant growth regulator chlormequat chloride constituted 22.6% of the total volume of active substances applied on cereals and rape, while herbicides containing MCPA and metazachol accounted for 9.7% and 9.4%, respectively, fungicide tebuconazole – for 4.4%, insecticide dimethoate – for 3.0%, and herbicide dimethachlore – for 2.5%.

Statistics on the pesticide use on crops is produced with an aim to monitor implementation of European Union policy on sustainable development and for calculating relevant indicators on the risk for health and the environment related to pesticide use, and in line with the requirements of the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009.

 

 

More information:
Agricultural Statistics Section
Guna Karlsone
Tel. +37167366981



* Substances, including microorganisms, that have general or specific effect on hazardous organisms or plants, parts or products thereof.