Only 5% of Latvia population are residing dwellings constructed during the last 10 years
Data of the Population and Housing Census 2011 compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB) show that 21.7% of Latvia population are living in conventional dwellings (apartments or individual houses) constructed during the time period before 1945. 9.5% of Latvia residents are occupying housings erected during the time period from 1946 till 1960, 58.7% - buildings constructed during 1961-1990, 4.7% - houses built during 1991-2000, and 4.8% - dwellings assembled during 2001-2011.
Latvia population by period when conventional dwelling occupied thereof was constructed
of which persons occupying dwellings constructed during (years)
As compared to the data acquired within the previous Population and Housing Census (in 2000), the share of persons residing buildings constructed before 1960 has dropped by 3.9 percentage points.
Latvia residents by period when their conventional dwelling was constructed (%)
Each third resident of Vidzeme region (33.3%) is occupying dwelling erected before 1945, while the lowest share of persons residing such housings was recorded in Latgale (17.7%); however, this region has the greatest proportion of persons living in buildings constructed during the time period from 1946 till 1960 - 16.6%.
The highest percentage of persons residing dwellings built during the time period from 1961 till 1990 was observed in Riga (64.6%), while the lowest – in Vidzeme region (48.9%).
The greatest share of persons living in buildings constructed during the first ten independence years was found in Pierīga region (6.9%), while the lowest in Riga (3.0%). As it can be concluded from the high share of persons occupying housings built during the time period from 2001 till 2011 (13.4%), construction of residential buildings also at that time was the greatest Pierīga region. Breakdown of the data by counties indicates that the highest share of newly-erected dwelling residents are living in Mārupe (48.0%), Garkalne (42.0%), and Stopiņi (33.3%) counties;while the smallest in Latgale region (only 1%).
Population and Housing Census 2011 results show that 58.8% of the total conventional dwelling number are owner-occupied, 12.6% - rented, and 27.5% are dwellings in other types of ownership. The greatest percentage of owner-occupied dwellings was recorded in Pierīga region – 61.7%, while the smallest in Kurzeme region – 53.4%, yet this region indicates the highest proportion of rented dwellings – 18.1%.
Conventional dwellings in Latvia by type of ownership and period of construction
Within the framework of the Population and Housing Census, data were acquired also on population number in breakdown by the type of dwelling permanently occupied thereof. Out of the total number of conventional dwelling residents 68.0% are living in apartment houses, 28.3% - in individual houses, 1.1% - in semi-detached houses and same number in twin houses, 0.6% - in row houses, and 0.1% - in non-residential houses.
Latvia residents by type of conventional dwelling occupied thereof; 2011 (%)
The highest share of persons residing individual houses was recorded in Vidzeme region (45.8%) and in Pierīga region (41.2%), while the lowest – in Riga (5.2%). However Riga indicates very high proportion of persons living in apartment houses (92.6%), while the smallest corresponding percentage was recorded in Vidzeme region (50.5%).
Population and Housing Census programme included 10 questions on housing. As a result, data were acquired on the dwelling occupancy status, housing arrangements, year when the building was erected, building type, type of heating, facilities available in the dwelling, floor space and type of ownership. In the Population and Housing Census 2011, all dwellings were surveyed, as opposed to the Census 2000 in which only occupied dwellings were counted.
More information on population housing is available in the CSB database.
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