The number of transit freights decreases

04.03.2013

According to the data of the Central Statistical Bureau, in 2012 the volume of freights carried by rail and by oil products pipeline increased by 2% and 8.9% accordingly, while freight carried by road decreased by 2.4% as compared to 2011.

In 2012, 60.6 million tons of freight were carried by rail, which is an increase of 2% as compared to the previous year. The comparatively slight growth was determined by the low basis of the statitsical indicators, i.e., rapid drop in the volume of freights in the second half of the year.

Freight transport by rail by type of transport

 

2012

4th quarter of 2012

 

(mln t)

as % over 2011

(mln t)

as % over the 4th quarter of 2011

Total

60.6

+2.0

13.3

-17.6

national freights

1.4

+19.8

0.5

+36.6

export freights

4.9

-0.9

1.2

-17.3

 

freights from ports in Latvia

3.0

-0.4

0.7

-21.9

import freights

49.7

+2.7

11.0

-16.8

 

freights to ports in Latvia

46.1

+2.9

10.1

-17.8

transit freights

4.6

-5.5

0.6

-45.3

1.4 million tons of freight were national freights carried by rail, which is 0.2 mln tons or 19.8% more than in 2011.In international transportation the volume of freights carried by rail grew by 1 million tons (1.7%). 82.9% of the total international freight haulage was comprised by transportation through the Latvian ports.

In 2012, 52.6 mln tons of the freight were transported by road, which is a decrease of 2.4% as compared to the previous year. The drop in the volume of freights was determined by decline in the main types freight in road transportation: quarrying products and peat – of 1.1%, products of agriculture and forestry – of 4.6% and wood and products of wood (except furniture) – of 4.3%.

Freight transport by road by type of transport

 

2012

4th quarter of 2012

 

(mln t)

as % over 2011

(mln t)

as % over the 4th quarter of 2011

Total

52.6

-2.4

13.3

-7.1

national freights

43.1

-3.9

11.0

-9.1

export freights

4.1

+0.2

1.0

-1.7

import freights

2.2

+23.7

0.5

+29.8

cross-trade and cabotage freights

3.2

-0.7

0.8

-2.2

The bulk (81.8%) of the total volume of freights were national freights, where the indicator decreased by 1.7 million tons (3.9%). In its turn, international freight transportation increased by 0.4 million tons (4.5%).

More than one third (36.8%) of the total volume of freights carried by road were comprised by quarrying products and peat, 19.6% – products of agriculture, hunting and forestry, fish and other fishing products, and 12% – by wood and products of wood and cork (except furniture), pulp, paper and paper products, printed matter and recorded media.

In 2012, 6.3 mln tons of oil products were transported by the oil products pipeline, a growth of 8.9% as compared to 2011.

The collected data show that passenger transportation by public transport in 2012 declined by 2.6% as compared to the previous year. The largest drop in the number of carried passengers was recorded in rail, while the number of passengers carried by trolleybuses remained at the level of the last year.

Passenger transportation by public transport

 

2012

4th quarter of 2012

 

(mln passengers)

as % over 2011

(mln passengers)

as % over the 4th quarter of 2011

Rail

19.8

-3.6

4.7

-3.0

Regular bus traffic lines

113.2

-3.4

28.7

-4.5

Trams

40.6

-2.4

11.1

+3.5

Trolleybuses

46.2

0.0

12.7

+3.2

The most widely used type of public transport is regular bus traffic. Every second public transport passenger used this transport mode. In 2012, 113.2 mln passengers were carried by regular bus traffic lines, and it is a decrease of 3.4% as compared to 2011. The drop in the number of passengers was recorded in all quarters of 2012. The majority (99.6%) of passengers were carried by national bus traffic. The number of passengers carried by national transport decreased by 3.4%, of which in urban routes – by 2.2%, in regional local routes – by 7.6% and in regional interurban routes – by 4.6%. The number of passengers carried by international transport increased by 2.1%.

Decline in the number of passengers in rail transport was also registered during entire year 2012.The number of carried passengers in 2012 decreased by 3.6%. The number of passengers carried by national transport declined by 3.7%, whereas in international transport (mainly between Latvia and Russia) it grew by 4.1%.

In 2012, 86.8 mln passengers were carried by urban electrified transport, a decrease of 1.1% as compared to the previous year. The number of passengers carried by trolleybuses remained at the level of the previous year, while the number of passengers carried by trams – decreased by 2.4%. Urban electrified transport was the only public transport mode, where in the 4th quarter of 2012 the number of passengers increased.

 

Prepared by Transport and Tourism Statistics Section
tel.67366810
Edīte Miezīte