Number of occupied posts has reduced by 3.2 thousand or 0.4 %

19.09.2016

Data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that, at the end of the 1st half of 2016 in Latvia there were 891.2 thousand occupied posts, and the number thereof has declined by 3.2 thousand or 0.4 %, as compared to the end of the 1st half of 2015.During the year, the number of occupied posts in private sector dropped by 2.4 thousand or 0.4 %, falling down to 601.0 thousand. In public sector the number of occupied posts accounted for 290.3 thousand – a decrease of 0.8 thousand or 0.3 %, as compared to the corresponding period of 2015.

Occupied posts by sector

 

End of Q2 2015, thsd

End of Q1 2016, thsd

End of Q2 2016, thsd

Changes of the Q2 2016, %

 

Compared to Q2 2015

Compared to Q1 2016

Total

894.4

875.3

891.2

-0.4

1.8

of which:

 

 

 

 

 

  In private sector

603.4

585.3

601.0

-0.4

2.7

  In public sector

291.1

290.0

290.3

-0.3

0.1

During the year, the most notable reduction was recorded in major occupational group craft and related trades workers, as well as elementary occupations – of 7.4 % or 6.9 thousand and 1.6 % and 1.8 thousand, respectively. Drop was recorded also in the number of plant and machine operators and assemblers, as well as technicians and associate professionals.

Annual changes in number of occupied posts by major occupational group

During the year, the sharpest drop in the number of occupied posts was recorded in construction (of 10.2 % or 6.3 thousand), mining and quarrying (9.0 % or 0.3 thousand), and other service activities (2.7 % or 0.4 thousand).  In its turn, the most significant indicator increase was observed in information and communication (of 7.9 % or 2.2 thousand), water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (5.2 % or 0.4 thousand), and administrative and support service activities (4.4 % or 1.6 thousand).

In wholesale and retail trade, in which the highest number of occupied posts is recorded, no notable changes were observed during the year – 148.9 thousand posts were occupied in the 2nd quarter of this year (a drop of 0.1 %). The number of occupied posts in manufacturing went down to 111.4 thousand (reduction of 0.3 %).  While in education the indicator declined by 0.7 % and constituted 96.5 thousand.

 

Occupied jobs by main kind of economic activity

Sections of NACE Rev.2

Q2 2015, thsd

Q2 2016, thsd

Changes, %

Total

894.4

891.2

-0.4

Agriculture, forestry and fishing (A)

22.5

22.1

-1.6

Mining and quarrying (B)

3.9

3.6

-9.0

Manufacturing (C)

111.8

111.4

-0.3

Electricity, gas, steam, and air conditioning supply (D)

12.9

12.8

-0.2

Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (E)

7.6

8.0

5.2

Construction (F)

61.7

55.4

-10.2

Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G)

149.1

148.9

-0.1

Transportation and storage (H)

77.5

77.0

-0.7

Accommodation and food service activities (I)

32.9

33.0

0.2

Information and communication (J)

27.9

30.1

7.9

Financial and insurance activities (K)

18.3

18.3

0.0

Real estate activities (L)

27.7

27.7

-0.2

Professional, scientific and technical activities (M)

41.0

40.9

-0.4

Administrative and support service activities (N)

36.1

37.6

4.4

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security (O)

63.0

63.4

0.7

Education (P)

97.2

96.5

-0.7

Human health and social work activities (Q)

64.0

65.1

1.8

Arts, entertainment and recreation (R)

24.1

24.5

1.5

Other service activities (S)

15.4

15.0

-2.7

 

At the end of 2nd half of 2016 there were 14.5 thousand job vacancies. Out of the number 5.8 thousand were recorded in public sector and 8.7 thousand in private sector. In the total number of jobs in the country 1.6 % were vacant, 2.0 % of which in public sector and 1.4 % in private sector. The highest job vacancy rate was recorded in public administration (4.2 % of all jobs), accommodation and food service activities (2.6 %), human health and social work activities (2.1 %), as well as manufacturing and financial and insurance activities (2.0 % in each).

More information on occupied posts and job vacancies Latvia is available in the CSB website section Occupied Posts and Job Vacancies, Paid Working Hours – Key Indicators.  Data on occupied posts in 2015 and 2nd quarter of 2016 are published in the database section Occupied Posts and Job Vacancies, Paid Working Hours (Short term statistical data and Annual statistical data).

Methodological explanations

In accordance with the survey methodology, job vacancy is defined as a post, for which no contract has been signed and no candidate chosen, and the employer is taking active steps to find a suitable candidate from outside the enterprise, and which will be filled immediately or within the nearest time. The job vacancy rate is calculated in per cent, by dividing the number of job vacancies by the total number of posts (occupied + vacant).

Data on occupied posts and job vacancies are acquired from the quarterly statistical reports on the activities of businesses, individual merchants, state and local government budgetary institutions, foundations, associations and funds, as well as from administrative data sources. Only those peasant and fisherman farms employing 50 and more employees are included.

Private sector includes commercial companies with central or local government capital participation of up to 50 %, commercial companies of all types without central or local government capital participation, individual merchants, and agricultural holdings and fishermen farms employing with 50 and more persons

Public sector includes central and local government institutions and commercial companies with central or local government capital participation 50 % and more, public organisations and commercial companies thereof.

Absolute changes and percentage changes are calculated from the data not converted into thousands.

 

Media requests
Sanda Rieksta
Information and Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366621, +371 27880666
www.twitter.com/CSB_Latvia
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More information on data
Lija Luste
Wages Statistics Section
E-mail Lija [dot] Luste [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366917