Net wages and salaries growing faster

01.06.2018

Data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in the 1st quarter of 2018 the average monthly gross wages and salaries for full-time work in Latvia comprised EUR 961, growing by 8.6 % or EUR 76 over the year.

Compared to the 1st quarter of 2017, earnings in private sector rose faster than in public sector. The average wages and salaries in private sector constituted EUR 957 (annual rise of 8.9 %) and in public sector EUR 969 (up by 8.1 %). Average gross wages and salaries in general government sector, which includes central and local government institutions, as well as enterprises controlled and financed by the central and local government, grew to EUR 923 or by 9.0 %.

Changes in average monthly wages and salaries by sector
(euros)

 

Q1 2017

 

Q4 2017

 

Q1 2018

 

Changes, %

Q1 2018, compared to

Q1 2017

Q1 2018, compared to

Q4 2017

Total

884

961

961

8.6

-0.1

Private sector

879

943

957

8.9

1.5

Public sector*

897

1000

969

8.1

-3.1

of which:

 

 

 

 

 

general government sector

847

955

923

9.0

-3.3

* Does not include foundations, associations, funds and their commercial companies.

In the 1st quarter of 2018, the average net wages and salaries calculated based on the labour taxes applicable on workplace, constituted EUR 713. Over the year, the earnings increased by 10.2 %, which is 1.6 percentage points higher rise than that in earnings before taxes.

Compared to the 4th quarter of 2017, net wages and salaries increased by 1.8 %.

Considering annual consumer price growth of 2.0 %, the real increase in net wages and salaries comprised 8.0 %.

At the beginning of the year, rise in minimum wage from EUR 380 to EUR 430 or by 13.2 %, introduction of progressive income tax, as well as changes in size of untaxable minimum had the most notable influence on the changes in average wages and salaries. Mandatory social insurance contributions paid by employees went up by 0.5 percentage points.

Changes in consumer prices and average wages and salaries
(as %, compared to the corresponding period of previous year)

Changes in the average wages and salaries are influenced not only by the factors mentioned and rise in employee remuneration, but also by structural changes of the labour market – enterprises that had started and stopped their business during the year, changes in the number of employees and workloads in various economic sectors, as well as state administrative measures in the fight against shadow economy. The effects caused by the mentioned factors in general are reflected as changes in the wage and salary fund and number of full-time employees, which are used in the average wage calculations.

In the 1st quarter of 2018, compared to 2017, gross wage and salary fund increased by 10.1 % or EUR 195.5 million, whereas the number of salaried workers, recalculated into full-time units, grew by 1.4 % or 9.9 thousand, which is the sharpest growth rate recorded over the past four years.

In the 1st quarter of 2018, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, the average wages and salaries rose in all sectors. Wage and salary fund rose faster than the number of full-time employees in all sectors, except for electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation; wholesale and retail trade; as well as financial and insurance activities. Wage and salary fund in the mentioned sectors rose, while the number of full-time employees reduced.

At the beginning of the year, the sharpest rise in wages and salaries was recorded in human health and social work activities (of 15.7 %, with the fastest growth in human health activities), agriculture, forestry and fishing (11.5 %, with the fastest growth in crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities), accommodation and food service activities (11.1 %, with the faster growth in accommodation), real estate activities (10.8 %), manufacturing (10.6 %), and construction (10.3 %).

In the 1st quarter of 2018, the highest average wages and salaries for full-time work were registered in financial and insurance activities, information and communication, energy, public administration, professional, scientific and technical activities, as well as mining and quarrying. In other sectors, the average wages and salaries before taxes were below the national average.

The lowest earnings, in turn, were observed in accommodation and food service activities, other service activities (that includes activities of public and other organisations, repair of computers and personal and household goods, washing and (dry-)cleaning, hairdressing and other beauty treatment, funeral and related activities), education, arts, entertainment and recreation, as well as administrative and support service activities.

Average monthly gross wages and salaries in Q1 2017 and Q1 2018 and changes thereof

Compared to the 1st quarter of 2017, in the 1st quarter of 2018 regional breakdown shows the sharpest rise in the average monthly gross wages and salaries in Latgale (of 11.2 %), Vidzeme (10.0 %), as well as Kurzeme and Pierīga regions (9.2 % in each), while Zemgale region had the lowest annual rise (of 7.0 %). The lowest average gross wages and salaries still were observed in Latgale region – EUR 671 for full-time work, followed by Vidzeme with EUR 764, Zemgale with EUR 796, Kurzeme with EUR 800, whereas indicator registered in Pierīga region amounted to EUR 910. The average gross wages and salaries in Riga exceeded EUR 1000 already in 2017 and constituted EUR 1085 in the 1st quarter of 2018.

Average monthly gross wages and salaries in Q1 2017 and Q1 2018 by region

Information on the average wages and salaries is broken down by region based on the office address of enterprise or institution.

The data on earnings in the Baltic states show that in the 1st quarter of 2018 Estonia had the highest average gross wages and salaries – EUR 1242, followed by Latvia with EUR 961 and Lithuania with EUR 895.Compared to the 1st quarter of previous year, earnings have increased in all Baltic states. The sharpest rise was recorded in Lithuania (of 9.5 %), followed by Latvia (8.6 %) and Estonia (7.7 %).

It shall be noted that at the beginning of the year, minimum wage was raised in all three countries. In the 1st quarter of 2018, the highest minimum wage was registered in Estonia (EUR 500, with the annual rise of 6.4 %), Latvia (EUR 430 and 13.2 %), while the lowest was recorded in Lithuania (EUR 400, and 5.3 %). Minimum wage in Latvia and Lithuania constituted 45 % of the average earnings before taxes, while in Estonia the difference was smaller – 40 %.

More information on wages and salaries in Latvia is available in the CSB website section Wages and Salaries – Key Indicators. Data on wages and salaries in the 1st quarter of 2018 are published in the database section Wages and Salaries (Short term statistical data and Annual statistical data).

Methodological explanations

The data source used for wage and salary statistics is the sample survey of individual merchants, commercial companies, state and local government institutions, foundations, associations and funds, as well as administrative data sources.

The CSB calculations of average wages in public sector include central and local government institutions and their commercial companies, companies with central or local government capital participation of 50 % and over, excluding foundations, associations, funds, and their commercial companies.

According to the European System of Accounts, the general government sector includes central and local government institutions, social security fund, enterprises controlled and financed by the central and local governments.

The changes in the average monthly wages and salaries are calculated as not-rounded values, i.e., taking into account the value in euro cents.

When calculating the average monthly wages and salaries, the number of salaried employees is re-calculated into full-time units, thus eliminating the differences in salaries paid for different workloads ensuring comparability of indicators.

 

Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone:+371 67366621, +371 27880666

More information on data:
Lija Luste
Wage Statistics Section
E-mail: Lija [dot] Luste [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366917