Medium-sized and large agricultural holdings manage 63.6% of agricultural area

17.12.2014

According to the results of Farm Structure Survey 2013 compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB),  the number of medium-sized and large agricultural holdings had increased by 18.8% in 2013, altogether managing 63.6% of the total utilised agricultural area (hereinafter - AA). It is 17.7% more than in 2010.

Compared to 2010 the total number of holdings in 2013 had decreased by 1.9%, while the utilised AA had grown by 4.5%. In turn, the number of small agricultural holdings compared to 2010 had decreased by 3.8% and their managed utilised AA - by 12.6%.

Number of agricultural holdings and utilised AA by size of holding1

 

Number of holdings, thsd

Utilised AA, thsd ha

 

2010

Share

2013

Share

2010

Share

2013

Share

All holdings,

of which:

83.4

100%

81.8

100%

1796.3

100%

1877.7

100%

small

76.5

91.7%

73.6

90.0%

781.4

43.5%

683.0

36.4%

medium-sized

5.8

7.0%

6.8

8.3%

439.4

24.5%

471.4

25.1%

large

1.1

1.3%

1.4

1.7%

575.4

33.2%

723.3

38.5%

The average size of agricultural holdings had grown from 34.5 ha in 2010 to 37.4 ha in 2013, or by 8.4%. Compared to 2010 the utilised AA on average per holding increased by 1.5 ha or 12.0%. The average number of livestock per agricultural holding also increased in 2013. One livestock-breeding agricultural holding was breeding 14 cattle (of which 7 dairy cows), 29 pigs, 25 sheep, 6 goats and 231 poultry.

Average indicators characterising agricultural holdings

 

All holdings

Small

Medium-sized

Large

 

2010

2013

2010

2013

2010

2013

2010

2013

Total area, ha

34.5

37.4

21.2

21.5

100.6

92.7

630.9

589.2

AA, ha

23.2

24.9

11.8

11.1

77.2

95.0

542.3

507.7

Utilised AA, ha

21.5

23.0

10.2

9.3

75.5

69.8

536.3

502.6

Arable land, ha

13.4

14.7

3.4

3.0

55.8

48.2

500.0

455.6

Sown area, ha

12.5

14.0

3.1

2.8

52.0

45.4

471.8

436.0

Utilised meadows, ha

5.9

7.0

4.7

5.1

17.5

20.2

30.6

42.0

Number of cattle2

11.2

14.3

4.2

4.3

34.4

32.5

228.2

215.4

Regular labour force

2.2

2.1

2.0

1.9

3.0

2.7

11.8

9.8

Compared to 2010, in 2013 the number of the agricultural holdings specialising in dairying had increased by 26.6% (in 2013 - 13.0 thsd), specialising in crop and livestock production - by 9.7% (in 2013 - 12.4 thsd), and in field crops - by 7.0% (in 2013 - 38.0 thsd).

Agricultural holdings by type of farming in 2013

(of total number of holdings)

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

In 2013, 43.9% of all holdings produced agricultural products for sale, which is 0.4% more than in 2010. Only 3.3% of holdings sold all of their produced agricultural products (compared to 2013 – an increase of 1.1%), and 9.5% of holdings sold up to 25% of the produced agricultural products (in 2010 - 11.5%).

In 2013, 80.4 thsd holdings or 98.4% of the total number of agricultural holdings were owned by one natural person, of which 36.8 thsd or 45.7% were women. 1.2 thsd or 1.5% of agricultural holdings were joint-property holdings.

The educational level of managers of agricultural holdings has grown. If in 2010 only 5.9% of managers had higher agricultural education, in 2013 this number accounted for 6.7%. The share of managers with only practical experience in agricultural works has declined from 61.5% in 2010 to 58.4% in 2013.

More detailed results of Farm Structure Survey 2013 will be available in the CSB database on 30.12.2014.

 

Explanations:

In the European Union (EU) agricultural holdings are broken down into economic size groups: small holdings - holdings with standard output (SO) up to EUR 14.9 thsd, medium-sized holdings - SO from EUR 15.0 – EUR 99.9 thsd, and large holdings - SO over EUR 100 thsd.

Standard output –an indicator characterising the economic activity of an agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops or livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of the corresponding region and expressed in EUR. Total standard output characterises the economic size of a holding in monetary terms. To determine the economic size of a holding, the CSB uses the standard output per one hectare of agricultural crops and one livestock unit set by the State Institute of Agrarian Economics.

In cattle-breeding holdings.

 

More information:
Agricultural Statistics Section
Ilze Januška
Tel. 67366896