Material deprivation in households with children is improving

01.06.2015

According to the data of Central Statistical Bureau (CSB), in 2014, compared to 2009, share of households which could not afford to provide certain basic needs to all children due to lack of money has decreased.

In 2014 share of households which several times a year were not able to provide all their children below the age of 15 with opportunity to participate in regular recreational activities, for example, in swimming or music lessons, has decreased (from 21.0% in 2009 to 13.8% in 2014). 10.0% of households could not afford to invite child's friends home for a meal in 2014 (18.7% – in 2009). 

But the share of households which cannot afford to provide all their children with new clothes has increased (19.8% in 2009 to 21.0% in 2014) and two pairs of properly fitting shoes (from 8.3% in 2009 to 9.8% in 2014). 

Share of households with children below the age of 15 which, due to the lack of money, could not afford to provide all their children with certain basic needs in 2009 and 2014, as per cent

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

In households in rural areas, as compared to households in urban areas, it is significantly more complicated to provide children's basic needs. In 2014, 28.9% of households living in rural area could not afford to buy new clothes to all their children (in urban area – 17.4%), but 16.4% – books suitable for children's age (in urban area – 6.1%).

Share of households with children below the age of 15 which, due to the lack of money, could not afford to provide all their children with certain basic needs in urban and in rural area in 2014, as per cent

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Number of children in a family and family circumstances, i.e., either both parents are raising children, significantly affects ability of households to provide certain basic needs. Fresh fruit and vegetables in nutrition could not be provided by 2.7% of households where a couple is raising one child, 12.7% of households where a couple is raising three and more children and 13.4% of households where children are raised by one adult.

Share of households which could not afford certain children's basic needs by the type of household in 2014,as per cent

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

From 2010 until the beginning of 2015 number of children below the age of 17 reduced by 26 thousand or 7%. Since 2012 slight increasing trend in birth indicators was observed in Latvia and share of children below the age of 17 is increasing in the total number of population: from 17.1% at the beginning of 2013 until 17.6% at the beginning of 2015. The largest share of children in the total number of population is in Pierīga region (19.6%) and in Kurzeme (18.4%). The smallest share of children is in Latgale region – 16.2% and in Riga region (16.5%).

Information on ability of households to provide children's basic needs was obtained from EU-SILC survey in 2009 and 2014. Additionally to questions included in annual surveys, in 2009 and 2014 households were asked to estimate whether they are able to provide children's basic needs (of children below the age of 16).

On 1 June the world is celebrating International Day for Protection of Children, aim of which is to turn society's attention and to promote its understanding on children's rights.

 

More information:
Viktors Veretjanovs
Social Statistics Department
Income and Living Conditions Statistics Section
Tel. 67366609