On main livestock breeding indicators in Latvia

13.03.2006

The increase in production output in 2005 was on average higher than in 2004, according to the Central Statistical Bureau.

Production output in dairy farming, one of the main sectors of agriculture in Latvia, has increased: 810.3 thsd tons of milk were produced, up by 3% on the previous year. The decrease in the number of dairy cows observed in the past years was compensated in 2005 by a higher milk yield (by 0.6%). The average milk yield per cow in 2005 rose by 2.7% and reached 4364 kg. The percentage share of milk sold to milk procurement and processing enterprises is growing year by year and made up 70% of the milk produced in 2005, an increase of 9% compared to the previous year. This trend was due to the increase in the purchase prices and to the concentration of production although the dairy farming sector is still rather fragmentised. The average purchase price for milk in Latvia has increased and compared to 2004, it went up in 2005 by 18.4% reaching in December LVL 164.22 per ton. 

Compared to the previous period, meat production in 2005 increased by 4%. As has been already customary in recent years, the steepest increase was observed in the output of poultry meat, by 20.6%. The percentage share of poultry meat in the total meat production continues to increase and was as high as 22%. Pig meat in 2005 was produced by 4.5% more than in the previous year. The production of beef has, in turn, decreased by 5.3%, as has its percentage share in the total production, representing only 27%. 

Egg production continues to increase. In 2005, 545.7 mln eggs were produced, 3.5% up on the previous year. 

Compared to the end of the previous year, there was only a slight change in the number of cattle at the end of 2005: the number of cattle has increased by 3.8% and that of sheep has gone up by 7.6% whereas the number of pigs has decreased by 1.8%. It is noteworthy however that the number of animals for breeding has increased both in the cattle herds and pig herds. The number of poultry and goats has remained close to the level of the previous period.

Livestock production in all kinds of farms 

 

2004

2005

2005 as  % of 2004

Meat (live weight), thsd t

108.6

112.9

104.0

Milk (incl. goat milk)

786.4

810.3

103.0

Eggs, mln

527.4

545.7

103.5

 

Number of livestock and poultry in all kinds of farms at the end of the business year

(thsds)

 

 

2004

2005

2005 as  % of 2004

Cattle

371.1

385.2

103.8

of which dairy cows

186.2

185.2

99.4

Pigs

435.7

427.9

98.2

Sheep

38.6

41.6

107.6

Goats

14.7

14.9

101.0

Poultry

4049.5

4092.3

101.1

Horses

15.5

13.9

89.5

 

Prepared by the Agricultural Statistics Section
Talr.7366978
Edite Kublina