Main indicators of livestock farming in 2012

22.03.2013

Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that the number of cattle is growing - at the end of 2012 agricultural holdings were breeding 393.1 thousand cattle or 12.5 thousand heads more, as compared to the end of 2011. Rise in the cattle number was recorded in all cattle age groups: number of calves under 1 year has increased by 4.6 thousand or by 4.4%, number of heifers aged 1-2 years – by 2.9 thousand or by 5.2%, number of suckling cows – by 3.6 thousand or by 16.5%, and number of dairy cows – by 0.5 thousand or by 0.3%. Growth in total cattle number may be explained with the fact that holdings are getting ready for the abolition of milk quota planned in 2015 as well as with the fact that number of meat cattle herds has increased.

Number of sheep has risen by 4.0 thousand or by 5.0%.

Due to the loss of the pig-breeding sector competitiveness as prices of the means of production increased as well as due to the Russia decision on stopping import of live pigs for slaughtering from the EU Member states starting from 20 March 2012, the number of pigs during the year has diminished by 19.8 thousand or by 5.3%.

Number of livestock at the end of the year1 (thousand)

 

2011

20122

2012 in %, as compared to 2011

Cattle

380.6

393.1

103.3

 

of which dairy cows

164.1

164.6

100.3

Pigs

375.0

355.2

94.7

Sheep

79.7

83.6

105.0

Goats

13.4

13.3

99.3

Horses

11.5

10.9

95.2

In 2012, 78.6 thousand tons of meat were produced – 1.1% less as compared to 2011. This reduction was influenced by the drop in the beef and pork production – by 3.9% and 4.9%, respectively. Share of pork in the total meat amount accounted for 45.5%, while share of beef comprised 22.0%.

Production of poultry and sheep meat grew by 7.3% and 1.2%, respectively. Share of poultry meat in the total meat amount constituted 31.3%.

As purchase prices of beef and pork increased by 15.0% and 7.6%, respectively, the average purchase price of meat (at slaughter weight) rose from LVL 1163 per ton in 2011 to LVL 1290 per ton in 2012 or by 11.0%.

Number of dairy cows and goats almost did not change, while average milk yield per dairy cow grew by 186 kg or by 3.7%, thus the amount of milk produced (incl. goat milk) in 2012 increased by 28.6 thousand tons or by 3.4%, as compared to 2011.

In 2012, the amount of milk sold to the milk procurement and processing enterprises grew - 718.4 thousand tons of milk were purchased and it is 8.5% more than a year before. Share of sold milk in the total amount of produced milk has increased from 78.6% in 2011 to 82.5% in 2012.

Average purchase price of milk reduced from LVL 207 per ton in 2011 to LVL 191 per ton in 2012 or by 7.9%, reaching the lowest purchase price in August – LVL 174 per ton.

Production, purchase and average purchase price of milk

671.4 million eggs were produced in 2012, 0.9% more than a year before. One laying hen on average produced 277 eggs or 4.9% more than in 2011. The average sale price for eggs increased from LVL 3.99 per 100 eggs in 2011 to LVL 5.76 in 2012 or by 44.4%.

Output of livestock products

 

2011

20122

2012 in %, as compared to 2010

Meat (slaughter weight), thsd t

79.4

78.6

98.9

 

cattle

18.0

17.3

96.1

 

pig

37.6

35.7

95.1

 

poultry

23.0

24.6

107.3

Milk (incl. goat milk) thsd t

845.2

873.8

103.4

Eggs, mln pieces

665.4

671.4

100.9

 

Prepared by Agricultural Statistics Section
Lolita Lazda-Lazdiņa
Tel. 67366982

 


1 Data source for the information on number of cattle, sheep, goats and horses is State Agency Agricultural Data Centre.

2 Provisional data.