Main crop farming indicators in 2005

10.02.2006

The data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that the total sown area under cereals in 2005 increased considerably (by 32.3 thsd ha or 7.4%) in comparison with the previous year. Adequate humidity and air temperature that was higher than the medium temperature in June and July have had a favourable impact on the production of cereals. Compared to the previous year, the total harvest of cereals has increased by 254.8 thsd tons or 24.0% reaching 1.3 mln tons. The average output of cereals rose from 24.3 quintals per ha in 2004 to 28.0 quintals in 2005.

Compared with the previous year, the total harvest of winter cereals has increased by 77.4 thsd tons or 14.1% although only 96.1% of the sown area of the previous year was sown in 2005. It is noteworthy that the increase in the total harvest of winter crops was influenced by a considerable increase both in the productivity of wheat and sown area – the average yield of winter rye was as high as 37.7 quintals per ha, total harvest rose by 97.4 thsd tons or 24.3% and sown area increased by 2.9 thsd ha or 2.2%. Compared with the previous year, the total harvest of other winter crops has decreased; the decreases were 9.5 thsd tons or 9.9% for rye and 10.3 thsd tons or 24.5% for triticale. The total sown area under other winter crops has also decreased.

The share of spring crops in the structure of sown area under cereals has increased and the total sown area of spring crops in 2005 increased by 39.9 thsd ha or 16.5% in comparison with the previous year. The total harvest of cereal crops rose by 177.4 thsd tons or 34.7%. There was a considerable increase in the total sown area of summer wheat and barley as well as in the total harvest of these crops. The harvest of summer wheat increased in 2005 by 79.2 thsd tons or 79.9%, with sown area expanding by 35.9% and the harvest of barley rose by 82.3 thsd tons or 30%, with sown area increasing correspondingly by 18.1%. Of the spring crops, the average yield and harvest of mixed cereals was lower than in the previous year.

Compared with the previous year, there has been a decrease in the share of sown areas that had withered away or were not harvested. In 2005, 5.4 thsd ha or 1.2% of the sown area under cereals either withered away or were not harvested (in 2004, 21.1 thsd ha or 4.8%, respectively).

The data compiled on the purchase of grain by grain procurement and processing enterprises show that the purchase of grain in 2005 increased by 82.9 thsd tons or 18.3% in comparison with the previous year. The unfavourable weather conditions during the period have affected the quality of grain. The share of wheat for human consumption in the total amount of purchased wheat decreased to 40.6% in 2005 (64.3% in 2004). In 2005 the amount of wheat purchased for human consumption fell by 36.3 thsd tons and that of rye – by 28.5 thsd tons in comparison with the previous year. The average purchase price for grain was LVL 59.80 per ton, a decrease of LVL 5.47 compared to 2004. The purchase prices of wheat and rye for human consumption remained nearly at the level of the previous year, LVL 70.34 and LVL 60.90 per ton of grain.

The area under pulses continued to decrease in 2005, by 14.2% in comparison with the previous year and the total harvest fell by 1.0 thsd tons or 23.0%.

Sown areas under winter and summer rape increased in 2005, by 7.7. thsd ha or 51.0% and by 9.3 thsd ha or 23.6%, respectively, with the average yield per ha also growing simultaneously from 28.4 quintals for winter rape and 16.7 quintals for summer rape. The total harvest of rape has increased by 42.1 thsd tons or 40.6% in comparison with the previous year.

Areas under potatoes continued to decrease and in 2005 they fell by 3.8 thsd ha or 7.8%. Compared with the previous year, the average yield of potatoes grew to 145.9 quintals per ha in 2005 (128.5 quintals per ha in 2004) and the harvest of potatoes increased by 29.8 thsd tons or 4.7% compared with the previous year.

Compared to 2004, sown area under sugar beet has also slightly decreased (by 0.3 thsd ha or 2%). The average yield increased by 18 quintals per ha and this has influenced the growth of the total harvest by 14.3 thsd tons or 2.8%.

The areas of vegetables grown in the open have decreased by 0.6 thsd ha and the slight increase in the average yield from 121.9 quintals in 2004 to 123.1 quintals in 2005 did not ensure growth of the total output.

Also the total harvest of all kinds of vegetables, including those grown in the greenhouses has decreased by 8.6 thsd tons or 4.8%.

There were significant increases in the areas of perennial grass by 33.1 thsd ha or 20.4% for hay and 11.8 thsd ha or 23.8% for green feed and silage in comparison with the previous year.

Total harvest and average output of agricultural crops in all types of farms

  

Total harvest, thsd tons

Average output from 1 ha, quintals

2004

2005

2005, % compared with 2004

2004

2005 *)

Cereals

1059.5

1314.3

124.0

24.3

28.0

Winter crops

548.4

625.8

114.1

28.1

33.4

Spring crops

511.1

688.5

134.7

21.2

24.5

Pulses

4.5

3.5

77.0

17.4

15.6

Sugar beet

505.6

519.9

102.8

367

385

Rape

103.6

145.7

140.6

19.0

20.4

Potatoes

628.4

658.2

104.7

128

146

Vegetables

180.8

172.2

95.2

122

123

Fodder crops

130.1

88.3

67.9

232

233

Perennial grass hay

404.1

497.8

123.2

24.9

25.5

*) provisional data

Prepared by Agricultural and Environmental Statistics Section
Tel.  7366981
Guna Karlsone