On main agricultural indicators in Latvia

18.09.2006

Sown area for the harvest of 2006

Total sown area under agricultural crops for the harvest of 2006 has increased considerably, by 56.8 thsd ha or 5.7% in comparison with the previous year, according to the provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau.

The total area under cereal crops is increasing year by year and sown area under cereals for the harvest of 2006 has increased by 20.5 thsd ha or 4.4% compared to the previous year.

The area under winter cereals has increased by 13.0 thsd ha or 6.9% in comparison with the previous year (1.1 thsd ha or 2.8% for rye, 13.4 thsd ha or 10.1% for wheat and 0.8 thsd ha or 27.2% for barley). Sown area of triticale has, in turn, decreased by 2.4 thsd ha or 17.9%.

Sown area under spring cereals has increased by 7.5 thsd ha or 2.7% in comparison with the previous year. These increases were 2.4 thsd ha or 1.7% for barley, 3.2 thsd ha or 5.4% for oats, 1.0 thsd ha or 27.1% for mixed cereals and 2.6 thsd ha or 25.0% for buckwheat. Sown area of spring wheat remained nearly at the same level as in the previous year while sown area under cereals and mixed cereals and pulses has decreased by 1.6 thsd ha or 20%.

Sown area both of winter rape and spring rape continues to increase, by 4.2 thsd ha or 18.5% and 4.9 thsd ha or 10.0%, respectively.

Sown area under pulses continued to decrease in 2006, down by 39.2% on the previous year.

Owing to the EU sugar reforms, sown area under sugar beet has decreased considerably: sown area for the harvest of 2006 has decreased by 2.5 thsd ha or 18.8% compared to the previous year (in comparison with the previous year, sown area in 2005 decreased only by 0.3 thsd ha or 2%).

Fodder roots are likewise grown on a lesser scale than before and the respective sown area in 2006 decreased by 0.9 thsd ha or 24.1%.

Sown area under potatoes continues to decrease. In 2006 this decrease was 2.0 thsd ha or 4.5% in comparison with the previous year.

Open areas of vegetables have decreased by 1.9 thsd ha or 14.6%.

By contrast, sown area of forage crops has increased considerably, by 35.3 thsd ha or 9.5% compared to the previous year (of this, the increases were 31.6 thsd ha or 8.8% in the area of perennial grass and 3.0 thsd ha or 34.4% in the area of cereal crops and pulses for forage).

Area of agricultural crops
(thsd ha)

 

2005.

2006.*)

2006.g. % pret 2005.g.

Cereals

468.9

489.4

104.4

Winter cereals

187.4

200.4

106.9

Spring cereals

281.5

289.0

102.7

Pulses

2.2

1.4

60.8

Sugar beet

13.5

11.0

81.2

Rape

71.4

80.5

112.7

Potatoes

45.1

43.1

95.5

Vegetables

12.9

11.0

85.4

Forage crops

372.2

407.5

109.5

*) Provisional data

Livestock production and the number of livestock

The compiled provisional data on livestock production indicate an increasing trend in production output and purchase prices.

In the first half of 2006 54.1 thsd tons of meat were produced, an increase of 3.5 thsd tons or 6.9% on the corresponding period of the previous year.

16.6 thsd tons of beef and veal were produced. In comparison with the previous year the increase was 1.0 thsd tons or 6.2% although its percentage share in the total meat production has remained unchanged - 30.6%.

22.6 thsd tons of pork was produced in the first half of this year, a decrease of 0.4 thsd tons or 1.6% in comparison with the corresponding period of the previous year. The percentage share of this kind of meat has also decreased, however, its share is still the biggest (42.0%) in the total amount of meat produced.

In the first half of 2006 14.5 thsd tons of poultry meat were produced. The increase in production was 2.9 thsd tons or 24.8% and its percentage share in total meat production has increased up to 27% (23% in the corresponding period of the previous year).

379.4 thsd tons of milk were produced in the 1st half of 2006, an increase of 3.3 thsd tons or 0.9% on the corresponding period of the previous year.

Egg production in the 1st half of 2006 also increased: 284.0 mln eggs were produced, up by 9.4 mln or 3.4% on the corresponding period of the previous year.

267.6 thsd tons of milk were sold to the procurement and processing enterprises, an increase of 44.9 thsd tons or 20.2% on the first half of the previous year. The average purchase price of milk was LVL 165 per ton and in comparison with the same period last year the increase is 7.4%. There has also been an increase in the purchase price for meat: in the first half this year the average purchase price for meat in live weight was LVL 637 per ton. Compared with the first half of 2005, the increase is 3.6%. The average purchase price for beef in the first half this year was LVL 534 per ton, an increase of 4.6% compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. The purchase price of pork was LVL 747 per ton. The increase was only 1.6% in comparison with the first half of 2005.

There have been no substantial changes in the number of livestock. The number of cattle has increased slightly by 0.1%, as has the number of sheep - by 6.7%. The number of dairy cows has decreased a little, by 2.0%, as has the number of pigs (by 2.3%) and poultry (by 0.7%).

Number of livestock
(in thousands)

 

1 January 2006

1 July 2006 *)

1 July 2006 as % of 1 January 2006

Cattle

385.2

385.4

100.1

of which dairy cows

185.2

181.5

98.0

Pigs

427.9

418.0

97.7

Sheep

41.6

44.4

106.7

Goats

14.9

13.0

87.2

Poultry

4092.3

4064.4

99.3

Production of livestock products

 

1st half of 2005

1st half of 2006*)

2006 as %of 2005

Meat (live weight), thsd t

50.6

54.1

106.9

Milk (including goat milk), thsd t

376.1

379.4

100.9

Eggs, miln pieces

274.6

284.0

103.4

*) Provisional data

Prepared by the Agricultural Statistics Section
Tel. 7366981
Guna Karlsone