Last year increase in number of cattle, pigs and sheep, fewer horses and goats

24.03.2014

At the end of 2013 agricultural holdings were breeding 406.5 thousand cattle - 13.4 thousand heads or 3.4% more than a year before. According to the data of the Central Statistical Bureau rise in the cattle number was recorded in all cattle groups: number of calves under 1 year increased by 0.9 thousand or by 0.8%, number of heifers over one year - by 5.5 thousand or 7.0%, number of dairy cows – by 0.4 thousand or 0.3% and number of suckling cows – by 3.6 thousand or 14.1%.

Due to the growth of the pig-breeding sector competitiveness - fodder cost drop, meat purchase price rise, as well as investments in the modernisation of holdings, the number of pigs during the year increased by 12.3 thousand or 3.5%. The number of exported pigs in 2013 rose by 0.9%, while the number of imported pigs - dropped by 4.8%.

There was also a slight growth in the number of sheep - by 1.2 thousand or 1.5%. Decrease was recorded in the number of goats - of 0.7 thousand or 5.3%, as well as in the number of horses - of 0.2 thousand or 2.3%.

Number of livestock at the end of the year1 (thousand)

 

2012

20132

2013 as % over 2012

Cattle

393.1

406.5

103.4

 

of which dairy cows

164.6

165.0

100.3

Pigs

355.2

367.5

103.5

Sheep

83.6

84.8

101.5

Goats

13.3

12.6

94.7

Horses

10.9

10.7

97.7

80.3 thousand tons of meet were purchased in 2013, which is 2.2% more than a year before. It was affected by the growth in the production of poultry meat - of 8.9% and in the production of pork - of 0.6%. The share of these two types of meet in the total meat volume constituted 33.4% and 44.7%, respectively. Production of beef and mutton declined by 3.6% and 0.9%, accordingly. Share of beef in the total volume of meat comprised 20.8%.

As purchase price of beef decreased by 9.1% and purchase price of pork increased by 2.1%, the average purchase price of meat (at slaughter weight) dropped by 3.5% from EUR 1836 (LVL 1290) per ton in 2012 to EUR 1772 (LVL 1245) per ton in 2013.

The amount of milk produced (incl. goat milk) in 2013 comprised 915.1 thousand tons, which is an increase of 41.3 thousand tons or 4.7%, as compared to 2012. The average milk yield from dairy cow in 2013 reached 5508 kg, a growth of 258 kg or 4.9%, as compared to the year before.

735.7 thousand tons of milk were purchased within the framework of milk supply quota - 2.4% more than in 2012. Share of purchased milk in the total volume of produced milk decreased by 1.8% from 82.5% in 2012 to 80.7 % in 2013.

The average purchase price of milk grew from EUR 271 (LVL 190) per ton in 2012 to EUR 305 (LVL 214) in 2013 or by 12.5%, reaching the highest purchase price in December – EUR 336 (LVL 236) per ton.

Production, purchase and average purchase price of milk

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

629.5 million eggs were purchased in 2013, which is 6.2% less than a year before. One laying hen on average produced 273 eggs or 1.4% less than in 2012. The average sale price of eggs decreased from EUR 8.19 (LVL 5.76) per 100 eggs in 2012 to EUR 7.12 (LVL 5) in 2013 or by 13.1%.

Output of livestock products

 

2012

20132

2013 as % over 2012

Meat (slaughter weight), thsd t

78.6

80.3

102.2

 

beef and veal

17.3

16.7

96.4

 

pork

35.7

35.9

100.6

 

poultry meat

24.6

26.8

108.9

 other meat1.00.999.0

Milk (incl. goat milk), thsd t

873.8

915.1

104.7

Eggs, mln pieces

671.4

629.5

93.8

1 data source for the information on number of cattle, sheep, goats and horses is the State Agency Agricultural Data Centre
provisional data

 

Additional information:
Agricultural Statistics Section
Tel. +37167366982
Lolita Lazda-Lazdiņa