On Labour Force Survey results in the 3rd quarter of 2009

20.11.2009

The Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 3rd quarter of 2009. By means of random sampling 6 thsd households were selected and 8 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2009 is used.

Active population

The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.

Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of active population in 3rd quarter of 2009 has reduced by 4.2%. Almost two thirds (65.4%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 70.9% among men and 60.5% among women.

Employed population

Totally 953.9 thsd persons (53.4% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 8.5% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.). Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of employed population has reduced, as has the share of employed in the total number of population (1132.5 thsd persons and 63.0%, respectively).

In the total number of employed women constituted slightly higher share than men, 50.8% and 49.2%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For almost a half (48.6%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, per cent

1st quarter 2009

2nd quarter 2009

3rd quarter 2009

Employees

100,0

100,0

100,0

Up to LVL 200.00

31,9

35.4

34.4

of which:
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less2


17,1


18.2


18.9

LVL 200.01 – 300.00

24,2

26.7

28.7

LVL 300.01 – 500.00

27,1

24.0

21.2

LVL 500.01 – 1000.00

10,4

8.7

9.6

LVL 1000.01 and more

1,0

1.0

1.1

Was not calculated or paid

2,7

2.0

2.9

Not specified

2,7

2.2

2.1


Unemployed

Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in the 3rd quarter of 2009 there were 214.9 thsd unemployed or 18.4% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has grown compared to both corresponding period of previous year, when there were 87.3 thsd unemployed, and their share comprised 7.2%, and 2ndt quarter of 2009 (199.7 thsd unemployed and 16.7%). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 21.2% and 15.4%, respectively. Slightly more than one fourth (56.8 thsd or 26.4%) of the unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to the corresponding period of previous year their number has grown more than two times (by 34.1 thsd). In current economic situation when employers are reducing number of employees in their businesses and in labour market demand for the labour force is reducing, the number of unemployed having work experience is decreasing. In the 3rd quarter of 2009 there were 184.0 thsd unemployed having previous work experience or 85.6% of the total number of unemployed, but year before this indicators comprised 65.2 thsd and 74.6%.

Inactive population

Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 3rd quarter of 2009 there were 617.6 thsd inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period of previous year their number has grown by 7.1%.

Of these, pensioners in the 3rd quarter of 2009 accounted for more than two fifths (44.4%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (27.1%), every eleventh (9.0%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled; every ninth (7%) considered themselves as housekeepers.

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 40.3 thsd persons who have been discouraged to find a job (6.5% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to the 3rd quarter of 2008 the number of persons who have been discouraged has increased almost three times (by 26.0 thsd).

More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.

The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States


Employment rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

Latvia

Lithuania

Estonia

Latvia

Lithuania

Estonia

2008

1st quarter

63.3

57.3

63.2

6.5

4.9

4.2

2nd quarter

63.6

58.1

63.2

6.3

4.5

4.0

3rd quarter

63.0

58.6

63.6

7.2

6.0

6.2

4th quarter

60.4

57.3

63.0

9.9

7.9

7.6

2009

1st quarter

58.6

54.8

59.3

13.9

11.9

11.4

2nd quarter

55.9

54.3

57.3

16.7

13.6

13.5

3rd quarter

53.4

...

...

18.4

...

...

Persons aged 15-74
Data source: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat
… data on the 3rd quarter of 2009 are not available yet

_________________________________________
1 in 2009 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 180.

 

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Zaiga Priede
Tel. 67366886