On Labour Force Survey results in 2nd quarter of 2012


The Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) has compiled Labour Force Survey results on labour status of population1 (aged 15-74) and situation in the labour market in the 2nd quarter of 2012.

Active population

The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job. Compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, the number of active population in the 2nd quarter of 2012 has increased by 1%. Two thirds (66.5%) of the population in this age group were economically active; this indicator comprised 70.9% among men and 62.6% among women.

Employed population

Altogether 877.4 thousand persons (55.7% of the total number of population aged 15-74) were employed in the country. Only 4.9% of them did not work due to various reasons (vacation, illness, childcare leave, studies). Both the number of the employed population and the share of the employed in the total population in the reference quarter has increased, if compared to both -  the corresponding period of the previous year (in the 2nd quarter of 2011, 858.5 thousand persons and 53.8%), and the previous quarter (in the 1st quarter of 2012 this number comprised 857.6 thousand persons and 54.5%). According to the methodology of the Labour Force Survey, the number of the employed population includes 7.1 thousand persons, who still having the status of the unemployed during the reference week were employed. i.e., participated in complex support activities organised by the State Employment Agency, took part in active employment project Activities for Certain Groups of Persons, as well as participated in the programme Paid Temporary Community Work.

Women in the total number of the employed constituted a slightly higher share than men - 51% and 49%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and this is the reason for survey respondents to indicate several sources of income. The main source of income for the half (49.9%) of the population in the corresponding age group was wages and salaries.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wage and salary in the main job, per cent



2nd quarter 2011

1st quarter 2012

2nd quarter 2012





Up to LVL 200.00





of which:

employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries

or less2




LVL 200.01 – 300.00




LVL 300.01 – 500.00




LVL 500.01 – 1000.00




LVL 1000.01 and more




Was not calculated or paid




Not specified






Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding a job were able to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both the unemployed registered with the State Employment Agency and persons seeking a job with other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in the 2nd quarter of 2012 there were 168.9 thousand unemployed persons or 16.1% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed).The number of the unemployed and their share in the active population during this period has decreased as compared to the 2nd quarter of the previous year, when there were 177.3 thousand unemployed persons, and their share comprised 17.1%. As compared to the previous quarter, the number of the unemployed has slightly grown (in the 1st quarter of 2012 it comprised 166.7 thsd persons), whereas the share of the unemployed has dropped (in the 1st  quarter of 2012 it constituted 16.3%). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly) constituting 17.2% and 15.1%, respectively.

Slightly more than a half (91.4 thousand or 54.1%) of the unemployed were long-term unemployed.Compared to the corresponding period a year ago, this number has decreased by 4.2 thousand. In the current economic situation the number of the unemployed having previous work experience is still high. In the 2nd quarter of 2012 there were 143.4 thousand unemployed persons having previous work experience or 84.9% of the total number of the unemployed, while a year ago this indicators comprised 151.7 thousand persons and 85.6%, respectively.

Inactive population

A part of the population who are not regarded as labour force (employed and unemployed)is inactive population (pensioners, pupils, students, housekeepers, disabled, persons with long-standing diseases etc.). In the 2nd quarter of 2012 there were 527.8 thousand inactive persons, and, if compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, this number has decreased by 5.7%.

Of these, pensioners in the 2nd quarter of 2012 accounted for almost a half (46.4%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (26.8%), every eleventh (8.9%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled; and the same number of persons considered themselves as housekeepers.

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job.The survey results show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 25.4 thousand persons who have been discouraged to find a job(4.8% of the total number of inactive population).As compared to the 2nd quarter of 2011, this number has dropped by 8.2 thousand.

Employment rate and unemployement rate, per cent

More information on the Labour Force Survey results and methodology is available in the CSB data base


Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Zaiga Priede


¹ 6.6 thousand persons aged 15-74 were surveyed.Extrapolation of the survey data is based on the number of population at the beginning of 2012, calculated according to the Population and Housing Census data.

2 Net wages and salaries are calculated on the basis of minimum gross wages and salaries.In 2011 and 2012 the minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 200.