On Labour Force Survey results in 2nd quarter of 2010
The CSB has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on the 2nd quarter of 2010. By means of random sampling 6 thsd households were selected and 7.4 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2010 is used.
The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.
Compared to the corresponding period of previous year the number of active population in 2nd quarter of 2010 has reduced by 3.1%. Almost two thirds (65.5%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 69.5% among men and 62% among women.
Totally 935.9 thsd persons (52.8% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 5.7% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.). Both the number of employed population and share of employed in the total population in the reference quarter has diminished, if compared to the corresponding period of previous year (in 2nd quarter of 2009 999.3 thsd persons and 55.9%), but in comparison with the previous quarter it has grown (in 1st quarter of 2010 the number comprised 916.7 thsd persons and 51.7%). According to the methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 22.7 thsd people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, as well as starting with September 2009 participated programme ‘’Work practice in local governments with stipend of LVL 100’’).
Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 52.1% and 47.9%, respectively.
The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For almost a half (46.8%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.
Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries in the main job, per cent
2nd quarter 2009
1st quarter 2010
2nd quarter 2010
Up to LVL 200.00
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries
LVL 200.01 – -300.00
LVL 300.01 – -500.00
LVL 500.01 – -1000.00
LVL 1000.01 and more
Was not calculated or paid
Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.
The results of the survey show that in the 2nd quarter of 2010 there were 225.8 thsd unemployed or 19.4% of the active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has grown, if compared to the corresponding period of previous year, when there were 199.7 thsd unemployed, and their share comprised 16.7%, but compared to the 1st quarter of 2010 the number has reduced (235.4 thsd persons and 20.4%, respectively). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 22.7% and 16.2%, respectively.
Registered unemployment rate in the country in the 2nd quarter of 2010 comprised 16.5%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.
Two fifths (93.8 thsd or 41.6%) of the total number of unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to the corresponding period a year before, their number has grown almost two times (by 45.6 thsd). In current economic situation the number of employed having previous work experience is still high. In the 2nd quarter of 2010 there were 195 thsd unemployed having previous work experience or 86.4% of the total number of unemployed, but year before this indicators comprised 182.2 thsd and 91.2%, respectively.
Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 2nd quarter of 2010 there were 611.2 thsd inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period of previous year their number has grown by 4.1%.
Of these, pensioners in the 2nd quarter of 2010 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (44.2%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (28.4%), every eleventh (8.9%) considered themselves as housekeepers, every fourteenth (7.2%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.
Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 44.1 thsd persons who have been discouraged to find a job (7.2% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to the 2nd quarter of 2009, the number of persons, who have been discouraged, has slightly increased (by 0.9 thsd).
More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.
The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States
Employment rate, %
Unemployment rate, %
Data source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
… data on the 2nd quarter of 2010 are not available yet
1 in 2009 and 2010 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 180.
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