On Labour Force Survey results in 2009

22.03.2010

The CSB has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on 2009. By means of random sampling 24.1 thsd households were selected and 32.3 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2009 is used.

Active population

The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.

In comparison with 2008, in 2009 the number of economically active population decreased by 2.3%. Two thirds (66.5%) of the population in this age group were economically active; this indicator comprised 71.4% among men and 62.1% among women.

Employed population

Totally 986.7 thsd persons (55.2% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 5.7% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.). Compared to the previous year, the number of employed population in 2009 has reduced, as has the share of employed in the total number of population (in 2008 1124.1 thsd persons and 62.6%, respectively). According to methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population included 10.5 thsd people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, worked salaried temporary jobs, starting with September had work practice in local governments receiving stipend of LVL 100).

In the total number of employed women constituted slightly higher share than men - 51.3% and 48.7%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For slightly more than a half (50.5%) of the population aged 15 to 74 wages and salaries were the most important of the income sources.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, per cent1

2008

2009

Employees

100,0

100,0

Up to LVL 200.00

26,6

34,9

 

of which:
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less2

9,9

18,9

LVL 200.01 – -300.00

22,6

26,5

LVL 300.01 – -500.00

24,3

23,5

LVL 500.01 – -1000.00

8,8

9,4

LVL 1000.01 and more

0,9

0,9

Was not calculated or paid

3,6

2,6

Not specified

13,2

2,2


 

Unemployed

Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in 2009 there were 200.7 thsd unemployed or 16.9% of the economically active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Compared to the previous year, the number of unemployed in 2009 has increased (91.6 thsd persons in 2008), as has the share of unemployed in the total number of economically active population (in 2008 this indicator was 7.5%). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 20% and 13.8%, respectively. Slightly more than one fourth (52.9 thsd or 26.4%) of the unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to 2008, their number has grown more than two times (by 29.8 thsd). In current economic situation when employers are reducing number of employees in their businesses and in labour market demand for the labour force is reducing, the number of unemployed having work experience is decreasing. In 2009 there were 176.9 thsd unemployed having previous work experience or 88.1% of the total number of unemployed, but in 2008 this indicators comprised 80.4 thsd and 87.7%.

Inactive population

Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In 2009 there were 599 thsd inactive persons, and if compared to 2008 their number has grown by 3.2%.

Of these, pensioners in 2009 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (42%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were almost every third (30.1%), every eleventh (9%) considered themselves as housekeepers, slightly less (8.9%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that in 2009 in the country there were 38.7 thsd persons who have been discouraged to find a job (6.5% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to 2008, the number of persons who have been discouraged has increased more than two times (by 22.1 thsd).

More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.

The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States


Employment rate (15-64), %

Unemployment rate (15-74), %

2008

2009

2008

2009

Latvia3

68,6

61,1

7,5

16,9

Lithuania4

64,3

60,1

5,8

13,7

Estonia5

69,5

63,2

5,5

13,8



_________________________________________
1 – In 2009 for those persons who in the Labour Force Survey did not specify range of wages and salaries were supplemented with the information on wages and salaries from State Revenue Service.
2 – In 2008 minimum monthly wage and salaries comprised LVL 160, but in 2009 - LVL 180.
3 - CSB data
4 - www.stat.gov.lt
5 - www.stat.ee

 

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Zaiga Priede
Tel. 67366886