On Labour Force Survey results in 2008

23.03.2009

The CSB has compiled the Labour Force Survey results on 2008. By means of random sampling 24.1 thsd households were selected and 30.7 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population economic activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the calculated number of population at the beginning of 2008 is used.

Active population

The economically active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job and are at age of 15 to 74 years.

In comparison with 2007, in 2008 the number of economically active population increased by 2.1%. Two thirds (67.7%) of the population in this age group were economically active; this indicator comprised 73.7% among men and 62.4% among women.

Employed population

Totally 1124.1 thsd persons (62.6% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 5.1% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave, studies). Compared to the previous year, the number of employed in 2008 has increased (1119 thsd persons in 2007), as has the share of employed in the total number of population (in 2007 this indicator was 62.0%).

In 2008 the percentage of men in the total number of employed population was slightly higher than that of women - 50.8% and 49.2%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. Compiled results show that most important of the income sources was wages and salaries which were received by 57.4% of the population aged 15-75.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, %

2007

2008

100.0

100.0

Up to LVL 200.00

38.7

26.6

of which:

Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less1

9.4

9.9

LVL 200.01 – 300.00

22.9

22.6

LVL 300.01 – 500.00

17.7

24.3

LVL 500.01 – 1000.00

4.7

8.8

LVL 1000.01 and more

0.4

0.9

Was not calculated or paid

3.3

3.6

Not specified

12.3

13.2

Unemployed

Persons aged 15-74, who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in 2008 there were 91.6 thsd unemployed or 7.5% of the economically active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Compared to the previous year, the number of unemployed in 2008 has increased (72.1 thsd persons in 2007), as has the share of unemployed in the total number of economically active population (in 2007 this indicator was 6.0%). In 2008 the share of unemployed men in the total number of economically active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of economically active women, correspondingly), constituting 8.1% and 7.0%, respectively. Almost one fourth (25.3%) were long-term unemployed.

Inactive population

Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are economically inactive. The number of such persons in 2008 was 580.6 thsd and, compared to the corresponding period of previous year, this number has decreased by 5.2% (in 2007 this indicator comprised 612.6 thsd).

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. The results of the survey show that the number of discouraged persons in 2008 was 16.6 thsd or 2.9% of the economically inactive population. In comparison with 2007, their number has decreased by 3.2 thousand.

Of these, pensioners in 2008 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (41%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied and did not work were every third (31.2%), every tenth (9.7%) considered themselves as housekeepers, every twelfth (8.7%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.

More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, %

 

Employment level (15-64),%

Rate of unemployed (15-74),%

2007

2008

2007

2008

Latvia2

68.4

68.6

6.0

7.5

Lithuania3

64.9

64.3

4.3

5.8

Estonia4

69.1

69.5

4.7

5.5

1 - In 2007 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 120, in 2008 minimum monthly wages and salaries constituted LVL 160.

2 - CSB data

3 - www.stat.gov.lt

4 - www.stat.ee

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Tel. +371 67366886
Zaiga Priede