On Labour Force Survey results in 1st quarter of 2010

14.05.2010

The CSB has developed the provisional results of the Labour Force Survey on the 1st quarter of 2010. By means of random sampling 6 thsd households were selected and 7.6 thsd persons aged 15-74 years were interviewed. Therefore the results on situation in labour market and population activity include this age group. In order to generalize the survey data, the number of population (aged 15-74) at the beginning of 2010 is used.

Active population

The active population or labour force consists of employed persons and persons who are actively seeking a job.

Compared to the corresponding period of previous year, the number of active population in 1st quarter of 2010 has reduced by 5.2%. Almost two thirds (65%) of the population in this age group were active; this indicator comprised 69.5% among men and 61% among women.

Employed population

Totally 916.7 thsd persons (51.7% of the total number of population aged 15-74 years) in the country were employed. Only 4.9% of them did not work due to various reasons (vocation, illness, childcare leave of up to 3 months, etc.). Compared to the corresponding period of previous year, the number of employed population has reduced, as has the share of employed in the total number of population (in 1st quarter of 2009 1046.7 thsd persons and 58.6%, respectively). According to methodology of Labour Force Survey the number employed population includes 21.2 thsd people, which still having the status of unemployed during the reference week were employed (participated in complex support activities, took part in active employment project ‘’Activities for certain groups of persons’’, starting with September 2009 had work practice in local governments receiving stipend of LVL 100).

Women in the total number of employed constituted slightly higher share than men - 53% and 47%, respectively.

The livelihood of the population usually comes from various sources of income, and because of this during the survey respondents indicated several sources of income. For almost a half (45.7%) of the population in the corresponding age group main source of income was wages and salaries.

Employees by monthly net (after taxes) wages and salaries, per cent

 

1st quarter 2009

4th quarter 2009

1st quarter 2010

Employees

100.0

100.0

100.0

Up to LVL 200.00

32.0

39.8

44.4

 

of which:
Employees receiving minimum monthly wages and salaries or less1

 

17.1

22.5

25.2

LVL 200.01 – -300.00

24.2

27.4

23.2

LVL 300.01 – -500.00

27.1

20.6

19.2

LVL 500.01 – -1000.00

10.4

7.5

6.6

LVL 1000.01 and more

1.0

0.5

1.1

Was not calculated or paid

2.6

2.4

4.1

Not specified

2.7

1.8

1.4

Unemployed

Persons who in the reference week did not work and were not temporarily absent from work (vacation, illness, etc,), and who during the last four weeks were actively seeking a job, and in case of finding it were prepared to start working within the next two weeks are considered as unemployed. Of which both unemployed registered in State Employment Agency and persons seeking for a job with using other opportunities.

The results of the survey show that in the 1st quarter of 2010 there were 235.4 thsd unemployed or 20.4% of the economically active population in Latvia (both employed and unemployed). Number of unemployed and their share in active population during this period has grown compared to both corresponding period of previous year, when there were 168.8 thsd unemployed, (and their share comprised 13.9%) and 4th quarter of 2009 (229.4 thsd unemployed and 19.7%, respectively). The share of unemployed men in the total number of active men in the country was higher than that of women (in the share of active women, correspondingly), constituting 25.7% and 15.1 %, respectively. Registered unemployment rate in the country in the 1st quarter of 2010 comprised 16.8%, according to the data calculated on the basis of the State Employment Agency information.

Almost two fifths (91.1 thsd or 38.7%) of the total number of unemployed were long-term unemployed. Compared to the corresponding period a year before, their number has grown slightly more than two times (by 49.3 thsd). In current economic situation when employers are reducing number of employees in their businesses and in labour market demand for the labour force is reducing, the number of unemployed having work experience is decreasing. In the 1st quarter of 2010 there were 210.3 thsd unemployed having previous work experience or 89.3% of the total number of unemployed, but a year before this indicators comprised 152.4 thsd and 90.3%.

Inactive population

Apart from the employed and unemployed there is a part of the population who are not regarded as labour force and consequently they are inactive. In the 1st quarter of 2010 there were 620.8 thsd inactive persons, and if compared to the corresponding period of previous year, their number has grown by 8.7%.

Of these, pensioners in the 1st quarter of 2010 accounted for slightly more than two fifths (43.6%), pupils and students who in the reference week studied full time and did not work were every fourth (27.8%), every tenth (10%) considered themselves as housekeepers, every thirteenth (7.9%) were persons who had been ill for a long time or disabled.

Particular attention in this group should be paid to persons who are potential unemployed, but have been discouraged or do not know where and how to find a job. Results of the survey show that during the reference quarter in the country there were 60.5 thsd persons who have been discouraged to find a job (9.7% of the total number of inactive population). Compared to the 1st quarter of 2009 the number of persons, who have been discouraged, has increased two times (by 31.4 thsd).

More information on Labour Force Survey results is available in the data base of CSB Web Page.

The main indicators of Labour Force Survey in the Baltic States

 

Employment rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

 

Latvia

Lithuania

Estonia

Latvia

Lithuania

Estonia

2009

      

1st quarter

58,6

54,8

59,3

13,9

11,9

11,4

2nd quarter

55,9

54,3

57,3

16,7

13,6

13,5

3rd quarter

53,4

54,2

57,7

18,4

13,8

14,6

4th quarter

52,2

52,7

56,1

19,7

15,6

15,5

2010

      

1st quarter

51,7

20,4

Persons aged 15-74
Data source: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
… data on the 1st quarter of 2010 are not available yet.

 

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Zaiga Priede
Tel. 67366886

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1 in 2009 and 2010 minimum monthly wages and salaries comprised LVL 180.