Indicators of transport in 2005

15.03.2006

In 2005, 60.1 mln tons of freight were carried by rail, an increase of 7.5% compared to 2004, according to the Central Statistical Bureau. Freight transportation by rail is carried out by three enterprises; of these one enterprise carries national and international freight while two enterprises carry only national freight.

In January-December 2005 national freight haulage by rail accounted for 7.9 mln tons of freight, an increase of 7.8% compared to the corresponding period of 2004. International freight transportation in the twelve months of 2005 totalled 52.2 mln tons, 7.4% up on 2004. 77.7% of the total international freight haulage were accounted for by transportation through ports. 39.7 mln tons of freight were transported by rail to ports, an increase of 5.5% compared to 2004. By contrast, freight carried by rail from the ports has decreased by 12.5% in comparison with the previous year and represented 0.9 mln tons of freight.

Oil in 2005 was transported only to the Ma˛eikiai Oil Refinery. The volume of oil transported via oil pipeline slightly increased in the twelve months of 2005. 14.8 mln tons of oil were transported by oil pipeline, 6.6% up on January-December 2004. By contrast, the volume of oil products transported by oil products pipeline has decreased. 5.5 mln tons of oil products were transported by the oil products pipeline in 2005, 1.1% down on the previous year.

Freight transport by road increased in 2005. 51.5 mln tons of freight were carried by this mode of transport in the twelve months of 2005, an increase of 7.3 mln tons or 16.4% compared to January-December 2004. The bulk (90.5%) of the total volume of freight was carried by the national transport. 46.6 mln tons were carried in this period by the national transport, an increase of 14.7% on 2004. International freight transport by road also increased in January-December 2005. 4.9 mln tons of freight were carried by international road transport in the twelve months of 2005, 36.2% more than in the corresponding period of the previous year. The highest increase was in the volume of freight carried in foreign countries by lorries registered in Latvia. The volume of freight carried in foreign countries in 2005 by the lorries registered in Latvia was 1.1 mln tons, an increase of 1.9 times compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. The volume of imported freight haulage in January-December 2005 was 1.8 mln tons, up by 36.9% on the corresponding period of the previous year. The volume of exported freight in the twelve months of 2005 increased and was 2.1mln tons, up by 18.8% on January-December 2004.

Freight by road is carried both for own account and for hire or reward. 43.2% of freight were carried for own account. In the 12months of 2005 22.2 mln tons of freight were carried for own account, an increase of 3.9% compared to January-December 2004. Of the total own account freight haulage, 98.8% were carried by the national transport. In January-December 2005, 29.3 mln tons of freight were carried for hire or reward, up by 28.2% on the corresponding period of the previous year. The bulk of this freight (84.2%) was also carried by the national transport.

Compared with the previous year, passenger transport by road in 2005 has increased. In January-December 2005 regular bus traffic lines carried 214.1 mln passengers, up by 9.4% compared to the corresponding period of 2004. The majority of passengers (99.7%) were carried by the national bus traffic. Compared with January-December 2004, the number of passengers carried by the national bus transport has increased by 9.4%. Of the total number of passengers carried by the national bus transport, the majority (77.7%) was carried by urban bus. 165.9 mln passengers were carried by urban bus, up by 13.7% on the twelve months of 2004. 20 mln passengers were carried by interurban bus in January-December 2005, an increase of 1.8% on the previous year. 27.6 mln passengers were carried by suburban bus in 2005. Compared to January-December, the number of passengers carried by suburban bus has decreased by 6.4%. The number of passengers carried by international bus lines has also decreased. 0.6 mln passengers were carried, down by 13.2%.

In 2005 182.3 mln passengers were carried by urban electrified transport, an increase of 3% on 2004. In January-December 2005 90.9 mln passengers were transported by tram, an increase of 3.4% on January-December 2004, and 91.4 mln passengers were carried by trolley bus, an increase of 2.7% compared to the corresponding period of the previous year.

The number of passengers carried by rail in January-December 2005 has increased. In 2005 25.9 mln passengers were carried by rail, an increase of 8.8% on 2004. The number of passengers carried by the national and international rail transport has increased. 25.5 mln passengers were carried by the national rail transport in the twelve months of 2005, an increase of 8.8% compared to the corresponding period of the previous year. 0.4 mln passengers were carried by the international rail transport in 2005, up by 7.4% on January-December 2004.

Prepared by the Transport and Tourism Statistics Section
Edite Miezite
tel. +371 7366810