Indicators to supplement unemployment on 2010

28.12.2011

Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) in cooperation with the Member States has worked out three new indicators supplementing the information on unemployment:

  • underemployed part-time workers;
  • persons seeking work but not immediately available;
  • persons available to work but not seeking.

Results of the Labour Force Survey conducted by the CSB show that in 2010 there were 940.9 thousand employed persons. Every tenth (91.1 thousand) employed was working part-time, of which 59.3 thousand persons were underemployed part-time workers1.  Almost three fifths (59.4%) of them were comprised by women, but males constituted 40.6%. Slightly more than a half (55.4%) of underemployed part-time workers could not find full-time work.

In 2010 there were 216.1 thousand unemployed persons in the country. The share of unemployed in the total active population comprised 18.7%. In compliance with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) methodology, the persons without work, actively seeking work and available to start work immediately are considered as unemployed.

The LFS data show that in 2010 in the country there were 615.8 thousand inactive persons (individuals that can be considered neither as employed, nor as active unemployed). 5.1 thousand of them were persons seeking work but not immediately available2, but 93 thousand were persons available to work but not seeking3.The both groupings (98.1 thousand persons) comprise potential additional labour force.

Usually persons seeking work but not immediately available have not graduated their studies, are short-term disabled or are not immediately available due to family reasons.

Persons available to work but not seeking are mentioning studies, own illness or disability, family reasons as well as the fact that they have been discouraged to find a job as the mains reasons for not seeking work. Persons available to work but not seeking mostly are young people and retired.

The survey data show that the share of women in all the new labour market indicators is higher than that of men. The highest share of women (70.3%) was recorded among persons seeking work but not immediately available. The number constituted 59.4% among underemployed part-time workers. But among persons available to work but not seeking the share of women was only slightly higher then the share of men (51.4% and 48.6%, respectively).

Indicators to supplement unemployment on the Baltic States, 2010

 

 

Unemployed

Underemployed part-time workers

Persons seeking work but not immediately available

Persons available to work but not seeking

thsd persons

share in total active population, %

thsd persons

share in total active population, %

thsd persons

share in total active population, %

thsd persons

share in total active population, %

Latvia

216.1

18.7

59.3

5.1

5.1

0.4

93.0

8.0

Lithuania

291.1

17.8

37.6

2.3

16.4

1.0

29.5

1.8

Estonia

115.9

16.9

12.5

1.8

2.1n

0.3n

40.6

5.9

Persons aged 15-74
n - data are based on small number of respondent answers.
Data source: Eurostat


Number of part-time workers in the Baltic States, 2010

 

 

Underemployed part-time workers

Share of part-time workers in total number of employed, %

thsd persons

share in total number of part-time workers, %

share in total number of employed, %

Latvia

59.3

65.1

6.3

9.7

Lithuania

37.6

34.9

2.8

8.0

Estonia

12.5

20.0

2.2

11.0

Persons aged 15-74
Data source: Eurostat

More information on new indicators to supplement unemployment is available in the Eurostat webpage data base.
 

Prepared by the Employment Statistics Section
Zaiga Priede
Tel. 67366886


Definitions of indicators to supplement unemployment:

1 Underemployed part-time workers are persons aged 15-74 working part-time which wish to work additional hours and are available to do so within the next two weeks.

2 Persons seeking work but not immediately available are persons aged 15-74 neither employed norunemployed who are actively seeking work during the last 4 weeks, butnot available for work in the next 2 weeks.

3 Persons available to work but not seeking are persons aged 15-74 neither employed nor unemployed who want to work, are available for work in the next 2 weeks but do not seek work.


 

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