Increase in volume of electricity produced in CHP plants

20.05.2016

Latest data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that, in 2015 combined heat and power (CHP) plants produced 3 526.8 gigawatt hours (GWh) of electricity (17 % more than in 2014) comprising 63 % of the total volume of electricity generated in Latvia. Last year, 5 540.4 GWh of heat were produced in CHP plants – 72 % of the total heat produced in the country.

Last year, there were 183 active CHP plants – 8 CHP plants more than in 2014.  Total installed electrical capacity of CHP plants accounted for 1 275.1 megawatts (MW) in 2015; it has doubled since 2007 and grown by 9.8 MW, as compared to 2014.

Indicators characterising activities of CHP plants, 2015

Installed electrical capacity of CHP plants

Number of CHP plants

Total installed electrical capacity, MW

Electricity produced, GWh

Heat produced, GWh

TOTAL

183

1 275.1

3 526.8

5 540.4

0.2 MW or less

21

3.1

18.4

38.6

0.2–0.5 MW  

37

14.2

81.4

134.7

0.5–1 MW 

62

50.3

332.2

634.5

1–5 MW 

56

130.0

800.1

1 695.5

5–20 MW 

3

27.7

105.6

186.1

20 MW or more

4

1 049.8

2 189.1

2 851.0

 

In Latvia there are four CHP plants with installed electrical capacity over 20 MW, comprising 82 % of the total installed electrical capacity of the CHP plants. Electricity produced in these CHP plants accounted for 62 % of the total volume of electricity produced. Three of the plants were located in Riga, one – in Zemgale region.

In 2015, CHP plants in Riga had the highest installed electrical capacity – 1 060.0 MW or 83 % of the total installed electrical capacity of the CHP plants. The CHP plant in Zemgale region had the second highest installed electrical capacity – 60.6 MW that is 2 % more than in 2014. In 2015, the lowest installed electrical capacity (27.6 MW) was recorded in Vidzeme region – a drop of 3 %, as compared to 2014.

The bulk of CHP plants using renewable energy sources (RES) was located in Vidzeme and Zemgale region. For instance, in 2015 installed electrical capacity of RES-fuelled CHP plants in Vidzeme constituted 23.2 MW or 79 % of the total installed electrical capacity in this region.

Electrical capacity of and fuel consumed in CHP plants in Latvia regions, 2015

Natural gas is the main energy source used for production of electricity and heat in Latvian CHP plants. In 2015, 78 % of electricity and 68 % of heat were produced in CHP plants by using natural gas; electrical capacity thereof accounted for 1 147.1 MW.

Installed electrical capacity of CHP plants by type of fuel consumed, 2010–2015 (%)

Fuel type

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Natural gas

98.1

96.9

93.8

91.2

90.1

90.0

Fuelwood

0.5

0.4

1.7

4.3

5.0

5.1

Biogas

1.1

2.4

4.2

4.2

4.6

4.7

Other

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.2

 

During the last five years, consumption of natural gas in CHP plants has been reducing. In 2010, natural gas took 98.1 % of the installed electrical capacity of CHP plants, whereas in 2015 those were 90.0 %. RES share consumed by CHP plants has grown by 3.9 % during the last three years. Since 2007, installed electrical capacity of RES-fuelled CHP plants has went up 13 times, reaching 124.9 MW in 2015. Volume of electricity produced in RES-fuelled CHP plants grew 17 times, reaching 768.5 GWh that is 22 % of the total volume of electricity produced in CHP plants.

Installed electrical capacity of CHP plants, MW

Electricity produced in CHP plants,GWh

The notable increase in the volume of electricity produced in RES-fuelled CHP plants is related to the state aid programmes aimed at ensuring share of RES in gross energy consumption of 40 % (Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources) and reducing Latvian energy dependence upon energy resource imports.

Data on activities of CHP plants will be available on June 20, in CSB database section Environment and Energy.

 

Media requests:
Beate Danusēviča, Sanda Rieksta
Information and Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: + 371 67366924, + 371 67366621, + 371 27880666
www.twitter.com/CSB_Latvia
www.facebook.com/csplatvija

 

More information on data:
Līga Vilcāne
Environment and Energy Statistics Section
E-mail: Liga [dot] Vilcane [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: + 371 67366769