Housing stock of Latvia in 2006

15.06.2007

At the end of 2006 the total floor space of the housing stock of Latvia amounted to 58.7mln m3 of the total floor space, according to the Central Statistical Bureau. Approximately two thirds of the total housing stock are located in urban areas and one third is in rural area. One of the main indicators of the housing stock is the total floor space on average per resident inhabitant; it was 19.2 m2 in 1990, 22.6 m2 in 2000, in 2005 – 24.8 m², and in 2006 – 25.7 m².

Basic indicators of the housing stock
(at end of the year, in millions of m2 of the total floor space)

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Total

53.5

53.5

55.0

55.4

56.1

57.0

58.7

Of which:

Public sector

12.9

11.0

10.3

9.2

8.6

8.1

7.8

Private sector

40.6

42.5

44.7

46.2

47.5

48.9

50.9

On average per inhabitant, m2

22.6

22.8

23.6

23.9

24.3

24.8

25.7

Urban housing stock

34.8

34.8

35.8

36.2

36.6

37.1

38.2

Of which:

Public sector

10.2

8.4

7.9

7.0

6.7

6.3

6.1

Private sector

24.6

26.4

27.9

29.2

29.9

30.8

32.1

On average per urban inhabitant, m2

21.5

21.8

22.6

23.0

23.3

23.8

24.6

Rural housing stock

On average per urban inhabitant, m2

18.7

18.7

19.2

19.2

19.5

19.9

20.5

Of which:

Public sector

2.7

2.6

2.4

2.2

19

1.8

1.7

Private sector

16.0

16.1

16.8

17.0

17.6

18.1

18.8

On average per rural inhabitant, m2

25.0

24.8

25.6

25.8

26.4

27.1

28.0

As a result of the denationalisation and privatisation of central and local government-owned residential buildings the ownership structure of the housing stock has changed. At the end of 2000 the share of the private sector in the housing stock was 76% but by the end of 2006 it has increased to 87% of the total housing stock.

By 1 January 2007 423.6 thsd dwellings from the central and local government housing stock were privatised representing 85% of the total number of dwellings prepared for privatisation.

In 2006 actively continued the construction of new residential buildings. Last year the total floor space of the commissioned private residential buildings was 812,6 thsd m², of which family houses – 388,9 thsd m² or 48% of the total buildings commissioned. Compared with the 2005, commissioning of residential buildings has increased by 47%.

The number of newly constructed dwellings increased from 0,9 thsd in 2000 to 3,8 thsd – in 2005 and 5,9 thsd – in 2006.

Of the total of 1647 family houses commissioned in 2006, 74% were two-storey residential buildings and 20% were one-storey residential buildings.

The calculated and paid rent, maintenance and operational expenses are the indicators characterising utilisation of the housing stock. The calculated rent and maintenance expenses for the privatised dwellings in 2006 were 16.9 santims per m2. The paid rent and maintenance expenses were very close to the calculated figures, 16.7 santims per m2 in the country or 99% of the calculated amount.

According to the information provided by the housing stock management enterprises, in 2006 current repairs of the residential buildings in the central and local government housing stock as well as in the private co-operative housing stock were done to the amount of 18.4 mln lats of which 1.9 mln lats were used for the heat insulation of the buildings. Capital repairs of the residential buildings were done to the amount of 4.2 mln lats, of which 1.1 mln lats were used for the heat insulation of the buildings.

On 1 January 2007 there were 21.0 thsd persons registered with the local governments for the improvement of dwelling conditions; of these 11.1 thsd were given preference to receiving a dwelling space.

In 2006 3,5 thsd persons received local governments help governments for the improvement of dwelling conditions, of which 1,6 thsd persons were given preference to receiving a dwelling space. During the year 2,4 thsd (70%) persons were provided with dwellings, 0,8 thsd (23%) – were provided with social dwellings, 0,2 thsd (4%) – were provided with temporary dwellings and 0,1 thsd (3%) – persons received help to change rented dwellings for other rented dwellings.

On January 1 2007 was 81 social house with 3,0 thsd tenants. On 1 January 2007 there were 1,2 thsd social dwellings with a total space of 42,3 thsd m² and the number of tenants was 2,6 thsd persons.

Prepared by the Investment and Real Estate Statistics Section
Tālr.7366969
Ilgvars Kaparkalējs