Household expenditure on food monthly comprises LVL 55 per capita
In compliance with the Household Budget Survey data published by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB) on July 17, household consumption expenditure during the year has grown by 5.7%, reaching on average LVL 198 per capita monthly. More detailed analysis of the data allows acquiring information on the expenditure on food and consumption thereof  in households.
In 2012, household expenditure on food (per capita monthly) on average comprised LVL 55 (LVL 54 in 2011) or 28% of the total consumption expenditure (29% in 2011).
As compared to 2011, expenditure on food and non-alcoholic beverages has grown by 2.8%; while consumer prices of the mentioned products in 2012 increased by 2.3%, thus expenditure on food and non-alcoholic beverages at constant prices actually has risen only by 0.5%.
Household expenditure on food and public catering
(on average per capita monthly, LVL)
Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia
Information acquired within the framework of the Household Budget Survey shows that, in 2012, already for the second year in a row household expenditure on public catering is growing. In comparison with the previous year, this expenditure has risen by 7.8%. Still it may be concluded that, before the economic crisis, households spent more on both food purchase and meals outside.
In 2012, meat and meat products constituted the largest share in the expenditure on food. These costs on average per month reached LVL 13 per capita; LVL 10 were spent on milk, dairy products and eggs, LVL 8 – on bread and cereal products, and LVL 7 – on vegetables.
Survey results reveal that, in 2012, single resident on average consumed 48 litres of milk, 14 kg of cheese and curd, 188 eggs, as well as 20 kg of fresh pork, 21 kg of sausages and dried meat, and 12 kg of fresh poultry meat. Consumption of potatoes (per capita) annually constituted 84 kg, and of fresh tomatoes and cucumbers - 21 kg. Apples, citrus fruit, and banana are the most popular among fruit - their consumption comprises 14 kg, 9 kg and 5 kg, respectively. Whereas consumption of fresh fish annually constitutes 7 kg.
Compared to 2011, changes in the consumption of basic food products in 2012 were insignificant. Slight drop was recorded in the consumption of pork, beef and veal as well as fermented milk products. Also consumption of eggs has diminished, as prices thereof in 2012 rose notably (by 23.5%). Possibly due to the sharp reduction in the potato prices last year (of 30%), the consumption thereof has increased by 6 kg.
While, as compared to 2011, the consumption of fresh and smoked fish, poultry meat, processed meat and meat preparations, game meat, cottage cheese and curd, olive oil, as well as citrus fruit, stone fruit and strawberries in 2012 has grown. Consumption of cheese and yogurt during the year almost has not changed.
Due to some changes in the dietary habits, the consumption of bread, whole milk and sugar has decreased.
Changes in consumption of main food products
(on average per capita annually)
Wheat bread (kg)
Rye bread, fine rye-bread etc. kinds of bread (kg)
Pastry-cook products (kg)
Beef, veal (kg)
Sausages, smoked meat (kg)
Fresh, chilled or frozen fish (kg)
Whole milk (l)
Milk with lower fat content (l)
Fermented milk products (I)
Cheese, cottage cheese and curd (kg)
Apples, pears (kg)
Fresh cabbages (kg)
Fresh cucumbers (kg)
Fresh tomatoes (kg)
Note: Table data reflect only consumption of food products at home.
In 2012, Household Budget Survey engaged 3791 households within the whole territory of Latvia.
More information on the results of the Household Budget Survey 2012 are available in the CSB database, section Household Budget.
Expenditure on food products and consumption thereof in households has been depicted in infographic “Consumption on main food products in 2012”. On the CSB webpage www.csb.gov.lv/en the infographic is available in the menu “Quick links” -> Infographics.
 Consumption of products purchased, own-produced and received free-of-charge, not taking into account the consumption of food in restaurants, canteens etc. catering enterprises.
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