Household consumption expenditure on food in 2009

06.08.2010

Data of the Household Budget Survey compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau show that household expenditure on food and non-alcoholic beverages in 2009 reduced noticeably. Compared to 2008 this expenditure reduced by 12%. On average 26.7% of all consumption expenditure private households spent on food. In comparison with previous year, share of consumption expenditure on food has grown (in 2008 -25.6%). Rise of the share on food in household consumption expenditure is always considered as negative fact. It should be taken into consideration that, in comparison with previous year, consumption expenditure on public catering in 2009 has reduced by 35% as well.

Household expenditure and consumer price changes on food and non-alcoholic beverages
(as % of previous year)
 


Changes of consumption of selected food-stuff in 2008 and 2009
(average per household member per year)

Food products

All households

2008

2009

2009 over
2008, %

Wheat bread (kg)

18.9

17.9

-5

Rye bread, fine rye-bread etc. kinds of bread (kg)

26.3

24.5

-7

Pastry-cook products (kg)

6.6

4.9

-25

Beef, veal (kg)

2.6

2.3

-14

Pork (kg)

21.7

18.0

-17

Poultry (kg)

10.0

10.4

+5

Sausages, smoked meat (kg)

25.4

23.0

-9

Fresh, chilled or frozen fish (kg)

6.6

6.5

-1

Whole milk (l)

44.0

39.8

-9

Milk with lower fat content (l)

7.5

10.8

+43

Eggs (pieces)

194

197

+1

Apples, pears (kg)

15.6

18.8

+21

Fresh cabbages (kg)

9.6

9.2

-4

Fresh cucumbers, tomatoes (kg)

21.9

20.2

-8

Potatoes (kg)

82.0

88.5

+8

Sugar (kg)

17.0

15.7

-7

Data in table do not include public catering, because reflect only consumption of food at home. Analysis of the food product consumption in 2009 shows that households tried to save by increasing the consumption of cheaper products, as well reducing consumption of fruit and berries (except apples), fish, pastry-cook products, ice-cream, ready-to-cook products as well as of non-alcoholic beverages. Such food products as pasta, groats, potatoes and pickled cabbage were among the mostly consumed.

Changes were observed also in selected groups of products. E.g., in group of meat and meat products consumption of beef, pork and semi-finished meat reduced, but consumption of comparatively cheaper poultry has grown. But in milk and dairy products group consumption of whole milk has diminished, but consumption of milk with lower fat content has increased.

It may be concluded that consumption of the products obtained from the household plot, forest, fishing or hunting is decreasing year by year. If calculating in kind the mostly consumed products were potatoes, eggs, milk, apples, carrots and pork. Of which, compared to 2008, the most rapid reduction in 2009 witnessed the consumption of whole milk, pork and eggs (20%, 19% and 18%, respectively). Only slight decrease in comparison with 2008 was observed in consumption of potatoes and vegetables from household plot.

Examination of food consumption in households among various income quintile groups2 it may be concluded that in 2009 households of the 1st (bottom) quintile the consumption of bread, pork, sausages and smoked meat has decreased, but consumption of pasta, potatoes and eggs has grown. Moreover, in the 1st quintile group the share of expenditure on food in the total consumption expenditure in 2009, if compared to the previous year, has reduced from 35% to 32%.

 

Prepared by Living Standard’s Statistics Section
Kristīne Germane
Tel. 67366995

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1 Consumption of products purchased, own-produced and received free-of-charge not taking into account the consumption of food in restaurants, canteens etc. catering enterprises.
2 Quintiles are formed by arranging all households in ascending sequence by disposable income per one household member and dividing them afterwards in five equal groups.