Foreign trade turnover has reduced by 7.0% in August

12.10.2015

Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in August 2015 as compared to July foreign trade turnover at current prices fell by 7.0%, of which exports value of goods reduced by 7.8% and imports value of goods – by 6.4%. In August Latvia exported goods in amount of 784.9 mln euros, but imported - in amount of 1 032.7 mln euros. Foreign trade balance slightly worsened as exports in total foreign trade value declined to 43.2% (in July 2015 – 43.5%).

Latvia’s foreign trade, mln euros1

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Main changes in exports in August, compared to July:

  • exports of basic metals and articles of basic metals fell by 24.5 mln euros or 28.1%,
  • exports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment fell by 10.7 mln euros or 6.3%,
  • exports of vehicles and associated transport equipment dropped by 8.0 mln euros or 23.6%,
  • exports of live animals and animal products decreased by 7.4 mln euros or 19.3%,
  • exports of pulp of wood; paper and paperboardrose by 3.3 mln euros or 17.2%.

Main changes in imports in August, compared to July:

  • imports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment fell by 44.7 mln euros or 17.3%,
  • imports of products of the chemical and allied industries declined by 25.5 mln euros or 20.7%,
  • imports of vehicles and associated transport equipment dropped by 24.5 mln euros or 32.0%,
  • imports of mineral products rose by 17.5 mln euros or 13.3%,
  • imports of vegetable products grew by 6.9 mln euros or 18.9%.

In August main export partners in trade with the EU countries were Lithuania (21.4% of total export), Estonia (12.6%), Germany (6.8%) and the United Kingdom (6.3%); main import partners were Lithuania (20.2% of total import), Poland (10.7%), Germany (10.1%) and Estonia (7.7%).

Foreign trade of Latvia by country group in August 2015, at current prices

 

Exports

Imports

 

mln euros

% of

total

In % (+, -) over July 2015

mln euros

% of

total

% (+, -) over

July 2015

Total

784.9

100

-7.8

1 032.7

100

-6.4

Member States of the European Union

595.8

75.9

-2.0

819.7

79.4

-7.4

   Euro area countries

403.7

51.4

-5.2

607.2

58.8

-8.0

CIS countries

95.6

12.2

-16.2

122.0

11.8

+5.3

Other countries

93.5

11.9

-27.7

91.0

8.8

-11.4

Reduction in exports was mainly affected by its decrease in trade with third countries – with Algeria of 13.2 mln euros or 97.2%, with Saudi Arabia of 6.5 mln euros or 93.8%, with Turkey of 5.2 mln euros or 51.1%. Also decrease in exports to Russia, which is the largest partner in this group of countries, was significant – by 12.0 mln euros or 15.6%. Russia's share in total exports of Latvia reduced by 8.3% (in July 9.1%). At the same time its share in imports grew to 8.7% (in July 7.0%).

Changes of main commodities in Latvia’s exports in August 2015, at current prices

 

thsd euros

% of

total

% (+, -) over

August 2014

July 2015

average of previous 12 months

Total

784 888

100

-3.7

-7.8

-9.4

wood and wood products; wood charcoal

140 302

17.9

+4.9

-3.7

-2.2

electrical machinery and equipment

99 564

12.7

-2.2

-11.4

-10.0

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

60 228

7.7

-8.0

-2.4

-5.3

machinery and mechanical appliances

59 071

7.5

+31.8

+3.7

+19.5

beverages, spirits and vinegar

30 803

3.9

-33.8

-12.8

-23.6

articles of iron and steel

29 050

3.7

+1.5

-0.9

+3.5

pharmaceutical products

24 357

3.1

+4.8

-17.1

-9.4

vehicles other than railway or tramway

22 796

2.9

-38.4

-23.7

-39.1

furniture, other furnishing articles; prefabricated buildings

22 648

2.9

+3.9

+8.5

+1.1

plastics and articles thereof

22 305

2.8

+8.5

-1.0

+6.1

iron and steel

18 363

2.3

-41.2

-56.3

-41.1

Increase of exports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment in August 2015, as compared to August 2014, was affected by the increase in exports of computers and units thereof by 9.5 mln euros or 2.1 time. In turn, exports of iron and steel dropped as exports of waste and scrap of cast iron decreased by 13.8 mln euros or 94.8%.

Changes of main commodities in Latvia’s imports in August 2015, at current prices

 

thsd euros

% of

total

% (+, -) over

August 2014

July 2015

average of previous 12 months

Total

1 032 748

100

+3.3

-6.4

-2.8

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

143 713

13.9

+3.4

+16.4

+7.9

machinery and mechanical appliances

109 714

10.6

+24.6

-14.9

+11.9

electrical machinery and equipment

104 794

10.1

-9.8

-19.5

-21.1

vehicles other than railway or tramway

46 853

4.5

-12.3

-29.7

-35.2

plastics and articles thereof

42 282

4.1

+0.9

-6.7

-4.0

iron and steel

41 687

4.0

+5.8

+7.2

+8.7

pharmaceutical products

36 160

3.5

+2.3

-31.3

-15.7

beverages, spirits and vinegar

35 461

3.4

+38.8

+20.3

+22.7

wood and wood products; wood charcoal

29 040

2.8

+19.6

-6.6

-3.7

Rise of imports of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages in August 2015, as compared to August 2014, was affected by the increase in imports of spirits by 7.3 mln euros or 72.8%. In turn, decline in imports of passenger cars by 7.9 mln euros or by 32.6% significantly influenced the total imports of vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof.

More information on foreign trade of Latvia by month and quarter, by country group and commodity group is available in the CSB data base section Foreign Trade.

 

Data on May 2015 have been revised.

 

More information:
Foreign trade statistics methodology, analysis and dissemination section
Lilita Laganovska
Tel. +371 67366604