Foreign trade of Latvia in food products and fuel in January- September 2008

13.11.2008

Compared to 401.6 mln lats in the corresponding period of previous year, the exports of agricultural and food product in January – September 2008 at current prices reached 508.9 mln lats (15.1% of total volume of exports), according to data of Central Statistical Bureau. Of which exports value of food products (including alcoholic, non-alcoholic beverages and tobacco products) comprised 246.6 mln lats (224.6 mln lats in nine months of 2007).

Compared to 623.0 mln lats in the corresponding period of previous year, the imports of agricultural and food products in January – September 2008 at current prices reached 733.7 mln lats (12.9% of total volume of imports). Of which imports value of food products (including alcoholic, non-alcoholic beverages and tobacco products) constituted 369.7 mln lats (339.3 mln lats in January – September 2007).

Trade in agricultural and food products in January – September 2008 by months, thsd lats

Compared to January – September 2007 exports of agricultural and food products (at current prices) in the same period of this year increased faster than imports of these products (exports – by 26.7%, imports – by 17.8%). In January – September 2008 the share of our neighbouring country Lithuania in Latvia exports of food products comprised 24.5%, but share of Estonia — 15.6%, but in imports – 24.8% and 9.5%. In trade with Lithuania exports of these commodities increased by 10.5%, but imports – by 8.8%. However, in trade with Estonia exports decreased by 17.8%, but imports increased by 9.7%.

Compared to January – September 2007 exports of agricultural and food products at current prices in January - September 2008 increased by 26.7% (share in total exports 15.1%), of which the exports of food products, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and tobacco products - by 9.8%.

Exports of main food products in January – September 2008

Quantity

Thsd lats

total

In % (+, -) over I-IX 2007

total

share, in %

Agricultural and food products - total

X

X

508 865

100

Milk, cream, other cultured products, t

152 681

+24.7

41 846

8.2

Cheese and curd, t

10 136

-7.0

22 779

4.5

 

Butter, t

1 094

-53.7

1 958

0.4

Wheat and meslin, t

303 609

+2.6 times

47 946

9.4

Fish, fresh or frozen, t

40 925

+9.7

24 639

4.8

Preserved fish, t

42 284

+7.0

38 831

7.6

Vodka, thsd l alc. 100%

8 115

-3.6

21 098

4.1

Beer, thsd l

5 695

-50.1

1 736

0.3

Non-alcoholic beverages containing added sugar matter, thsd l

34 496

-0.2

10 732

2.1

Cigarettes, mln units

4 569

-6.6

23 707

4.7

Different milk products were mainly exported to the EU countries– 83.7% values at current prices:

- milk, cream, other cultured products – 86.5% (to Lithuania – 71.3%, Estonia – 5.5%, Germany – 4.5%), 5.2% of milk, cream and other cultered products were exported to Libya,

- cheese and curd – 77.6%(to Germany – 47.5%, Estonia – 11.0%, Italy – 5.1%). 17.6% of cheese and curd were exported to Russia,

- butter – 94.9% (to Germany – 67.0%, Estonia – 10.9%, Italy – 7.8%).

77.6% of fresh and frozen fish were exported to the EU countries.The main trade partners were Lithuania (22.2%), Estonia (21.6%), and France (16.3%). 15.5% of fresh and frozen fish were exported to the Belarus.

Wheat and meslin were mainly exported to the EU countries – 65.3% (to Denmark – 19.5%, Germany – 17.9%, Spain – 12.8%). 15.4% of meslin was exported to Morocco.

47.6% of prepared or preserved fish were exported to the EU (to Estonia – 23.9%, Lithuania – 6.9%, Germany – 3.8%). But 20.8% of prepared or preserved fish were exported to Russia and 14.9% - to the United States of America, and 5.0% to Belarus.

The main partners in vodka export were the United States of America – 40.0% of the total vodka export, Cyprus - 10.1% and Canada - 9.4%.

57.4% of beer were exported to the EU (to Lithuania – 44.4%, Estonia – 8.7%, Ireland – 2.0%). Noticeable volume of beer was exported to Russia – 39.3%.

The non-alcoholic beverages containing added sugar were mainly exported to the EU countries 91.8% (to Lithuania 36.9%, Estonia – 30.4%, Denmark – 11.5%).

The cigarettes were mainly exported to the EU countries 95.0% (to Lithuania 58.9%, Estonia – 17.5%, Denmark – 15.4%).

Compared to January – September 2007 the imports of agricultural and food products (at current prices) in January – September 2008 increased by 17.8% (share in total imports 12.9%), of which the imports of food products, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and tobacco products - by 9.0%.

Imports of main food products in January – September 2008

Quantity

Thsd lats

total

In % (+, -) over I-IX 2007

total

share, in %

Agricultural and food products - total

X

X

733 685

100

Meat of swine, fresh, chilled or frozen, t

24 620

+17.1

31 039

4.2

Poultry, chilled or frozen, t

19 840

-6.2

16 271

2.2

Fish, fresh or frozen, t

29 293

+28.2

32 366

4.4

Milk, cream and milk products, t

58 113

+11.2

37 120

5.1

Sugar, t

41 059

+65.9

18 131

2.5

 

Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa, t

6 668

-11.8

16 779

2.3

Non-alcoholic beverages containing added sugar matter, thsd l

58 761

-4.8

17 307

2.4

Wine of fresh grapes, thsd l

11 209

-35.2

14 743

2.0

Beer, thsd l

23 700

-4.0

7 933

1.1

Cigarettes, mln units

5 974

+26.1

36 175

4.9

Most of the agricultural and food products (at current prices) – 87.3%, were imported from the EU countries.

The meat of swine was mainly imported from Germany – 25.6%, Poland – 24.6 %, Estonia – 18.8 % and Lithuania – 9.8 %.

The poultry was mainly imported from Lithuania – 25.4%, Netherlands – 23.8%, Poland – 10.7% and Denmark – 10.6%.

Fresh and frozen fish were imported from Sweden – 40.0%, Lithuania – 10.1% and Denmark – 5.7%. 16.9% of fresh and frozen fish were imported from Norway.

Milk, cream and diary products were mainly imported from Lithuania – 33.5%, Estonia – 28.4%, Poland – 17.3% and Germany – 11.9%.

The sugar was mainly imported from Lithuania – 40.3%, Denmark – 32.6%, Poland – 14.7% and Estonia – 6.6%.

Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa were imported from Lithuania – 29.8%, Poland – 14.7%, Estonia – 14.3% and Germany – 8.9%.

Non-alcoholic beverages containing added sugar matter were mainly imported from Estonia – 36.9%, also from Poland – 11.3%, Austria – 10.9% and Lithuania – 10.5%.

Wine of fresh grapes was mainly imported from France – 28.9%, Spain – 18.6%, Italy – 10.9% and Germany – 7.8%.

Beer was mainly imported from Estonia – 30.4 %, Lithuania – 27.5%, less from Czech Republic – 9.0%. Some part of the beer was imported also from Russia – 15.6% of total beer imports.

Cigarettes were mainly imported from Lithuania – 62.5%, Poland – 10.1%, Germany – 6.4% and Finland – 5.8%. 4.5% of cigarettes were imported from Turkey.

Compared to January – September 2007 imports of oil and oil products at natural units in January – September 2008 decreased. But due to the price increase imports of mentioned products (at current prices) increased by 115.7 mln lats or by 28.0%, of which import value of diesel oil – by 91.9 mln lats or by 41.4%, of motor spirit – by 8.9 mln lats or by 6.9%. Imports of residual fuel oils decreased by 928 thsd lats or by 5.2%.

Fuel imports in January – September 2008

Quantity

Thsd lats

total

In % (+, -) over I-IX 2007

total

share, in %

Oil and oil products

X

X

528 354

100

Diesel oil, t

641 158

-5.9

313 802

59.4

Motor spirit, thsd l

405 017

-15.4

137 096

25.9

Residual oil, t

66 414

-34.1

16 969

3.2

The most of the diesel oil (at current prices) was imported from Lithuania – 47.4%, Belarus - 36.4%, Russia – 15.5%, but from Switzerland – 0.7%.

The motor spirits were mostly imported from Lithuania– 93.2%. The rest was imported from Norway – 6.4%, Belarus – 0.3% and Great Britain – 0.03%.

Most of the residual fuel was imported from Russia – 35.7%, Estonia – 31.3% and Belarus - 28.9%, but from the Great Britain – 3.8% and from Kazakhstan- 0.2%.

Prepared by the Foreign Trade Section
Tel. +371 67366604
Lilita Laganovska