In foreign trade of Latvia exports of goods increases more rapidly than imports
The provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau show that in the first quarter of this year the volume of goods exported at current prices increased by LVL 117.1 mln or by 7.7%, but at the same time volume of imports – only by LVL 25.8 mln or by 1.3% as compared to the first quarter of previous year.
It also impacted foreign trade balance – exports share in total foreign trade volume reached 44.5%. For comparison, in the first three months of previous year it was 43.0%.
Foreign trade of Latvia at current prices by quarters, mln lats
Excluding impact of price changes, in the first quarter of this year, compared to first quarter of previous year, exports volume at constant prices rose by 3.6%, but imports volume decreased by 1.6%.
Changes of foreign trade of Latvia at current and constant prices by quarters, as percent of corresponding quarter of previous year
In the first quarter of 2013 largest volume of goods – two fifths from the total of exports – were exported by manufacturing enterprises. Increase of exports of these enterprises, compared to the first quarter of previous year, comprised 7.0 mln lats or 1.1%.
Structure of foreign trade of Latvia according to the kind of economic activity of enterprises by NACE Rev. 2 classification in the 1st quarter of 2013, at current prices
Exporters/importers by main kind of their economic activity
as % of total volume
as % of total volume
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Mining and quarrying
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transport and storage
Other kinds of activity; without breakdown by sections
But in imports more than a half of all goods were imported by enterprises whose main kind of activity is wholesale and retail trade. Compared to the first quarter of previous year, volume of goods imported by these enterprises slightly reduced, however – by 23.5 thsd lats or 2.1%.
Accordingly final consumption of goods statistical data on foreign trade grouped show that in the first three months of the year, compared to the first quarter of previous year, exports of such important component of the national accounts as capital goods has increased rapidly – by 26.1%, but imports, however, has decreased by 17.0%. Share of these goods in exports comprised 10.2%, but in imports – 11.2%. Capital goods consist of fixed assets, raw materials and other materials foreseen for the further processing.
More information on Latvia’s foreign trade by quarters by kind of activity of enterprises (NACE Rev. 2) and by classification of Broad Economic Categories, Rev. 4 (BEC) can be found in the CSB database ”Foreign trade” in section Short term statistical data.
Foreign trade statistics methodology, analysis and dissemination section
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