For the first time statistics on the use of pesticides for separate agricultural crops was compiled

30.07.2015

For the first time Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB) has carried out survey and gathered data on the use of pesticides in orchards, vegetable and potato areas, greenhouse crops, as well as in maize areas. Using data obtained in 2014, as well as results from survey1 on the use of pesticides for cereals and rape that was carried out in 2012, information is obtained to estimate possible risk to environment and health caused by pesticides.

Provisional data compiled by the CSB show that in 2014, 7 tonnes or almost 1% of total amount of pesticides1 on average used in Latvian agriculture annually were used in orchards, vegetable areas and greenhouse crops, but for treatment of maize areas and potato areas, 3 and 21 tonne of pesticides was used respectively.

Use of pesticides on agricultural crops surveyed for harvest of 2014
(kg of active substances of pesticides on average per one hectare)

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

Taking into account high occurrence of pests and diseases in Latvia in 2014 which occurred due to climatic conditions, amount of active substances of pesticides used on crops and plantations surveyed by the CSB is evaluated as suitable for compliance with optimal agrotechnology, considers State Plant Protection Service. Data are commensurable with the latest information published by Eurostat on the amount of active substances of pesticides sold to end users, which still is one of lowest among the European Union member states both in absolute numbers2 and per one unit agricultural area3.

With pesticides were treated 69% of pear plantations, 52% of raspberry plantations, 44% of cherry plantations, 36% of apple plantations, 29% of plum plantations, 92% of cabbage areas, 89% of onion areas, 77% of beetroot areas, 17% of strawberry areas and 64% of potato plantations.

80% of pesticides used on apple trees and pear trees were fungicides, on cherry trees – 86%, on plum trees – 67%, on raspberries – 76%, on potatoes – 89% and on onions – more than 60%.

Out of total volume of pesticides used on beetroot areas 98% were herbicides, on carrot areas – 87%, on cabbage areas – 69%, on strawberry areas – 59%, on maize areas – 98%.

Insecticides that are used against insects were used in a very small amount, which can be explained with small application rate per one hectare.

Structure of pesticides used on agricultural crops surveyed

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

In open field vegetable areas the most used herbicides used for weed control were aclonifen and metazachlor. 42% of herbicides used in carrot areas were alconifen, in onion areas – 82%.  76% of herbicides used in cabbage areas were metazachlor. High share of fungicides used in onion plantations can be explained with the use of active substance mancozeb (79% of fungicide amount used), which is a wide spread active substance of fungicides used for limiting blight.

Active substance of fugnicides mancozeb is widely used for limiting late blight and dark spots of potato, share of which in the total amount of pesticides comprised 66% and in the amount of fungicides – 74%.

For the protection of vegetables grown in greenhouses (tomatoes and cucumbers) against various root and steam disease agents mainly fungicide plant protection products were used, with the share of active substances of 98%. 

Survey on the use of pesticides on agricultural crops is organized once in five years.

Comparison with other European Union countries will be available in the Eurostat database in section "Agriculture" in 2016.

 

Results of the CSB survey of 2012 on cereals and rape are published in the press release of 16.10.2013. "Pesticide use per 1 ha of sown area: 1.04 kg on cereals and 1.54 kg on rape".
Active substances of pesticides – substances, including microorganisms that have general or specific effect on hazardous organisms or plants, parts or products thereof.
3 Eurostat: Pesticide sales (from 2009 onwards).
4 Eurostat: Farm structure statistics, April 2014.

 

More information:
Agricultural Statistics Section
Guna Karlsone
tel. +371 67366981