Central Statistical Bureau has compiled results of the Agricultural Census 2010. Within the framework of the Census 92.7 thousand agricultural holdings or 86.5% of all holdings economically active at the beginning of 2010 managing 98.7% of agricultural area (AA) were surveyed. As a result the information was acquired on 90.5 thousand agricultural holdings or 97.6% of the surveyed holdings.
The Agricultural Census included agricultural holdings AA in which comprised 1 ha or standard output (SO)i of which exceeded 70 EUR regardless the AA. Reference period of Agricultural Census 2010 for number of livestock - on July 1, 2010 and for labour force in agriculture - 12 months before the reference period from July 1, 2009 till June 30, 2010.
Number of agricultural holdings surveyed in Agricultural Census 2010
Completely filled in questionnaires
No information was acquired
Reasons for not obtaining information:
respondent was not met
respondent refused to answer
Questionnaires were not filled in
Reasons for not filling in the questionnaire:
land sold, leased out, is not used
In 2010 83.4 thousand economically active agricultural holdings were managing 2879.1 thousand ha of land and 1796.3 thousand ha of utilised agricultural area (UAA).
The number of agricultural holdings in Latvia is reducing year by year, but the area cultivated is increasing. In comparison with the data of the Farm Structure Survey 2007, the number of economically active agricultural holdings has diminished by 26.5%, but AA has grown by 2.9 thousand ha or 0.2%. The UAA has risen by 20.5 thousand ha or 1.2%.
In comparison with 2007, the number of agricultural holdings UAA in which exceeded 100 ha in 2010 grew by 16.3%, and UAA increased by 170.6 thousand ha or 25.3%. 3
|Number of agricultural holdings and utilised agricultural area,|
% of total number of holdings and total UAA
The average size of agricultural holding has risen from 25.5 ha in 2007 to 34.5 ha in 2010 or by 35.3%. UAA on average per holding has grown from 15.7 ha to 21.5 ha or by 36.9%. These areas mainly are used as arable land (13.4 ha on average per holdings) and meadows and pastures (7.8 ha on average per holding).
|Average size of agricultural holdings, ha|
The largest farms were located in Zemgale region – there UAA on average per holding reached 28.1 ha, of which 47.3 ha in Dobele county, and 46.2 ha in Tērvete county. But relatively small agricultural holdings are characteristic to Latgale region – there UAA on average per holding comprised only 14.5 ha.
|Number of agricultural holdings and land area by region,|
% of total number of holdings, total land area, AA and UAA
In 2010 the total arable land area comprised 1120.2 thousand ha, and it is 0.6% more than in 2007. The largest arable land areas were recorded in Zemgale region - 308.3 thousand ha or 17.5% of total AA. Arable land on average per holding constituted 13.4 ha, of which in Jaunpils and Tērvete counties the number reached 44.0 ha.
Last year in Latvia there were 353 holdings (or 0.4% of their total number) arable land in which exceeded 500 ha. In these holdings 362.3 thousand ha or 32.3% of total arable land were cultivated. In 40.7% of holdings the arable land did not exceed 5.0 ha.
93.3% of arable land were occupied by agricultural crops, but 6.6% - by fallow land. Sown area of agricultural crops in 2010 took 1045.7 thousand ha or 0.2% less than in 2007, but sown area of cereals comprised 548.6 thousand ha or 7.2% more than in 2007.
The sown area of cereals on average per grain holding constituted 20.1 ha, and it is 51.1% more than in 2007 (13.2 ha). The sown area of rape on average per rape holding has grown from 51.9 ha in 2007 to 64.0 ha in 2010 or by 23.3%.
In comparison with 2007, the number of livestock in 2010 has reduced noticeably, but the herd structure in surveyed economically active agricultural holdings is similar to one in 2007.
Number of livestock in agricultural holdings, thousand
of which dairy cows
In July 2010 35.1 thousand economically active agricultural holdings were breeding 394.3 thousand cattle, of which 30.1 thousand holdings had 166.4 thousand dairy cows. Compared to 2007, the number of holdings breeding cattle has diminished by 25.9%, but the number of cattle only by 0.1%, and the number of dairy cows – by 8.7%.
The number of animals in holdings breeding livestock has increased, and holdings have become specialists in certain sector of animal production. The number of livestock on average per holding breeding them has risen: number of cattle by 33.8%, of dairy cows by 37.7%, of pigs – by 48.9%.
Number of livestock on average per agricultural holding
of which dairy cows
According to the results of the Agricultural Census 2010 the regular labour force in agriculture during the reference period comprised 181.0 thousand, of which 89.2 thousand or 49.3% were females. In comparison with 2007, the regular labour force has dropped by 43.1 thousand or 19.2%.
29.9 thousand persons or 16.5% of regularly employed labour force were working full time. If compared to 2007, the number of full time employees has reduced by 4.8%, but the number of part time labour force – by 21.6%.
45.8% of total labour force were holders, 44.6% were holder’s family members and only 9.6% - non-family labour force regularly employed.
Total labour force in annual work units (AWU) (including non-regular labour force) in 2010 constituted 85.9 thousand, and it is 20.0% less than in 2007.
In 2010 one holding on average was employing 2.2 persons or 1.03 employees at annual work units.
The labour force per 100 ha of AA comprised 4.4 persons at AWU, and it is 1.4 times less than in 2007.
In 2010 45.2% of holdings were field crop specialists, 21.3% - specialists in dairying, but 13.5% were mixed crops – livestock specialists. If compared to 2007, the number of agricultural holdings - grazing livestock specialists (except dairying) in 2010 has decreased by 36.6%.
|Economically active agricultural holdings by type of farming|
More detailed results of the Agricultural Census 2010 are available in the database of the CSB.
Prepared by Agricultural Statistics Section
i Standard indicator characterising the economic activity of agricultural holding, i.e., value acquired from one hectare of agricultural crops one or livestock head (unit), estimated at prices of corresponding region and expressed in EUR.
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