Exports of cereals increases in September

11.11.2014

Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in September 2014 compared to previous month exports value of goods at current prices grew by 12.7%, but imports value of goods by 15.2%. In September Latvia exported goods in amount of 914.0 mln euros, but imported - in amount of 1,138.2 mln euros. Foreign trade balance slightly worsened as exports in total foreign trade value declined to 44.5% (in August 2014 – 45.1%).

Latvias foreign trade, in mln euros1

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

In September export of vegetable products, compared to August, under the influence of seasonality increased by 37.7 mln euros or 2.4 times. Export of vegetable products was mostly impacted by rise of export of wheat and meslin, and brans – by 32.9 mln euros or 10.7 times. In September it was mostly exported to Iran - 13.5 mln euros, Spain - 8.0 mln euros, Turkey - 6.5 mln euros and Denmark - 2.7 mln euros.

Main changes in exports in September, compared to August:

  • exports of prepared foodstuffs rose by 18.3 mln euros or 22.4%,
  • exports of products of the chemical and allied industries grew by 11.2 mln euros or 19.9%,
  • exports of mineral products increased by 10.4 mln euros or 13.9%,
  • exports of basic metals and articles of basic metals reduced by 3.1 mln euros or 3.9%.

Main changes in imports in September, compared to August:

  • imports of vehicles and associated transport equipment increased by 26.9 mln euros or 54.4%,
  • imports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment grew by 25.3 mln euros or 12.8%,
  • imports of mineral products rose by 18.7 mln euros or 12.6%,
  • imports of products of the chemical and allied industries grew by 14.2 mln euros or 15.4%,
  • imports of textiles and textile articles increased by 10.7 mln euros or 20.8%.

Foreign trade of Latvia by country group in September 2014, at current prices

 

Exports

Imports

 

mln euros

% of

total

In % (+, -) over August 2014

mln euros

% of

total

In % (+, -) over August 2014

Total

914.0

100

+12.7

1,138.2

100

+15.2

Member States of the European Union

644.7

70.5

+9.8

920.5

80.9

+16.6

   Euro area countries

270.9

29.6

+14.6

464.3

40.8

+17.8

CIS countries

154.8

16.9

+17.6

118.4

10.4

+7.9

Other countries

114.6

12.6

+24.2

99.3

8.7

+11.4

In September main export partners were Lithuania (19.4% of total export), Estonia (11.8%), Germany (6.5%) and Poland (5.2%), but main import partners were Lithuania (18.5% of total import), Germany (10.8%), Poland (10.6%) and Finland (7.3%).

Main partner in trade with third countries was Russia, share of which in total exports of Latvia in September comprised 12.4%, but in imports – 7.5%.

Changes of main commodities in Latvias exports in September 2014, at current prices

 

thsd euros

% of

total

% (+, -) over

September 2013

August 2014

average of previous 12 months

Total

914,047

100

-0.3

+12.7

+7.9

wood and wood products; wood charcoal

146,852

16.1

+2.9

+2.9

+2.3

electrical machinery and equipment

89,773

9.8

+5.6

-2.7

-0.4

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

79,561

8.7

-14.7

+15.1

+19.8

beverages, spirits and vinegar

61,856

6.8

+35.1

+30.4

+50.7

machinery and mechanical appliances

50,392

5.5

+18.5

+16.9

+16.9

cereals

42,327

4.6

-6.4

+6.8 times

+69.6

articles of iron and steel

31,808

3.5

-0.04

+7.1

+10.6

pharmaceutical products

31,727

3.5

+17.3

+28.3

+16.3

vehicles other than railway or tramway

30,529

3.3

+1.8

+13.0

-6.7

iron and steel

25,307

2.8

-37.9

-17.2

-23.9

Rise of exports of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages in September 2014, as compared to September 2013, was affected by the increase in exports of spirits by 11.8 mln euros or 32.6%. In turn, exports of iron and steel dropped as exports of waste and scrap of cast iron decreased by 12.7 mln euros or 66.9%.

Changes of main commodities in Latvias imports in September 2014, at current prices

 

thsd euros

% of

total

% (+, -) over

September 2013

August 2014

average of previous 12 months

Total

1 138 150

100

+2.5

+15.2

+9.2

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

160,844

14.1

-17.2

+12.5

+4.4

electrical machinery and equipment

131,555

11.6

+13.9

+14.8

+22.8

machinery and mechanical appliances

92,084

8.1

+4.6

+10.0

+3.3

vehicles other than railway or tramway

62,716

5.5

-10.5

+45.3

-9.3

plastics and articles thereof

47,040

4.1

+12.3

+15.1

+12.3

pharmaceutical products

44,672

3.9

+11.3

+13.1

+3.7

iron and steel

44,017

3.9

+22.7

+8.1

+13.6

articles of iron and steel

30,520

2.7

-6.6

+24.4

+10.0

Rise of imports of iron and steel in September 2014, as compared to September 2013, was mostly affected by the increase in imports of flat rolled products of iron and non-alloy steel of 4.7 mln euros or 27.9%. In its turn, reduction of imports of mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation was influenced by decrease of imports of diesel oil by 15.5 mln euros or 13.6%.

More information on Latvia’s foreign trade by month and quarter, by country group and commodity group is available in the CSB data base section "Foreign trade" Short term statistical data.

 

More information:
Foreign trade statistics methodology, analysis and dissemination section
Lilita Laganovska
Tel.: +371 67366604



1 Data on June 2014 have been revised.