During the year, the average level of consumer prices increased by 3.1 %

08.09.2017

The latest data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that during the year* (in August 2017, compared to August 2016) the average level of consumer prices increased by 3.1 %.  Prices of goods grew by 3.0 % and prices of services by 3.2 %.

 

Consumer price changes

(as per cent, compared to the corresponding month of the previous year)

 

 

Commodity group impact on the total Consumer Price Index during the year

(percentage points)

 

 

Compared to August 2016, in August 2017 the greatest pressure on the price changes was put by the rise in prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages, goods and services related to housing, prices in miscellaneous goods and services group, prices of goods and services related to transport, prices in recreation and culture group, as well as prices of health care.

The average level of food and non-alcoholic beverage prices increased by 6.8 %.  Rise was recorded in prices of meat and meat products, milk products, butter, milk, cheese and curd, eggs, fresh vegetables, potatoes, fresh fruit, chocolate, and bakery products.

Prices of goods and services related to housing grew by 2.1 %. Increase was observed in prices of heat energy, natural gas, solid fuels, refuse collection, as well as services for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling, whereas decline was recorded in prices of materials for the maintenance and repair of the dwelling.

Within the health care group, the average level of prices went up by 2.9 %, which was mainly influenced by the rise in prices of pharmaceutical products, dental services, as well as prices in medical specialist practice.

Prices of goods and services related to transport increased by 2.2 %, which was mainly affected by the rise in prices of fuels for transport (of 4.2 %). Increase was recorded also in prices of maintenance and repair of personal transport equipment, second-hand motor cars. Prices of passenger transport by air and passenger transport by road, in its turn, went down.

In the recreation and culture group, the average level of prices grew by 2.3 %, which was influenced by the rise in prices of package holidays.

Within the miscellaneous goods and services group, the average level of prices grew by 5.6 %, which was mostly due to the influence exerted by the rise in prices of motor vehicle insurance. Rise was registered also in prices of articles for personal hygiene and beauty products as well as prices of financial services.

Among other commodity groups, the most significant growth was recorded in prices of tobacco products, telecommunication services, and catering services.  Decline, in turn, was observed in prices of spirits and footwear.

 

During the month, the average level of consumer prices dropped by 0.2 %

Compared to July 2017, in August 2017 the average level of consumer prices decreased by 0.2 %. Prices of goods fell by 0.6 %, while prices of services grew by 0.6 %.

In August, the greatest pressure on the consumer price changes was put by the decline in prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages and tobacco products, prices in miscellaneous goods and services group, as well as by the growth in prices of clothing and footwear, and prices in recreation and culture group.

Over the month, prices of food and non-alcoholic beverages fell by 1.5 %.  Decline was recorded in prices of fresh vegetables, potatoes, dried, salted or smoked meat, fresh fruit, sugar, and fresh or chilled fish. Increase, in its turn, was observed in prices of butter, cheese and curd, poultry, meat products, and milk.

Prices of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products went down by 1.6 %. Under the influence of sales campaigns, the most significant reduction was recorded in prices of spirits and beer. The average level of tobacco product prices went up by 0.2 %.

During the month, the average level of garment prices rose by 4.4 %, and that of footwear prices fell by 0.8 %.

In the recreation and culture group, prices increased on average by 1.0 %, which was mainly affected by the rise in prices of package holidays.

Within the miscellaneous goods and services group, the average level of prices declined by 1.0 %. Due to the discounts, articles for personal hygiene and beauty products became cheaper. Prices of motor vehicle insurance, in turn, rose.

Among other commodity groups, the most notable decrease was recorded in prices of non-electric kitchen utensils and articles as well as prices of passenger transport by sea. Increase, in turn, was registered in prices of passenger transport by air, pet food and fuels for transport.

 

Consumer price changes by commodity group, %

 

Goods and services having the greatest impact on consumer price changes,

percentage points

Commodity group

Price changes in August 2017, compared to:

August
2016

December 2016

July 2017

Total

3.1

1.1

-0.2

Food

6.8

2.2

-1.5

Alcohol, tobacco

0.5

0.3

-1.6

Clothing, footwear

-0.4

-5.5

2.9

Housing

2.1

1.5

0.2

Furnishings

-0.3

-0.1

-0.2

Health

2.9

2.7

0.2

Transport

2.2

-1.5

0.3

Communication

3.5

0.9

-0.1

Recreation, culture

2.3

3.4

1.0

Education

1.5

-0.4

0.0

Restaurants, hotels

2.2

1.9

0.3

Miscellaneous

5.6

4.9

-1.0

 

 

During the month

Garments

0.15

Package holidays

0.09

Butter

0.07

Beer

-0.06

Spirits

-0.07

Articles for personal hygiene and beauty products

-0.09

Potatoes

-0.14

Fresh vegetables

-0.25

 

During the year

Meat and meat products

0.27

Motor vehicle insurance

0.25

Fuels for transport

0.23

Milk products

0.21

Fresh vegetables

0.20

Butter

0.19

Tobacco products

0.16

Heat energy

0.16

 

 

 

Information on consumer price changes in September 2017 will be published on 9 October.

More detailed information on consumer price changes is available in the CSB database section Consumer Prices.

*The annual inflation reflects consumer price changes, comparing the average price level in the comparison month with the average price level in the corresponding month of the previous year.

 

 

 

Media requests:
Kalvis Pētersons
Information and Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366924, +371 27880666
www.csb.gov.lv
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More information on data:
Nataļja Dubkova
Consumer Price Indices Section
E-mail: Natalja [dot] Dubkova [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366644