Development of demographic processes in Latvia in the 1st half of 2010

05.08.2010

The data of the Central Statistical Bureau on the demographic situation in 2010 show that Latvian population continues to decrease.

On July 1 Latvia population comprised 2 million 238 thousand persons – 10.5 thousand persons or 0.47% less than at the beginning of the year. The number of population due to natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) decreased by 5.6 thousand and due to the fact that emigration is prevailing on immigration – by 4.9 thousand persons. Population reduction rate during the last years has become slower, but in 2009 this indicator grew – 0.57%, if compared to 0.42% in 2008.

Key demographic indicators

 

2008

2009

Of which in 1st half of 2009

1st half of 2010

1st half of 2010
as % of
1st half of 2009

Number of marriages

12946

9925

3592

2876

80,1

Per 1000 population

5,7

4,4

3,2

2,6

81,3

Number of births

23948

21677

11124

9630

86,6

Per 1000 population

10,6

9,6

9,9

8,6

86,9

Number of deaths

31006

29897

15394

15250

99,1

Per 1000 population

13,7

13,3

13,6

13,6

99,8


Since 2002 in Latvia a trend of the number of marriages to increase was observed, and in 2007 15486 marriages were concluded, and it was the highest number since 1993. During the last two years the number of marriages diminished. In 2009 3000 marriages or 23% less than in 2008 were registered, but in the first half of 2010 2876 marriages were concluded, and it is 716 marriages less than in the first six months of 2009. Compared to the first half of 2009 the number of marriages has diminished by 20%.

Already for several years small birthincrease tendency is observed in Latvia. In 2008 country witnessed the highest birth rates since 1994 – 23948 children were born. But in 2009 2.3 thousand children less than in 2008 were born, and also the number of children born in first six months of this year (9630) is 1500 children or 13.4% less than in the first half of 2009.

 Number of marriages and births in 2008, 2009 and 1st half of 2010 in breakdown by months
 

Death rates during the last years have changed rather insignificantly. In 2009 29.9 thousand persons died, and it is 1.1 thousand deaths less than in 2008. Also in six months of this year the number of deaths continued to decrease and reached 15.3 thousand (15.4 thousand in the first half of 2009). Number of deaths per 1000 population comprises the same level as in previous year.

On July 1 Riga population comprised 702.7 thousand persons – 3.7 thousand persons or 0.5 % less than at the beginning of the year. The number of population due to natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) decreased by 1.4 thousand and due to the fact that emigration is prevailing on immigration – reduced by 2.3 thousand persons.

 

Prepared by the Population Statistics Section
Elmīra Seņkāne
Tel. 67366903