Demographic processes in Latvia in the 1st half of 2011
Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia has compiled demographic statistics key indicators on 1st half of 2011. The calculations of the CSB, carried out basing on Population Register data as well as information obtained from civil status registers supervised by the registry authorities of local governments, show that the number of Latvia population continues to diminish, and during the last years the reduction has became more explicit.
On July 1, 2011 Latvia population comprised 2 million 216 thousand persons – 13.8 thousand persons or 0.57% less than at the beginning of the year. The number of population due to natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) decreased by 5.7 thousand, and due to the fact that emigration is prevailing on immigration - by 8 thousand persons.
In 2007-2008 the population reduction rate was lower, but in 2009 this indicator grew (-0.57%) and in 2010 the number of population was the lowest since 1998 (-0.83%). During the time period from 1995 till 2010 the number of population reduced mainly because the number of deaths exceeded the number of births. In 2011 for the first time the main reason why the number of population is decreasing is the negative net migration, if compared to negative natural increase of the population.
Key demographic indicators of Latvia
| 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 1^{st} half of 2010
| 1^{st} half of 2011
| 1^{st} half of 2011 as % of 1^{st} half of 2010 |
Changes in number of population | -9600 | -12920 | -18733 | -9224 | -13810 | 149.7 |
Number of marriages | 12946 | 9925 | 9290 | 2929 | 3253 | 111.1 |
Per 1000 population | 5.7 | 4.4 | 4.1 | 2.6 | 2.9 | 111.5 |
Number of births | 23948 | 21677 | 19219 | 9667 | 9170 | 94.9 |
Per 1000 population | 10.6 | 9.6 | 8.6 | 8.6 | 8.3 | 96.5 |
Number of deaths | 31006 | 29897 | 30040 | 15289 | 14890 | 97.4 |
Per 1000 population | 13.7 | 13.3 | 13.4 | 13.7 | 13.4 | 97.8 |
Since 2002 the tendency of marriage number increase was observed in Latvia. 15486 marriages were concluded in 2007, and it was the highest number since 1993. During the last two years the number of marriages reduced significantly, but in the 6 months of 2011 already 3253 marriages were registered - 324 marriages more than in first six months of 2010. Compared to the first half of 2010, the number of marriages has grown by 11%.
Already for several years a small birth increase tendency was observed in Latvia. In 2008 country witnessed the highest birth rates since 1992 – 23.9 thousand children were born, and it is 10.6 children per 1000 population. During the following years the number of newborn reduced, and in 2010 birth rates were the lowest in last eight years - 8.6 children per 1000 population. Also in six months of 2011 the birth rates are reducing – 9.2 thousand newborn were registered (9.7 thousand in first half of 2010).
Number of marriages and births in 2008, 2010 and 1st half of 2011 in breakdown by months |
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Death rates during the last years have changed rather insignificantly. 30.0 thousand persons died in 2010, and it is 143 deaths more than in 2009. But compared to the previous year, the number of deaths in six months of this year, in turn, has decreased by 399 persons (14.9 thousand in 1st half of 2011 and 15.3 thousand – in 1st half of 2010).
Prepared by the Population Statistics Section
Melita Dimza
Tel. 67366901
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