On current trends of population migration in 2008

27.04.2009

Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) has compiled data on population long term migration in Latvia in 2008, as well as on Latvian population working abroad. Data are compiled using information from the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs regarding persons who declared their place of residence and those who left the country, as well as information from CSB Labour Force Survey.

According to ANO Recommendations, long-term migrants are persons who arrive at respective country or administrative territory with an aim to settle there permanently or for at least one year, or depart from it to another permanent place of residence.

The compiled data witness that in previous year in the result of long-term migration the number of population in Latvia decreased by 2 542 persons which is more than in 2007 when number of Latvian population decreased by 642 persons due to this reason.

In 2008 3465 persons (less by 2.2% compared to 2007) arrived to Latvia for living here from 73 countries, but 6007 persons (more by 43.6% than in 2007) departed to 90 countries for permanent life. Interstate long-term population migration in 2000 – 2008 is reflected in the chart.

Interstate long-term population migration in 2000 – 2008 (persons)

Statistical data witness that in 2008 rate of European Union countries in the interstate immigration flow was 66.3% (in 2007 – 73.2%), but emigration flow – 57.0% (41.2%). The following table shows countries with which in 2008 Latvia had the main migration flows.

Immigration and migration by countries in 2008 (countries are arranged by migration turnover)

Immigration

Emigration

Migration turnover (immigration + emigration)

Net migration, persons

persons

in percent

persons

in percent

persons

in percent

All foreign countries

3465

100

6007

100

9472

100

-2542

Of which:

Russia

452

13.0

1201

20.0

1653

17.5

-749

Ireland

198

5.7

1183

19.7

1381

14.6

-985

Great Britain

331

9.6

669

11.1

1000

10.6

-338

Germany

269

7.8

610

10.1

879

9.3

-341

Belarus

118

3.4

299

5.0

417

4.4

-181

Lithuania

298

8.6

113

1.9

411

4.3

185

Ukraine

132

3.8

230

3.8

362

3.8

-98

USA

103

3.0

216

3.6

319

3.4

-113

Bulgaria

251

7.2

18

0.3

269

2.8

233

Sweden

86

2.5

132

2.2

218

2.3

-46

Romania

189

5.4

22

0.4

211

2.2

167

Other countries

1038

30.0

1314

21.9

2352

24.8

-276

In the previous 2008, compared to 2007, emigration of Latvian population to Ireland increased 6.5 times, to Great Britain – 1.7 times, to Germany – 1.4 times, to Ukraine – 1.2 times. Large increase of emigrants to the EU countries, especially— to Ireland, mainly is explainable with the fact that persons who departed from Latvia for permanent life, partially – also in several previous years, have declared their place of residence in the declaration institutions only in 2008.

Main migration flows to other countries in 2008 were also to France, Italy, Estonia, Poland, Moldova and Israel.

From interstate emigrants in 2008 Latvian citizenship had 59.2% of departing persons, non-citizen of Latvia rate among them comprised 19.2%, citizenship of other EU countries had 3.7%, citizenship of other countries – 17.9%.

In 2008 men constituted majority among immigrants – 60.4%, but women constituted majority among emigrants – 56.3%.

Territorial aspect of migration witnesses that Riga is not only rather attractive immigration destination in Latvia, but it also provides significant contribution in total emigration volume. In 2008 54.9% of interstate long-term immigrants chose Riga as their place of residence. Residents of Riga comprised 38.0% of the total of interstate emigrants. 13.6% of immigrants settled in Pieriga region, but emigrated – 12.5% of emigrants.

Analyzing internal population migration in Latvia, it is obvious that in 2008 49.6 thsd persons or less by 5.5 thsd persons than in 2007 changed their permanent place of residence from one administrative territory to another. Rather typical trend of internal migration is to move for living to country capital and Pieriga region – in 2008 9.4 thsd persons arrived to Riga for living and 15.4 thsd persons – to Pieriga statistical region. The trend when Riga residents move to Pieriga region is continuing (in 2008- 8.3 thsd persons). Total positive population net migration in 2008 was only in Jurmala (473 persons), as well as in Riga district (4 972), Ogre district (379) and Jelgava district (266).

Main aim of majority of Latvian population departing abroad is to find there a better paid job. In order to find out volume of economical migration and its characteristics, the CSB Labour Force Sample Survey included additional questions regarding this subject.

According to the data of CSB Labour Force Survey, almost three fifths (58.6%) of Latvian population who in 2008 worked abroad, were employed before departing from Latvia, every fourth (23.6%) was unemployed, but every seventh (13.4%) – was pupil or student.

Every fifth (21.2%), who went to work abroad and prior was employed in Latvia, was working in trade, every seventh (15%) - in construction, every ninth (10.7%) was employed in transport and storage sector. 8.7% were employed in manufacturing, 7.1% were employed in activities related to undifferentiated goods producing activities of private households for own use, but 6.5% to accommodation services and food service activities. 5.1% were employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing, same number of persons was employed in professional, scientific and technical activities. 4.3% worked in the field of education.

Most of the persons, who went working abroad, were from Latgale - in 2008 every fourth (22.8%), slightly less - every fifth (19.2%) - from Pieriga, but every sixth (17.8%) - from Riga.

Almost a half (45.6 %) of all Latvia population employed abroad chose United Kingdom, each fourth (22.6 %) – Ireland, each ninetieth (5.3 %) was employed in Norway, slightly less (5 %) – in Germany, 3.9 % worked in Russia, but 2.7 % - in Estonia.

Prepared by Social Statistics Department

Population Statistics Section and

Employment Statistics Section

Uldis Ušackis

Tel. +371 67366900

Zaiga Priede

Tel. +371 67366886