CSB will continue surveying population on income and living conditions


From the beginning of March until the end of June, Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) will keep surveying population on income and living conditions. Respondents will be asked about household composition, social and economic characteristics of household members, housing conditions, income, self-perceived health status, material deprivation indicators, as well as population well-being.

Respondents which took part in the surveyed repeatedly were able to complete electronic questionnaire until 14 February. This option was used by 14 % of respondents. The bulk of e-surveys was filled in by population of Vidzeme and Pierīga regions (19 % and 18 %, respectively).

Further progress of the survey will engage people who have received CSB invitational letter containing information about time of the interview and contacts of the interviewer. To arrange time of telephone or face-to-face interview, respondents can contact interviewer by phone number indicated in the letter. Both face-to-face and telephone interviews will be conducted by CSB interviewers. Upon arrival, interviewer will present CSB employee certificate with a photo. Respondents may verify interviewer’s identity by calling the phone number +371 67366912 on working days from 8:30 to 17.00 o’clock.

This year, CSB will survey 8 thousand households, which were selected by random sampling method. CSB is asking respondents to keep being responsive, since the information they provide will characterise real living conditions the most precisely. CSB guarantees confidentiality of the data and information provided, and the data acquired will be published only in summarised form.

Key results of EU-SILC 2017 survey

Compared to 2015, in 2016 household disposable income increased by 4.9 %, reaching 437 euros per household member monthly.Compared to the increase recorded in the previous years – 7.6 % in 2015, 9.3 % in 2014 and 10.7 % in 2013 – household income growth rate kept slowing down.

In 2016, household disposable income in urban areas increased by 4.2 %, reaching 467 euros monthly. In rural areas the indicator rose more sharply – by 6.7 %, reaching 372 euros monthly. Regional breakdown indicates notable differences in monthly household income per household member. The largest growth in household disposable income was recorded in Pierīga region – of 7.2 % (478 euros monthly), while the lowest increase was observed in Kurzeme region – of 1.8 % (396 euros monthly). Income in Riga grew by 3.7 % (528 euros monthly), in Zemgale by 4.9 % (386 euros monthly), in Latgale by 5.6 % (300 euros monthly), and in Vidzeme by 6.7 % (366 euros monthly).

In 2016, compared to 2015, the lowest increase in income was observed in the poorest households (of 2.8 % in households of the 1st quintile group and of 3.6 % in households of the 2nd quintile group). The income of the richest households, belonging to the 5th quintile group, increased by 5.1 % over the year. The largest growth in income was recorded in households of the 4th and 3rd quintile groups (of 6.4 % and 5.7 %, respectively).

Compared to other European Union (EU) Member States, income inequality level in Latvia remained high. Over the year, Latvian Gini coefficient did not change, constituting 34.5 % in 2016 (EU average indicator amounted to 30.8 % in 2015). In 2016, income of 20 % of the richest population exceeded income of 20 % of the poorest population 6.3 times, whereas in 2015 – 6.2 times (EU average indicator amounted to 5.2 in 2015).

In 2016, 425 thousand people or 22.1 % of the population were at risk of poverty, which is 0.3 percentage points more than in 2015.

At-risk-of-poverty in households consisting of two adults with three or more children has dropped notably – from 25.5 % in 2015 to 19.8 % in 2016. Significantly lower at-risk-of-poverty was observed in households consisting two adults with one or two children – 13.4 % and 14.4 %, respectively.

Every year, very high at-risk-of-poverty (exceeding 50 %, except for 2009 when those were 47.9 %) is faced by unemployed persons; in 2016 the indicator reached 56.5 %. The at-risk-of-poverty among employed persons constituted only 8.8 % in 2016 (8.3 % in 2015).

About the survey:
EU-SILC survey annually is conducted in all EU Member States based on common methodology. It aims at producing comparable information on various aspects influencing households and welfare of each individual.

More information on the survey results is available in the CSB database: Population Income, Monetary Poverty and Income Inequality, Material Deprivation, Housing Conditions, Self-Perceived Health Status, Household Composition, Minimum Income Level and Social And Cultural Participation.


Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366621, +371 27880666

More information on data:
Social Statistics Methodology Section
Viktors Veretjanovs
Viktors [dot] Veretjanovs [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366609