CSB: production, exports and consumption of beer and cheese in Latvia
The data show that production of beer in Latvia is very voluminous. On average 140 mln litres of beer (in amount of 50 mln lats) are produced each year. For example, in 2007 quantity of beer produced from malt (excluding non-alcoholic beer) reached 140.2 mln litres in amount of 50.1 mln lats. The quantity of beer produced next year was 133.9 mln litres in amount of 54.2 mln lats. The most voluminous beer production was in 2011 – 147.2 mln litres in amount of 53.7 mln lats. The smallest quantity of beer produced was in 2009 when 128.3 mln litres were produced in amount of 49.2 mln lats. The smallest beer production was in 2009 when 128.3 mln litres in amount of 49.2 mln lats where produced.Within 5 years, from 2007 to 2011, in total 697.1 mln litres of beer in amount of 257.4 mln lats were produced.
Looking at foreign trade data of Latvian beer producers, it is obvious that beer export in the mentioned period has increased significantly. f in 2007 beer export reached 11.9 mln litres in amount of 2.5 mln lats, in 2011 it was almost 2.5 times larger – 31.8 mln litres of beer in amount of 6.1 mln lats were exported. From 2007 to 2011, 81.4 mln litres of beer in amount of 16.0 mln lats were exported. Total volume of beer exported is larger. For example, in 2011 in total 34.1 mln litres of beer in amount of 7.8 mln lats were exported from Latvia, and this value also includes reexportation. Estimating foreign trade data, it can be concluded that beer produced in Latvia is popular in Estonia, Lithuania and Russia, which are three main exports partner countries of beer producers.
Cheese production in Latvia also takes significant part in industrial production. Lately unripened (fresh) cheese, including curd and its production and ripened cheese, for example, “Krievijas”, “Holandes”, as well as blue and grated cheese, on average is produced in quantity of 30 mln kg annually in amount of 60 – 70 mln lats. The largest quantity of cheese produced lately was in 2007 – in total 35.2 mln kg in amount of 72 mln lats. In 2011 cheese production reached 27.7 mln kg in amount of 63.5 mln lats. Within 5 years, from 2007 to 2011, in total 154.1 mln kg of cheese in amount of 324.8 mln lats were produced.
Data on export of Latvian cheese and curd producers show that export of these products on average reached 10.2 mln kg annually in amount of 21.3 mln lats. Within 5 years, from 2007 to 2011, 50.9 mln kg of cheese and curd in amount of 106.7 mln lats were exported. Total data of exports of cheese and curd are similar, including reexportation – they are larger. Main exports partners of cheese and curd producers were Russia, Germany, Estonia and Lithuania.
Information on beer and cheese consumption in families can be obtained from data on household budget survey. They show that from 2007 to 2011 number of lats spent on beer and cheese per one household member has not changed significantly. Thus in 2007 11 lats (10.77) were spent on beer per one household member, slightly more in 2009 – 11.38 lats, but in 2011 – 10.82 lats. However, on cheese families spend slightly more than 20 lats per one household member annually. In 2007 this amount comprised 20.08 lats, in 2008 – 25.17 lats, but in 2011 – 24.52 lats. Data from the same survey show that on average one Latvian inhabitant consumes 6 kg of cheese and 8 kg of cottage cheese and curd annually. In urban area this consumption is larger than in rural area. In 2011 town dwellers on average ate 6.7 kg of cheese and 8 kg of cottage cheese and curd, but countrymen – 4.9 kg of cheese and 7.4 kg of cottage cheese and curd.
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sanda [dot] rieksta [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
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