CSB launches External Migration Survey


On 1 December, Central statistical Bureau (CSB) launched population migration survey to find out how precise official population statistics is and how fully it covers migration flows abroad.

With a random sampling method, CSB selected 20 thousand housings within the whole country, 7055 of which were located in Riga.

The addresses participating in survey will help to find out people that lived in the housing a year ago and those emigrated from the country, was well as those living there this year, or arrived from or emigrated to other countries. Survey questionnaire will cover also questions on languages – mother tongue, language mostly used at home and knowledge of foreign languages.

Each address included in the survey will be surveyed twice – at the end of this year and in autumn of the next year.

The persons included in the sample will receive a CSB letter containing more detailed information about the survey. From 1 to 17 December, respondents will have an opportunity to complete questionnaire online at https://e.csb.gov.lv.This will take only five minutes. Afterwards, CSB interviewers will start their work – take telephone and face-to-face interviews of respondents that due to some reason were not able to complete questionnaire online. Interviewers will be engaged in the survey until 15 March.

CSB President Aija Žīgure is inviting everyone who received invitational letter to be responsive and complete questionnaire. "It will take only few minutes to complete the questionnaire, but will contribute significantly to the production of statistics on population of Latvia."

Since the Population and Housing Census 2000, Latvia population has declined by 427 thousand, which is the same number of people that on 1 January 2017 lived in Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jēkabpils, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Valmiera and Ventspils all together. Population change is influenced by both negative natural increase and population migration. In total, 276 thousand or 11.6 % of the population that in 2000 lived in Latvia have emigrated1. 

In 2000, 57 % of the Riga population still live in the capital, 9 % live in another place in Latvia, while 13 % have emigrated to another country.

Over the past 17 years, average population of Latvia has declined by 18 %; the sharpest drop among the cities under state jurisdiction was recorded in Daugavpils and Rēzekne – of 27.1 % and 27.7 %, respectively. Riga currently is resided by 15.9 % fewer persons than in 2000.

CSB every year estimates country population, including production of statistics on international migration – the number of both emigrants and immigrants. As of 2012, country population is estimated by using Population Register data and information from other administrative sources.

1Experimental statistics – based on results of the Population and Housing Census 2000, data of the CSB population estimate of 2017, data on deaths of Latvia population occurred during the period 2000–2017.


Media requests:
Communication Section
E-mail: media [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Phone: +371 67366924, +371 27880666

More information on data:
Sigita Šulca
Population Statistics Section
E-mail: Sigita [dot] Sulca [at] csb [dot] gov [dot] lv
Toll-free number:  +371 80 000 098
Phone: +371 67366806