CSB: Latvia population opt for larger dwellings

27.06.2013

Data of the Population and Housing Census 2011 compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB) indicate that total useful floor space in all Latvia apartments and individual houses comprises 68.12 million m2 and average useful floor space in a single housing constitutes 67m2.  As compared to the data in information system managed by the State Land Service, the numbers are slightly higher, because also area of occupied but not commissioned dwellings was taken into account.

Information on housing area per occupant (in m2) indicates that the share of dwellings in which useful floor space per inhabitant is smaller than 20m2 is reducing; nevertheless, one third of the population is occupying such dwellings (in 2000 – 42%). While housings average useful floor space of which comprises less than 30m2 per occupant are resided by 58% of the population (in 2000 - 69%), and 5.6% of the country residents are living in dwellings with more than 80m2 of useful floor space per inhabitant.

In comparison with the results of the previous Population and Housing Census (in 2000), an increase can be observed in the number of persons occupying comparatively larger useful floor space: all groups of dwellings with area starting from 30m2 per occupant and ending with 80m2 per resident,e.g., the number of population residing 40 – 59.9 m2 per inhabitant has grown by 4.2 percentage points.

Average useful floor space per occupant (in m2) and share of persons residing corresponding dwellings in 2000 and 2011 have been depicted in the chart below.

Average useful floor space per occupant (m2) in 2000 and 2011

Data of the Population and Housing Census 2011 show that 84.4% of all dwellings have piped water in the housing unit, and 73.4% of the housings have fixed bath or shower. Rise in the number of such facilities was recorded in all Latvia housings, still the highest increase was recorded in Vidzeme region – there, as compared to 2000, the share of housing units having piped water has risen by 9.1 percentage point and the share of dwellings having fixed bath or shower has increased by 8.8 percentage points. In Riga rise in the number is less explicit, as there most housings had those facilities already prior.

Conventional dwellings in Latvia as a whole and in statistical regions by available facilities, 2000 and 2011 (%)

Territory

2000

2011

Piped water

Fixed bath or shower

Piped water

Fixed bath or shower

Latvia

79.7

67.3

84.4

73.4

Riga region (Riga)

98.1

84.8

98.3

88.2

Pieriga region

79.5

68.3

85.0

74.5

Vidzeme region

65.2

51.9

74.3

60.7

Kurzeme region

77.7

63.2

82.8

70.5

Zemgale region

72.4

61.7

78.8

68.8

Latgale region

62.0

51.3

66.8

55.6

69.0% of the total Latvia population are living in houses with central heating, 89.2% have dwellings with piped water and 78.8% – housing with fixed bath or shower. Number of population having mentioned facilities in Latvia as a whole has grown, while the most notable rise was observed in Vidzeme region – there, as compared to 2000, availability of central heating has went up by 4.7 percentage points, of piped water – by 15.0 percentage points and of fixed bath or shower – by 14.0 percentage points.

Latvia population in 2000 and 2011 by facilities available in dwelling (%)

The largest share of persons residing dwellings with central heating was recorded in Riga (87.5%), whereas the smallest – in Vidzeme region (48.4%). Almost all Riga residents are occupying housings having piped water (99.0%), while the lowest share of persons living in houses equipped with such facility was observed in Latgale (76.0%). Fixed bath or shower in housing unit is available for 90.6% of Riga residents, while in Latgale region – only for 62.6%. Share of population by the facilities available in their conventional dwellings and by statistical region (in 2000 and 2011) is shown in the table below.

Population in 2000 and 2011 by facilities available in dwelling and statistical region (per cent)

Territory

2000

2011

Central heating

Piped water

Fixed bath or shower

Central heating

Piped water

Fixed bath or shower

Riga region (Riga)

85.4

98.3

86.2

87.5

99.0

90.6

Pieriga region

66.1

80.1

68.9

70.8

90.8

82.0

Vidzeme region

43.7

65.9

53.2

48.4

80.9

67.2

Kurzeme region

57.1

77.2

63.2

59.9

88.5

77.0

Zemgale region

56.5

72.8

62.3

60.7

84.8

74.4

Latgale region

52.4

62.5

51.4

56.0

76.0

62.6

In addition, data acquired within the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey of 2012 show that more than four fifths of Latvia population (85%) are satisfied with their dwelling. 15% of those households admitted that they are very satisfied, while 70% – satisfied. Nevertheless, 15% of households mentioned that they are dissatisfied with the dwelling. The highest share of such households was recorded in Zemgale (18.6%) and in Riga (16.5%), while the smallest – in Pierīga (11.0%).

18.9% of the households mentioned that they have problem with a shortage of space in dwelling. This issue is more common in urban areas. 21.8% of the households located in urban areas indicated that they have this problem, while in rural areas this issue was mentioned by smaller number of households – 11.8%. Shortage of space in dwelling is more problematic for families with children; while the highest satisfaction with dwelling space was observed in households consisting of single person aged 65 or over. Only 4.6% of such households indicated that they have a problem with a shortage of space in dwelling.

Population and Housing Census programme included 10 questions on housing. As a result, data were acquired on the dwelling occupancy status, housing arrangements, year when the building was erected, building type, type of heating, facilities available in the dwelling, floor space and type of ownership. In the Population and Housing Census 2011, all dwellings were enumerated, as opposed to the Census 2000 in which only occupied dwellings were counted. 

More information on population housing is available in the CSB database. 

More information:
Pēteris Veģis
Social Statistics Department
Phone: +371 67366771