The CSB continues to investigate the income and living conditions of the population
The European Union expects from its Member States not only the implementation of an effective social policy to improve the living conditions of the population but also a multilateral approach to its investigation.
Within the territory of Latvia in the first half of April of this year the Central Statistical Bureau will launch already the fourth survey “Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)”. This survey is carried out in every Member State of the European Union according to united methodology and definitions. The aim of the survey is to obtain precise and all-embracing information on the income and life conditions of the population of Latvia, risks of social exclusion not only in society generally, but also in separate, but typical enough, groups of it (employed, pensioners, families with and without children etc.).
Data of the surveys of 2005 and 2006 already now are used both in Latvia, and in European Commission and particular attention is paid to different aspects of poverty and social exclusion. The data of the survey of 2006 show that, social inequality and at-risk-of-poverty rate1 has grown.
Part of the households that took part in the previous surveys will be interviewed repeatedly, whereas one quarter will be selected for the first time. Households that will participate in the survey for the first time with the help of random sampling are selected throughout the whole territory of Latvia. This is because the objective of the survey is to keep track of the changes in the main characteristic indicators of living conditions for a period of several years. The survey will allow throwing light on the main conditions that contribute to the rising welfare level or, on the contrary, have an adverse effect.
In the EU-SILC following questions are included:
- Dwelling conditions and dwelling costs;
- Child care problems of the children aged 12 years or less;
- Household income;
- Provision of households with durable goods;
- Household ability to cover different expenses, including expenses connected with dwelling;
- Ability of households to cover different financial obligations and their burden in households;
- Education level of the household members;
- Health conditions and availability of health services, etc.
The CSB Interviewers Service will implement the EU-SILC survey. Before the interviewer’s visit a letter informing the households about the survey, its objectives and the planned date of the interview will be mailed to the sampled households. The informative letter will also include telephone numbers for obtaining additional information. Each household included in the sample during a year will be visited once.
As the number of households inspected in survey is noticeable, the survey will start at the beginning of April and will continue until the end of summer. Upon arrival the interviewer will produce his identity card with a photograph and pose the questions included in the questionnaire. The respondent answers to the questions of the questionnaire form will be entered into a laptop computer. Alike the previous surveys, part of the interviews (in those households who already participated in the survey of previous year) will be carried out with the help of Centre of Telephone Interviews in Preiļi.
With the purpose to reduce the number of questions to be posed to respondents and the length of the interview, the CSB is going to use also the data of the registers that are supervised by various state institutions.
In compliance with the laws concerning the protection of individual data the information provided by the respondents will be published only in an aggregated form excluding the possibility to identify the individual data.
The scientists and state institutions will perform the analysis of the obtained data, in order to develop certain long-term activities for the elimination of the poverty and social exclusion.
1 More information is available in the webpage of the CSB: here.
Prepared by the Household Budget Statistics Section
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