Consumption of energy resources in 2013 dropped by 1.3%

17.06.2014

Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia show that compared to 2012 gross consumption of energy resources in Latvia in 2013 dropped by 1.3%. The gross consumption of energy resources includes consumption of energy resources in heat and electricity production sector (transformation sector), energy sector and final consumption, which includes all sections of national economy, including households.

Gross consumption of energy resources in 2012 and 2013

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

* Net import of hydro power, wind power and electricity
** Waste tyres, municipal waste for burning, charcoal, straw, other biomass, biogas, biofuel

In 2013 there was a significant change in the gross consumption of electricity which compared to 2012 decreased by 20%. It can be explained with the drop in the electricity production in hydroelectric power plants.

Share of renewable energy sources (RES) in the total consumption of energy resources has been gradually increasing each year. In 2008 the share of RES in the gross consumption of energy resources was 29.81%, in 2010 - 32.49%, in 2012 - 35.78%, and in 2013 this indicator may reach 37%. The RES used in Latvia are local energy resources; therefore, as the total consumption of RES increases, the Latvian energy dependence on imported energy resources decreases.

As compared to 2012 consumption of energy resources in heat and electricity production sector (transformation sector) in 2013 grew by 10.5%. It is due to an increasing number of combined heat and power (CHP) plants: in 2013 there were 166 CHP plants the installed electric capacity of which was 19% larger than in 2012. For the production of heat and electricity fossil fuel natural gas is used; however, its share in the transformation sector is gradually decreasing. For example, in 2008 the share of natural gas in the transformation sector was 81%, in 2012 –74%, and in 2013 –69%. As the share of natural gas is declining, the share of RES is growing and over the last three years has increased by 13%, reaching 29% in 2013. It is a very important indicator since the RES used in the transformation sector are local energy resources: fuel wood, biogas, biofuel.

The final consumption of energy resources in 2013 was 2.7% lower than in 2012. Drop in the consumption of energy resources in 2013 was recorded in all sectors: agriculture, industry, households, with the exception of transport, where there was a slight growth (+1.3%).

Final consumption of energy resources in 2012 and 2013

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

A significant increase of 21.5% in the transport sector was recorded in the consumption of liquefied petroleum gas. In turn, consumption of petrol in transport sector in 2013 dropped by 9.4% as compared to 2012.  Diesel oil is the main energy resource used in the transport sector with the share in the transport sector reaching 59%. The share of biodiesel and bioethanol in the transport sector is low - in 2013 it was 1.7%, which is 0.1% less than in 2012. Also the volume of produced biofuel in 2013 decreased by 25.9% as compared to 2012.

Consumption of energy in industry in 2013 as compared to 2012 decreased by 6.1%. The greatest drop in consumption of energy resources (–68.2%) was registered in manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products. The share of RES in industry in 2013 was 36.2%. This large share can be explained with the amount of fuel wood, used in manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork.

Consumption of energy resources in households in 2013 was 4.5% lower than in 2012. In 2013 as compared to 2012 consumption of fuel wood in households dropped by 6%; use of natural gas decreased by 6.8%, and consumption of heat –by 4.3%. It is explained with the fact that during the heating season of 2013 the average air temperature was higher than in 2012.

Structure of consumption of energy resources by households in 2013

Data source: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

The structure of consumption of energy resources in households has not significantly changed over the years. Households mostly use fuel wood whereof fire wood comprises 91%.

 

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Vera Suzdaļenko
Prepared by Environment and Energy Statistics Section
Tel. +371 67366768