On changes of labour costs in 4th quarter of 2012
Data of Central Statistical Bureau show that, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, hourly labour costs in the country in the 4th quarter of 2012 grew by 24 santims per hour or by 6.1%. Seasonally adjusted data (differences in number of calendar days and seasonal influence is averted) show that labour costs increased by 3.0%.
Changes in hourly labour costs over corresponding quarter
of previous year, %
The most notable increase in hourly labour costs during a year was recorded in electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (of 12.3%), in transportation and storage (of 7.9%), as well as in public administration and defence (of 7.5%). Rise in mentioned sectors was due to the growth of both wages and salaries and irregular premiums and bonuses.
Hourly labour costs during this time period significantly rose also in education – by 9.1%, as at the beginning of the new school year wages of teachers and heads of educational institutions were increased as well as teachers having higher qualification level started to receive bonuses for the work quality.
Changes in hourly labour costs and wages in 4th quarter of 2012 by economic activity
(seasonally non-adjusted data, LVL)
Hourly labour costs
of which hourly wages and salaries
4th qtr 2011
4th qtr 2012
Changes in %
4th qtr 2011
4th qtr 2012
Changes in %
Mining and quarrying
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
Wholesale and retail trade;
repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transportation and storage
Accommodation and food service activities
Information and communication
Financial and insurance activities
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Administrative and support service activities
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
Human health and social work activities
Arts, entertainment and recreation
Other service activities
Both seasonally adjusted and seasonally non-adjusted data are available in the CSB database.
Hourly labour costs include gross wages and salaries and other labour costs. Wages and salaries are regular and irregular direct wages and salaries – basic salary (monthly, wage), payment for time worked or job completed, regular and irregular premiums and bonuses, payments for days not worked (vocation and other days not worked), sums of state mandatory social insurance contributions paid by the employees and personal tax. In accordance with the EU regulatory enactments when compiling data on labour costs wages and salaries include also wages and salaries in kind (goods and services provided by the employer to employees for free or for a lower price, living area, mobile telephone, transportation compensation, etc.). Other labour costs include state mandatory social security contributions, voluntary social security contributions (additional pension, health, life insurance contributions, etc.) paid by the employer, employer’s allowances, awards, gifts, payment of sick list A, severance payment, business risk state duty.
Hourly labour costs are calculated dividing the sum of labour costs with the number of hours worked.
Hourly labour costs are calculated for the following sectors:mining and quarrying (B), manufacturing (C), electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (D), water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (E), construction (F), wholesale and retail trade; repair or motor vehicles and motorcycles (G), transportation and storage (H), accommodation and food service activities(I), information and communication (J), financial and insurance activities (K), real estate activities (L), professional, scientific and technical activities (M), administrative and support service activities (N), public administration and defence; compulsory social security (O), education (P), health and social work (Q), arts, entertainment and recreation (R), other service activities (S).
Prepared by the Wages Statistics Section
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