On changes of labour costs in 2nd quarter of 2012
Data of the Central Statistical Bureau show that, compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, hourly labour costs in the country in the 2nd quarter of 2012 grew by 13 santims or by 3.3%.Seasonally adjusted data1) show a growth of 4.1%, whereas calendar day adjustment indicates a rise of 4.7%.
Changes of hourly labour costs over corresponding quarterof previous year, %
In comparison with the 2nd quarter of 2011, labour costs in the 2nd quarter of 2012 increased more rapidly than the number of hours worked – by 7.7% (hours by 4.3%).
Most notable growth of the hourly labour costs during a year was recorded in transportation and storage – of 9.4%, in public administration and defence; compulsory social security – of 6.7%, in accommodation and food service activities – of 6.1%, and in other service activities – of 5.0%.In all mentioned sectors rise was mainly due to the increase of regular wages and salaries.In transportation and storage as well as other service activities also non-regular wages and salaries rose, whereas in public administration and defence – voluntary social insurance contributions and allowances.
Reduction of hourly labour costs was observed in water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities – of 4.0%, in mining and quarrying - of 3.8%, in professional, scientific and technical activities – of 3.1%, and slight decrease was recorded also in education – of 0.2%.Drop in the mentioned sectors was due to the faster rise of hours worked, moreover in water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities the amount of allowances paid by the employer reduced.
Changes in hourly labour costs and wagesin 2nd quarter of 2012 by economic activity
(seasonally non-adjusted data, LVL)
Hourly labour costs
of which hourly wages and salaries
2nd qtr 2011
2nd qtr 2012
Changes in %
2nd qtr 2011
2nd qtr 2012
Changes in %
Mining and quarrying
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
Wholesale and retail trade;
repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Transportation and storage
Accommodation and food service activities
Information and communication
Financial and insurance activities
Real estate activities
Professional, scientific and technical activities
Administrative and support service activities
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
Human health and social work activities
Arts, entertainment and recreation
Other service activities
Both seasonally adjusted and non-adjusted data are available in the CSB database.
1) Influence of seasonality and varying number of calendar days has been averted.
Hourly labour costs include gross wages and salaries and other labour costs.Wages and salaries are regular and irregular direct wages and salaries – basic salary (monthly, wage), payment for time worked or job completed, regular and irregular premiums and bonuses, payments for days not worked (vocation and other days not worked), sums of state mandatory social insurance contributions paid by the employees and personal tax. In accordance with the EU regulatory enactments when compiling data on labour costs wages and salaries include also wages and salaries in kind (goods and services provided by the employer to employees for free or for a lower price, living area, mobile telephone, transportation compensation, etc.).Other labour costs include state mandatory social security contributions, voluntary social security contributions (additional pension, health, life insurance contributions, etc.) paid by the employer, employer’s allowances, awards, gifts, payment of sick list A, severance payment, business risk state duty.
Hourly labour costs are calculated dividing the sum of labour costs with the number of hours worked.
Hourly labour costs are calculated for the following sectors:mining and quarrying (B), manufacturing (C), electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (D), water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (E), construction (F), wholesale and retail trade; repair or motor vehicles and motorcycles (G), transportation and storage (H), accommodation and food service activities(I), information and communication (J), financial and insurance activities (K), real estate activities (L), professional, scientific and technical activities (M), administrative and support service activities (N), public administration and defence; compulsory social security (O), education (P), health and social work (Q), arts, entertainment and recreation (R), other service activities (S).
Prepared by the Wages Statistics Section
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