On changes of demographic situation in Latvia in 2009

27.05.2010

The data of the Central Statistical Bureau on the demographic situation in 2009 show that, Latvian population continues to decrease.

At the beginning of 2010 in Latvia there were 2million 248 thousand persons, a drop of 12.9 thousand persons compared to the previous year. In 2009 the population decrease comprised 0.57%, compared to 0.42% in 2008.

Due to the natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) the number of population decreased by 8.2 thousand, but due to the long-term migration - by 4.7%. In 2009 2688 persons arrived in Latvia, but 7388 persons left for permanent residence in other countries.

Marriages, divorces, births and deaths in Latvia in 2005 and in 2008 – 2009.

 

2005

2008

2009

2009 as per cent over 2008

Number of marriages

12544

12946

9925

76.7

Per 1000 population

5.5

5.7

4.4

77.2

     

Number of divorces

6341

6214

5099

82.1

Per 1000 population

2.8

2.7

2.3

85.2

     

Number of births

21497

23948

21677

90.5

Per 1000 population

9.3

10.6

9.6

90.6

     

Number of deaths

32777

31006

29897

96.4

Per 1000 population

14.2

13.7

13.3

97.1

     

Number of infant deaths

168

161

168

104.3

Per 1000 live born infants

7.8

6.7

7.8

116.4


Compared to the previous year, in 2009 the number of marriages reduced by 23.3% and their number per 1000 population comprised 4.4. The highest indicator during the last 17 years was in 2007 – 6.8 marriages per 1000 population. Compared to 2008, the number of divorces last year has reduced by 17.9 %.

Number of marriages and divorces per 1000 population

 

Since 2000 the age of the first marriage has grown by more than 2 years. In 2009 males concluded their first marriage at the age of 29, but females at age of 27 years. The average age of the marrying persons was 34 years for males and 31 year for females.

Average age of married persons

Year

Total

First marriage

males

females

males

females

2000

32.0

29.5

26.9

24.9

2005

32.8

30.0

28.2

26.0

2006

33.0

30.4

28.4

26.3

2007

33.3

30.7

28.5

26.4

2008

33.5

30.9

28.8

26.7

2009

34.0

31.3

29.3

27.1

 

The number of births in 2009 comprised 21.7 thousand or almost 2300 children less than in 2008, when birth rates were the highest since 1992. The birth rate per 1000 population decreased by 9.4 %.

49.5 % of the newborn were the first children in their families (51.3 % in 2008). The proportion of second children amongst all newborn in 2009 was 34.1 %, compared to 33.3 % a year before.

According to provisional data, the total fertility rate (average number of children that would be born to a female during her lifetime provided the birth-rate of the given year remaining at the previous level) in 2009 reduced by 9% (compared to 2008) and comprised 1.32.

Fertility rates and trends of their changes

Year

Number of live births per 1000 female aged 15- 49

Total fertility rate

2000

34.2

1.24

2005

36.4

1.31

2006

37.8

1.35

2007

39.5

1.41

2008

41.4

1.45

2009

38.0

1.32


Since 2000 the average age of newborns’ mother has increased by one and a half year, and in 2009 it comprised 28.7 years, but average age of mother at the moment when the first child is born last year was 26 years or 1.6 years higher then in 2000.

Average age of female at the first marriage and average age of mother at the first childbearing
 

The number of deaths in 2009 was 29.9 thousand or 1109 persons less than in 2008. Crude death rate – 13.3 deaths per 1000 population has reduced by 2.9 %. Last lowest death rate per 1000 population (13.1) was recorded in 1991.

But the number of infant deaths last year grew. 168 children died during their first year of life. Compared to 2008, the number of infant deaths per 1000 live births increased from 6.7 to 7.8 or 1.2 times.

Due to the reduction of deaths rates, the life expectancy of the population rose. According to provisional results average life expectancy of the persons born in 2009 is 73.4 years, of which 68.3 years for males and 78.1 years for females, and compared to 2008 it has grown by 1.1 year for males and by 0.2 years – for female.

Life expectancy at birth
 

At the beginning of the year the total population in Riga comprised 706 thousand, and over the year it reduced by 6.6 thousand. 7.2 thousand births and 8.9 thousand deaths of residents of Riga were recorded in the previous year. In comparison with 2008 birth rate per 1000 residents in Riga decreased by almost 10 %, and mortality rate decreased by 7 %.

The growth of the number of population in 2009 was recorded only in Pieriga region - by 3.8 thousand.

The highest birth indicators per 1000 population were observed in Pieriga region – 11.1 births and in Riga – 10.1, but the lowest birth rates were in Latgale region - 7.9 births per 1000 population.

The highest death rates were in Latgale region - 15.9 deaths per 1000 population, but the lowest death rates were in Pieriga region - 11.8 deaths per 1000 population.

The data of the 1st quarter of 2010 show that number of  births tend to reduce also this year. The number of births in the 1st quarter is approximately 600 children smaller than during the first three months of the previous year. But the number of deaths retained the level of the previous year. The number of marriages continues to decrease. In the first three months of 2010 it comprised 1.1 thousand, but in the 1st quarter of previous year – 1.4 thousand.

 

Prepared by the Population Statistics Section
Elmīra Seņkāne
Tel. 67366903