On changes of demographic situation in Latvia in 2007

06.05.2008

The data of the Central Statistical Bureau on the demographic situation in 2007 show that Latvian population continues to decrease.

At the beginning of 2008 it stood at 2million 271 thousand, a drop of 10.4 thousand persons compared to the previous year. In 2007 the number of population decreased slower than in previous year: 0.46% if compared to 0.58% in 2006.

The number of population due to the natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) decreased by 9.8 thousand, but due to the long-term migration - by 0.6 thousand. In 2007 3541 person arrived in Latvia, but 4183 persons left for permanent residence in other countries.

Most important comparative demographic development indicators

Year

Total

First marriage

men

women

men

women

2000

32.0

29.5

26.9

24.9

2001

31.6

29.0

27.0

24.9

2002

31.9

29.3

27.5

25.4

2003

32.0

29.4

27.5

25.4

2004

32.1

29.4

27.8

25.6

2005

32.8

30.0

28.2

26.0

2006

33.0

30.4

28.4

26.3

2007

33.3

30.7

28.5

26.4


In comparison with 2006, in 2007 the number of registered marriages increased by 6%. But the number of divorces also increased. The number of registered marriages per 1000 population was the highest within the last 15 years.

Number of registered and divorced marriages per 1000 population in Latvia in 2000 - 2007

In 2007 the average age of marrying persons increased. If in 2000 40% men and 50% women registered their first marriage at the age of 20-24 years, in 2007 only 20% of newly married men and 30% of women were at this age, while 48 % of bridegrooms and 41% of brides were in the age of 25–34 years.

Average age of marrying persons in Latvia in 2000 - 2007

Year

Live births per 1000 women
aged 15-49

Total fertility rate

2000

34.2

1.24

2001

33.3

1.21

2002

33.9

1.23

2003

35.5

1.29

2004

34.3

1.24

2005

36.4

1.31

2006

37.8

1.35

2007

39.5

1.42


The number of births in 2007 was 23.3 thousand or 1009 children more than in 2006. The birth rate per 1000 population increased by 5%. The number of births per 1000 residents – 10.2 children – was the highest indicator within the last 14 years.

52.1% of the newborn were the first children in their families (51.7% in 2006). Compared to 32.1% a year before, the proportion of second children amongst all newborn in 2007 was 32.8%.

In comparison to 2006, total fertility rate (average number of children that would be born to a female during her lifetime provided the birth-rate of the given year remaining at the previous level) in 2007 grew by 5 %, and comprised 1.42. At the present, it only slightly exceeds half of the replacement level (2.1-2.2) necessary for exchange of the generations.

Fertility rates and trends of their changes

Year

Live births per 1000 women aged 15-49

Total fertility rate

2000

34,2

1,24

2001

33,3

1,21

2002

33,9

1,23

2003

35,5

1,29

2004

34,3

1,24

2005

36,4

1,31

2006

37,8

1,35

2007

39,5

1,42

Since 1995 the average age of mother has increased by 2 years, and in 2007 it reached 28 years, but average age of mother at the moment when the first baby is born last year was 25.4 years, or 1.9 years higher then in 1995.

Average age of women at the first marriage and average age of mother at the first childbearing in Latvia in 2000 - 2007

The number of deaths in 2007 was 33.0 thousand or 56 persons less than in 2006. The crude death rate – 14.5 deaths per 1000 population, has practically retained the level of the previous year.

It should be noted that, last year infant mortality increased. 203 infants died during their first year of life (8.7 deaths per 1000 live births). Compared to 2006, in 2007 the number of infant deaths per 1000 live births has grown by 14%.

At the beginning of the year the total population in Riga comprised 717 thousand, and over the year it reduced by 5.1 thousand. 7.9 thousand births and 10.2 thousand deaths of residents of Riga were recorded in the previous year. In comparison with 2006, birth rate per 1000 residents in Riga increased by 6.8 %, and mortality rate increased by 1.4 %.

In 2007 increase of number of population was recorded only in the districts of Riga (6655 persons), Ogre (751) and Jelgava (337), as well as, in the city of Jūrmala (172).

The highest birth rates per 1000 persons were observed in the district of Riga - 13 births, and in districts of Ogre, Tukums, Bauska, Jelgava and Ventspils - 11 births. On the contrary, the lowest birth rates were recorded in the districts of Krāslava and Balvi – 7 newborn per 1000 persons.

The highest mortality rates were in the districts of Daugavpils, Rēzekne and Ludza (20 – 21 deaths per 1000 population). This situation can partly be explained with the bigger share of older age population in the mentioned districts. On the contrary, the lowest mortality rates were observed in the districts of Riga and Ogre, comprising 12 deaths per 1000 population. In 2007, just like in the previous year, the number of deaths exceeded that of births in all cities and districts of Latvia, except Riga district where 164 persons more were born than died.

The data of the 1st quarter of 2008 show that, the trends of birth rates and mortality rates could retain the same level also this year. In the first three months of this year the number of births was slightly higher than in the corresponding period a year ago – 6.2 thousand over 5.7 thousand. The number of deaths in the 1st quarter constituted 8.3 thousand, or almost 1000 persons less if compared to the relevant period of 2006. The number of registered marriages has slightly decreased. In the first three months of 2008 it comprised 1.8 thousand, but in the 1st quarter of previous year – 2.1 thousand.

Prepared by the Population Statistics Section
Tel. 67366903
Elmīra Seņkāne