On changes of demographic situation in Latvia in 2006

03.05.2007

The data of Central Statistical Bureau show that the number of Latvian population continued to decrease. At the beginning of 2007 it stood at 2million 281 thousand, a drop of 13.3 thousand persons compared with the previous year. In 2006, the decline rate in the number of population was more significant compared with the previous year – 0.58% compared with 0.51% in 2005.

The number of population due to natural movement (the number of deaths exceeding births) resulted in a population decrease of 10.8 thousand; excess of emigration over immigration resulted in a population drop of 2.5 thousand persons.

Most important comparative demographic development indicators

2000

2005

2006

2006 in per cent
over 2005

Number of registered marriages

9211

12544

14616

116,5

Per 1000 population

3,9

5,45

6,39

117,2

Number of divorces

6134

6341

7249

114,3

Per 1000 population

2,6

2,76

3,17

114,9

Number of births

20248

21497

22264

103,6

Per 1000 population

8,5

9,34

9,73

104,2

Number of deaths

32205

32777

33098

101,0

Per 1000 population

13,6

14,25

14,47

101,5

Number of infant deaths

210

168

170

101,2

Per 1000 live born infants

10,4

7,8

7,6

97,4

In 2006, the number of registered marriages increased by 16.5%, however, the number of divorces increased, too. The number of registered marriages per 1000 population was the highest during the last 14 years. Dynamics of registered marriages and divorces per 1000 population since 2000 is shown in fallowing chart.

In 2006 the average age of marrying persons increased. If 40% men and 50% women registered their first marriage at the age of 20-24 years in 2000, only 28% of newly married men and 41% of women were in this age in 2006, while 60% of bridegrooms and 46% of brides were in the age of 25–34 years.

Medium age of those entered into marriage

Year

Total

First marriage

men

women

men

women

2000

32,0

29,5

26,9

24,9

2001

31,6

29,0

27,0

24,9

2002

31,9

29,3

27,5

25,4

2003

32,0

29,4

27,5

25,4

2004

32,1

29,4

27,8

25,6

2005

32,8

30,0

28,2

26,0

2006

33,0

30,4

28,4

26,3

In 2006, the number of newborn was 22.3 thousand, or by 767 children more than in 2005. The birth rate per 1000 residents increased by 4.2%. The number of births per 1000 residents – 9.7 children – was the highest indicator through the last 13 years.

Decision on children parents nowadays are making slightly later than 10 years ago. The average age of newborn mother testifies it, which in 2006 was 28 years, in 1995 – 26 years. The average age of mother at the time when the first baby is born last year was 25.3 years or by 1.8 years higher than in 1995.

51.7% of the newborn were the first children in their families (51.2% in 2005). The proportion of second children amongst all newborn in 2006 was 32.1%, compared with 32.0% a year before.

The total fertility rate (average number of children that would be born to a female during her lifetime provided the birth-rate of the given year remaining at the previous level) grew by 4% in 2006 in comparison with 2005, and comprised 1.36. At the present, it only slightly exceeds half of the replacement level (2.1-2.2) necessary for exchange of generations.

Birth-rate indices and tendencies of their changes

Year

Number of births
per 1000 women aged 15- 49

Total birth-rate

2000

34,2

1,24

2001

33,3

1,21

2002

33,9

1,23

2003

35,5

1,29

2004

34,3

1,24

2005

37,2

1,29

2006

37,9

1,36

In 2006, the number of deaths in Latvia comprised 33.1 thousand, or by 321 persons more than in 2005. Crude death rate was 14.5 deaths per 1000 population, or by 1.5% higher than in the previous year.

A positive trend is being observed in fall of infant mortality. The number of infants deceased during their first year of life per 1000 live births – 7.6 deaths – is the lowest figure through the last 60 years. In comparison with 2005, infant mortality rate has decreased by 2.6%.

The summarized data show, that, previous year in Latvia as result of long-term migration, the population decreased by 2451 person, what is the highest indicator since 2002. In 2006 from other countries in Latvia for permanent stay arrived 2801 person and for permanent stay in other countries left 5252 persons.

The total number of population in Riga comprised 722 thousand at the beginning of the year, and it reduced by 5.1 thousand over the year. 7.5 thousand births and 10.1 thousand deaths of residents of Riga were recorded in the previous year. In comparison with 2005, birth rate per 1000 residents in Riga increased by 6.2%, and mortality rate increased by 3.7%.

In 2006, increase of number of population was observed only in the districts of Ogre (524) and Riga (4237).

The highest birth rate indices per 1000 residents were in Riga district– 12 births, in the districts of Ogre, Tukums, Liepaja – 11 births; the lowest birth rate was in the district of Ludza, Kraslava, Preili – only slightly more than 7 births per 1000 residents.

Mortality rates were highest in Ludza, Rezekne, and Kraslava districts (21 – 22 deaths per 1000 population). This situation was partly due to the older age of population in the said districts. In the contrary, the lowest mortality rates were observed in Riga and Ogre districts, comprising 12 deaths per 1000 population. In 2006, just like in the previous year, the number of deaths exceeded that of births in all cities and districts of Latvia, except Riga district where were born 24 persons more than died.

The data for 1st quarter of this year show that the trends of birth and death rates may continue also in 2007. The number of births is slightly higher than in the corresponding period of previous year – 5.7 thousand against 5.3 thousand. The number of deaths in 1st quarter was 9.3 thousand, or by 200 more than in corresponding period of 2006. The number of registered marriages in the first three months of 2007 was 2.1 thousand, as compared with 2.0 thousand in the 1st quarter of previous year.

Prepared by Social Statistics Department
Population Statistics Section
Tel. 371 7366903
Elmira Senkane